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Annex: IMF Executive Board Discussion of the Outlook, September 2012

Annex: IMF Executive Board Discussion of the Outlook, September 2012 »

Source: World Economic Outlook, October 2012 : Coping with High Debt and Sluggish Growth

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 October 2012

ISBN: 9781616353896

Keywords: Budget estimates, Adjustment process, Commodity prices, Debt reduction, Euro, public debt, fiscal consolidation, current account, inflation

The following remarks were made by the Acting Chair at the conclusion of the Executive Board’s discussion of the World Economic Outlook, Global Financial Stability R...

Assessing Fiscal Sustainability in Theory and Practice1

Assessing Fiscal Sustainability in Theory and Practice1 »

Source: Assessing Fiscal Sustainability in Theory and Practice

Volume/Issue: 2000/81

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Nigel Chalk , and Richard Hemming

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 2000

ISBN: 9781451850352

Keywords: Government deficits and debt, present value budget constraint, sustainability indicators, fiscal sustainability, debt ratio, budget constraint, primary deficit

The main purpose of this paper is to provide an overview of approaches to assessing fiscal sustainability. It summarizes the general analytical background, focusing on the present value budget constraint, which is...

Budget Deficits and Budget Institutions

Budget Deficits and Budget Institutions »

Source: Budget Deficits and Budget Institutions

Volume/Issue: 1996/52

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Alberto Alesina , and Roberto Perotti

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 1996

ISBN: 9781451847208

Keywords: budget deficits, budget process, fiscal discipline, budget institutions, budget balance

By discussing the available theoretical and empirical literature, this paper argues that budget procedures and budget institutions do influence budget outcomes. Budget institutions include both procedural rules and...

4. Budget Execution

4. Budget Execution »

Source: Guidelines for Public Expenditure Management

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 1999

ISBN: 9781557757876

Keywords: expenditure, expenditures, budget preparation, budget execution, extrabudgetary funds

For fiscal economists, the key issues on budget execution are always whether deficit targets are likely to be met, and whether any budget adjustments (both on the revenue and expend...

3. Budget Preparation

3. Budget Preparation »

Source: Guidelines for Public Expenditure Management

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 1999

ISBN: 9781557757876

Keywords: expenditure, expenditures, budget preparation, budget execution, extrabudgetary funds

A full understanding of the budget planning and preparation system is essential, not just to derive expenditure projections but to be able to advise policymakers on the feasibility...

Budget Processes and Commitment to Fiscal Discipline

Budget Processes and Commitment to Fiscal Discipline »

Source: Budget Processes and Commitment to Fiscal Discipline

Volume/Issue: 1996/78

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 1996

ISBN: 9781451850079

Keywords: budget process, fiscal discipline, fiscal performance, budget law, budget act

This paper develops a political-economy model of the budget process focusing on the common pool problem of the public budget. We show that the externality arising from the fact that public spending tends to be targ...

Budgetary Transparency for Public Expenditure Control

Budgetary Transparency for Public Expenditure Control »

Source: Budgetary Transparency for Public Expenditure Control

Volume/Issue: 2001/8

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Franco Reviglio

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2001

ISBN: 9781451842517

Keywords: Public expenditure control, political systems and public expenditure reforms, taxation and unemployment, GSP implementation versus budgetary gimmicks, budgetary transparency in Italy, public expenditure, expenditure, fiscal constraints, expenditure management, fiscal policy

This paper explains why EMU countries seem unable or unwilling to undertake structural reforms of public expenditure. One of the reasons is political. What public expenditure reforms might be pursued without changi...

5. Cash Planning and Management

5. Cash Planning and Management »

Source: Guidelines for Public Expenditure Management

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 1999

ISBN: 9781557757876

Keywords: expenditure, expenditures, budget preparation, budget execution, extrabudgetary funds

As an integral element of public expenditure management, governments need to develop cash planning and management to keep within budgeted expenditure in cash terms; to prevent unant...

Chapter 2 Country and Regional Perspectives

Chapter 2 Country and Regional Perspectives »

Source: World Economic Outlook, October 2012 : Coping with High Debt and Sluggish Growth

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 October 2012

ISBN: 9781616353896

Keywords: Budget estimates, Adjustment process, Commodity prices, Debt reduction, Euro, public debt, fiscal consolidation, current account, inflation

Global growth slowed again during the second quarter of 2012 after rebounding during the first. The slowing has been observed in all regions. This synchronicity suggests an importan...

Chapter 1 Global Prospects and Policies

Chapter 1 Global Prospects and Policies »

Source: World Economic Outlook, October 2012 : Coping with High Debt and Sluggish Growth

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 October 2012

ISBN: 9781616353896

Keywords: Budget estimates, Adjustment process, Commodity prices, Debt reduction, Euro, public debt, fiscal consolidation, current account, inflation

The global economy has deteriorated further since the release of the July 2012 WEO Update, and growth projections have been marked down (Table 1.1). Downside risks are now judged to...