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CHAPTER 1. Armenia After a Decade of Reform

CHAPTER 1. Armenia After a Decade of Reform »

Source: Growth and Poverty Reduction in Armenia : Achievements and Challenges

Series: IMF Special Issues

Author(s): Christian Beddies , Enrique Gelbard , James McHugh , Laure Redifer , and Garbis Iradian

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 November 2005

ISBN: 9781589064515

Keywords: Economic growth, Poverty reduction, banking, banking system, tfp, tax revenues, tax administration

This chapter contains an assessment of Armenia’s transition from a state-dominated economy to a market-oriented one during the past 10 years. It begins with a brief discussion of the economic background and...

Chapter3. Assessing the Reform of the Caja Fiscal

Chapter3. Assessing the Reform of the Caja Fiscal »

Source: Paraguay : Corruption, Reform, and the Financial System

Series: IMF Special Issues

Author(s): Jeffrey Franks , Randa Sab , Valerie Mercer-Blackman , and Roberto Benelli

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 September 2005

ISBN: 9781589064201

Keywords: Economic reforms, Financial systems, exchange rate, banking, bonds, banking system, financial system

A. Background Paraguay's existing pension system is fragmented into eight independent public institutions. Few workers—less than 10 percent of the active labor force—participate in a...

Chapter4. Equilibrium Real Exchange Rate in Paraguay

Chapter4. Equilibrium Real Exchange Rate in Paraguay »

Source: Paraguay : Corruption, Reform, and the Financial System

Series: IMF Special Issues

Author(s): Jeffrey Franks , Randa Sab , Valerie Mercer-Blackman , and Roberto Benelli

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 September 2005

ISBN: 9781589064201

Keywords: Economic reforms, Financial systems, exchange rate, banking, bonds, banking system, financial system

A. Background In recent years, Paraguay's real exchange rate has exhibited large fluctuations. From end-2000 through end-2002, a period characterized by subsequent banking crises and...

Chapter2. Financial Crises and Behavior of Private Sector Credit in Paraguay

Chapter2. Financial Crises and Behavior of Private Sector Credit in Paraguay »

Source: Paraguay : Corruption, Reform, and the Financial System

Series: IMF Special Issues

Author(s): Jeffrey Franks , Randa Sab , Valerie Mercer-Blackman , and Roberto Benelli

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 September 2005

ISBN: 9781589064201

Keywords: Economic reforms, Financial systems, exchange rate, banking, bonds, banking system, financial system

A. Introduction A series of financial crises have afflicted Paraguay since the financial liberalization in the 1990s and have contributed to the fall in private sector credit. Paragu...

CHAPTER 7. Financial System and Institutions

CHAPTER 7. Financial System and Institutions »

Source: Mauritius : Challenges of Sustained Growth

Series: IMF Special Issues

Author(s): James Yao , Gamal El-Masry , Padamja Khandelwal , and Emilio Sacerdoti

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 March 2005

ISBN: 9781589064164

Keywords: Development, Economic growth, inflation, monetary policy, financial system, export sector, banking

Mauritius has one of the more sophisticated financial systems in Africa, a system that is soundly capitalized and profitable. Assets of the banking system represent about 100 percent of GDP. While the financ...

CHAPTER 3. Fiscal Adjustment

CHAPTER 3. Fiscal Adjustment »

Source: Growth and Poverty Reduction in Armenia : Achievements and Challenges

Series: IMF Special Issues

Author(s): Christian Beddies , Enrique Gelbard , James McHugh , Laure Redifer , and Garbis Iradian

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 November 2005

ISBN: 9781589064515

Keywords: Economic growth, Poverty reduction, banking, banking system, tfp, tax revenues, tax administration

Fiscal consolidation has been the cornerstone of Armenia’s successful stabilization. Between 1995 and 2000, the fiscal adjustment was primarily an expenditure-based phenomenon, and the quasi-fiscal sectors (...

CHAPTER 6. Fiscal Developments

CHAPTER 6. Fiscal Developments »

Source: Mauritius : Challenges of Sustained Growth

Series: IMF Special Issues

Author(s): James Yao , Gamal El-Masry , Padamja Khandelwal , and Emilio Sacerdoti

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 March 2005

ISBN: 9781589064164

Keywords: Development, Economic growth, inflation, monetary policy, financial system, export sector, banking

Over the past 25 years, Mauritius’s public finances have experienced three distinct phases: large fiscal deficits in the early 1980s, followed by a period of fiscal consolidation and discipline during the la...

CHAPTER 2. Growth and Poverty Reduction

CHAPTER 2. Growth and Poverty Reduction »

Source: Growth and Poverty Reduction in Armenia : Achievements and Challenges

Series: IMF Special Issues

Author(s): Christian Beddies , Enrique Gelbard , James McHugh , Laure Redifer , and Garbis Iradian

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 November 2005

ISBN: 9781589064515

Keywords: Economic growth, Poverty reduction, banking, banking system, tfp, tax revenues, tax administration

This chapter reviews Armenia’s growth performance and poverty indicators since the early 1990s. It seeks to respond to the following four questions: What were the sources of growth? Can the recent rapid grow...

Chapter1. Has Corruption in Paraguay Contributed to Slow Economic Growth?

Chapter1. Has Corruption in Paraguay Contributed to Slow Economic Growth? »

Source: Paraguay : Corruption, Reform, and the Financial System

Series: IMF Special Issues

Author(s): Jeffrey Franks , Randa Sab , Valerie Mercer-Blackman , and Roberto Benelli

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 September 2005

ISBN: 9781589064201

Keywords: Economic reforms, Financial systems, exchange rate, banking, bonds, banking system, financial system

A. Introduction Paraguay has long–standing problems with corruption and contraband. It figures as the most corrupt country in Latin America and the third most corrupt out of 133 coun...

CHAPTER 5. International Integration

CHAPTER 5. International Integration »

Source: Growth and Poverty Reduction in Armenia : Achievements and Challenges

Series: IMF Special Issues

Author(s): Christian Beddies , Enrique Gelbard , James McHugh , Laure Redifer , and Garbis Iradian

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 November 2005

ISBN: 9781589064515

Keywords: Economic growth, Poverty reduction, banking, banking system, tfp, tax revenues, tax administration

Armenia’s high growth rates over the past three years have been fueled by fast-growing exports, donor inflows, remittances, and FDI. Strong export-led growth is rather surprising in a country that lacks natu...