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8. Financial Markets in the GCC Countries

8. Financial Markets in the GCC Countries »

Source: The Macroeconomics of the Arab States of the Gulf

Series: Books

Author(s): Raphael Espinoza , Ghada Fayad , and Ananthakrishnan Prasad

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 21 November 2013

ISBN: 9780199683796

Keywords: oil, monetary policy, fiscal policy, expenditure, oil prices

8.1 Introduction As the global economic crisis took hold, the GCC countries’ financial systems found themselves affected through contagion despite the relatively low direct exposure...

5. Fiscal Policy for Macroeconomic Stability

5. Fiscal Policy for Macroeconomic Stability »

Source: The Macroeconomics of the Arab States of the Gulf

Series: Books

Author(s): Raphael Espinoza , Ghada Fayad , and Ananthakrishnan Prasad

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 21 November 2013

ISBN: 9780199683796

Keywords: oil, monetary policy, fiscal policy, expenditure, oil prices

5.1 Introduction Macroeconomic stability is important for long-term growth and the literature has discussed several channels through which volatility can reduce growth....

4. Government Spending, Subsidies, and Economic Efficiency

4. Government Spending, Subsidies, and Economic Efficiency »

Source: The Macroeconomics of the Arab States of the Gulf

Series: Books

Author(s): Raphael Espinoza , Ghada Fayad , and Ananthakrishnan Prasad

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 21 November 2013

ISBN: 9780199683796

Keywords: oil, monetary policy, fiscal policy, expenditure, oil prices

4.1 Introduction The activities of the government have a heightened importance in the Gulf countries because oil revenues accrue to the government and the way they are spent or saved...

I Overview

I Overview »

Source: Monetary Union Among Member Countries of the Gulf Cooperation Council

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Ugo Fasano-Filho , and Andrea Schaechter

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 29 August 2003

ISBN: 9781589062191

Keywords: monetary union, central bank, monetary policy, monetary unions, oil prices

The Heads of States of the Cooperation Council for the Arab States of the Gulf (GCC) decided at the end of 2001 to deepen economic integration by establishing a common currency—pegged to the U.S. dollar—by 2...

II Progress Toward Economic Integration and Convergence Among GCC Countries

II Progress Toward Economic Integration and Convergence Among GCC Countries »

Source: Monetary Union Among Member Countries of the Gulf Cooperation Council

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Ugo Fasano-Filho , and Andrea Schaechter

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 29 August 2003

ISBN: 9781589062191

Keywords: monetary union, central bank, monetary policy, monetary unions, oil prices

Over the past two decades, the GCC countries have taken important steps to achieve economic and financial integration among them. They have lifted formal impediments to the free movement of national goods, l...

III Main Lessons from the Experience of Monetary Unions

III Main Lessons from the Experience of Monetary Unions »

Source: Monetary Union Among Member Countries of the Gulf Cooperation Council

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Ugo Fasano-Filho , and Andrea Schaechter

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 29 August 2003

ISBN: 9781589062191

Keywords: monetary union, central bank, monetary policy, monetary unions, oil prices

In a “full” monetary union, independent nation states adopt a single monetary policy and a common currency. This is characterized by a single external exchange rate policy, as well as the permanent absence o...

Making the Most of Public Investment in MENA and CCA Oil-Exporting Countries

Making the Most of Public Investment in MENA and CCA Oil-Exporting Countries »

Volume/Issue: 2014/10

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): Maria Albino-War , Svetlana Cerovic , Francesco Grigoli , Juan Flores , Javier Kapsoli , Haonan Qu , Yahia Said , Bahrom Shukurov , Martin Sommer , and SeokHyun Yoon

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 November 2014

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498311397.006

ISBN: 9781498311397

Keywords: Central Asia and the Caucasus, Expenditure efficiency, Somalia, Oman, Saudi Arabia, Qatar, Public investment, Natural resources, Morocco, North Africa

Over the past decade, rising oil prices have translated into high levels of public investment in most MENA and CCA oil exporters. This has prompted questions about the efficiency of public investment in generating...

1. Introductory Chapter

1. Introductory Chapter »

Source: The Macroeconomics of the Arab States of the Gulf

Series: Books

Author(s): Raphael Espinoza , Ghada Fayad , and Ananthakrishnan Prasad

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 21 November 2013

ISBN: 9780199683796

Keywords: oil, monetary policy, fiscal policy, expenditure, oil prices

1.1 Introduction The countries of the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) have gone through considerable changes in the last decade, spurred by high oil prices and ambitious diversificati...

IV Potential Benefits and Costs of a Common Currency for GCC Countries

IV Potential Benefits and Costs of a Common Currency for GCC Countries »

Source: Monetary Union Among Member Countries of the Gulf Cooperation Council

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Ugo Fasano-Filho , and Andrea Schaechter

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 29 August 2003

ISBN: 9781589062191

Keywords: monetary union, central bank, monetary policy, monetary unions, oil prices

Why do countries decide to join or form a monetary union? The literature on optimum currency areas, initiated by Mundell’s seminal paper (1961), has extensively discussed the potential benefits and costs of...

The Macroeconomics of the Arab States of the Gulf

The Macroeconomics of the Arab States of the Gulf »

Series: Books

Author(s): Raphael Espinoza , Ghada Fayad , and Ananthakrishnan Prasad

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 21 November 2013

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9780199683796.071

ISBN: 9780199683796

Keywords: oil, monetary policy, fiscal policy, expenditure, oil prices

The economies of the Arab states of the Gulf have gone through considerable changes in the last decade, spurred by high oil prices and ambitious diversification plans. Large-scale immigration provided the labor for...