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Adjustment in Euro Area Deficit Countries

Adjustment in Euro Area Deficit Countries »

Source: Adjustment in Euro Area Deficit Countries : Progress, Challenges, and Policies

Volume/Issue: 2014/7

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): Thierry Tressel , Shengzu Wang , Joong Kang , Jay Shambaugh , Jörg Decressin , and Petya Koeva Brooks

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 July 2014

ISBN: 9781498373814

Keywords: European Economic and Monetary Union, Europe, Euro Area, Current account deficits, Crisis, Current account, Rebalancing, Competitiveness, External stability, Labor market

Imbalances within the euro area have been a defining feature of the crisis. This paper provides a critical analysis of the ongoing rebalancing of euro area 'deficit economies' (Greece, Ireland, Portugal, and Spain)...

Brexit Referendum and Business Investment in the UK

Brexit Referendum and Business Investment in the UK »

Source: Brexit Referendum and Business Investment in the UK

Volume/Issue: 2018/247

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Lucyna Gornicka

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 21 November 2018

ISBN: 9781484382011

Keywords: Europe, United Kingdom, Brexit referendum, firm investment, uncertainty, trade costs, General, Country and Industry Studies of Trade

In this paper I apply firm-level analysis to examine how the Brexit process has affected business investment in the UK. An interaction term of potential trade costs after exiting the EU and a measure of firms' part...

Collective Bargaining Through the Magnifying Glass

Collective Bargaining Through the Magnifying Glass »

Source: Collective Bargaining Through the Magnifying Glass : A Comparison Between the Netherlands and Portugal

Volume/Issue: 2017/275

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Alexander Hijzen , Pedro Martins , and Jante Parlevliet

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 December 2017

ISBN: 9781484332986

Keywords: Netherlands, Portugal, Employment, Europe, Industrial relations, social dialogue, General, Comparative Studies of Particular Economies

Since the global financial crisis, sector-level bargaining has come under renewed scrutiny. While in Southern Europe, the crisis raised concerns about the role of collective bargaining as an obstacle to labor marke...

Corporate Indebtedness and Low Productivity Growth of Italian Firms1

Corporate Indebtedness and Low Productivity Growth of Italian Firms1 »

Source: Corporate Indebtedness and Low Productivity Growth of Italian Firms

Volume/Issue: 2018/33

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Gareth Anderson , and Mehdi Raissi

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 February 2018

ISBN: 9781484343265

Keywords: Productivity, Europe, Italy, Corporate debt, dynamic heterogeneous panel threshold models, cross-sectional dependence, Models with Panel Data, Firm Behavior: Empirical Analysis, General

Productivity growth in Italy has been persistently anemic and has lagged that of the euro area over the period 1999-2015, while the indebtedness of its corporate sector has increased. Using the ORBIS firm-level dat...

Corporate Sector Vulnerabilities in Ireland

Corporate Sector Vulnerabilities in Ireland »

Source: Corporate Sector Vulnerabilities in Ireland

Volume/Issue: 2016/211

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Nir Klein

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 November 2016

ISBN: 9781475552171

Keywords: Corporate sector, Europe, Financial crisis, Ireland, leverage, interest rate shock, profit shock, General, General, General

The paper uses both macro- and micro-level data to assess how has the financial health of the Irish non-financial corporate (NFC) sector changed in the post financial crisis period. The analysis suggests that vulne...

Counting the Oil Money and the Elderly: Norway's Public Sector Balance Sheet

Counting the Oil Money and the Elderly: Norway's Public Sector Balance Sheet »

Source: Counting the Oil Money and the Elderly: Norway's Public Sector Balance Sheet

Volume/Issue: 2018/190

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ezequiel Cabezon , and Christian Henn

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 August 2018

ISBN: 9781484370117

Keywords: Europe, Norway, Public Sector Balance Sheet, Intertemporal Fiscal Balances, Debt Sustainability, General, Social Security and Public Pensions, General, Governmental Loans and Credits, Norway

Based on a permanent income analysis, Gagnon (2018) has prominently suggested that Norway has saved too much, thereby free-riding on the rest of the world for demand. Our public sector balance sheet analysis comes...

Revisiting the Economic Case for Fiscal Union in the Euro Area

Revisiting the Economic Case for Fiscal Union in the Euro Area »

Volume/Issue: 2018/3

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Helge Berger , Giovanni Dell'Ariccia , and Maurice Obstfeld

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 February 2018

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484340424.087

ISBN: 9781484340424

Keywords: Sweden, Switzerland, United Kingdom, Monetary unions, Spain, Italy, Fiscal policy, France, Germany, Greece

The paper makes an analytical contribution to the revived discussion about the euro area's institutional setup. After significant progress during the euro crisis, the drive to complete Europe's Economic and Monetar...

Drivers of Spain's Export Performance and the Role of the Labor Market Reforms1

Drivers of Spain's Export Performance and the Role of the Labor Market Reforms1 »

Source: Drivers of Spain's Export Performance and the Role of the Labor Market Reforms

Volume/Issue: 2018/283

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Jorge Salas

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 December 2018

ISBN: 9781484386941

Keywords: Employment, Europe, Export competitiveness, Export growth, Developed countries, Labor market reforms, Spain, Cross-country analysis, Competitiveness, Employment Protection

Spain's export performance strengthened after the global financial crisis, and exports now represent more than a third of GDP. This paper argues that several factors contributed to that achievement: external demand...

Economic Policy Uncertainty in Turkey

Economic Policy Uncertainty in Turkey »

Source: Economic Policy Uncertainty in Turkey

Volume/Issue: 2018/272

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): La-Bhus Fah Jirasavetakul , and Antonio Spilimbergo

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 December 2018

ISBN: 9781484387740

Keywords: Turkey, Europe, Policy uncertainty, economic uncertainty, firm-level, sector-level, investment decisions, employment growth, leverage strategies, diff-in-diff estimation

Uncertainty over economic policy plays a key role in economic outcomes. But evidence and quantification for emerging markets are elusive because of measurement and reverse causality issues. In this paper, we constr...

Exploring the Role of Foreign Investors in Russia's Local Currency Government Bond (OFZ) Market

Exploring the Role of Foreign Investors in Russia's Local Currency Government Bond (OFZ) Market »

Source: Exploring the Role of Foreign Investors in Russia's Local Currency Government Bond (OFZ) Market

Volume/Issue: 2017/28

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Yinqiu Lu , and Dmitry Yakovlev

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 February 2017

ISBN: 9781475577587

Keywords: Europe, Bond markets, Bonds, Currencies, Russian Federation, Foreign investment, International financial markets, Supply and demand, local currency government bonds; Russia; financial market development, local currency government bonds

Local currency government bonds (OFZ bonds) are an important fixed-income instrument in Russia's financial markets. In this paper, based on granular data, we explore the development of the OFZ bond market with a fo...