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Does Import Competition Induce R&D Reallocation? Evidence from the U.S.1

Does Import Competition Induce R&D Reallocation? Evidence from the U.S.1 »

Source: Does Import Competition Induce R&D Reallocation? Evidence from the U.S.

Volume/Issue: 2017/253

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Rui Xu , and Kaiji Gong

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 November 2017

ISBN: 9781484326008

Keywords: Western Hemisphere, Asia and Pacific, United States, Chinese Import Competition, R&D Expenditures, Reallocation, R&D Expenditures, Country and Industry Studies of Trade, Trade and Labor Market Interactions

We analyze the impact of rising import competition from China on U.S. innovative activities. Using Compustat data, we find that import competition induces R&D expenditures to be reallocated towards more productive...

How to Adjust to a Large Fall in Commodity Prices

How to Adjust to a Large Fall in Commodity Prices »

Volume: 16

Series: Fiscal Affairs Department How-To Notes

Author(s): Paulo Medas , Veronique Salins , and Jeff Danforth

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 September 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475536065.061

ISBN: 9781475536065

Keywords: Asia and Pacific, Canada, Chile, Commodity prices, Malaysia, Natural resources, Nigeria, Sub-Saharan Africa, Western Hemisphere, Commodity boom

Resource-rich countries have to manage highly volatile commodity revenues. In periods of revenue booms there is a tendency for large spending scale-ups. When facing large and persistent reductions in commodity pric...

How to Adjust to a Large Fall in Commodity Prices

How to Adjust to a Large Fall in Commodity Prices »

Source: How to Adjust to a Large Fall in Commodity Prices

Volume: 16

Series: Fiscal Affairs Department How-To Notes

Author(s): Paulo Medas , Veronique Salins , and Jeff Danforth

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 September 2016

ISBN: 9781475536065

Keywords: Asia and Pacific, Canada, Chile, Commodity prices, Malaysia, Natural resources, Nigeria, Sub-Saharan Africa, Western Hemisphere, Commodity boom

Resource-rich countries have to manage highly volatile commodity revenues. In periods of revenue booms there is a tendency for large spending scale-ups. When facing large and persistent reductions in commodity pric...

Does Import Competition Induce R&D Reallocation? Evidence from the U.S.

Does Import Competition Induce R&D Reallocation? Evidence from the U.S. »

Volume/Issue: 2017/253

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Rui Xu , and Kaiji Gong

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 November 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484326008.001

ISBN: 9781484326008

Keywords: Western Hemisphere, Asia and Pacific, United States, Chinese Import Competition, R&D Expenditures, Reallocation, R&D Expenditures, Country and Industry Studies of Trade, Trade and Labor Market Interactions

We analyze the impact of rising import competition from China on U.S. innovative activities. Using Compustat data, we find that import competition induces R&D expenditures to be reallocated towards more productive...

Loss of Correspondent Banking Relationships in the Caribbean
			: Trends, Impact, and Policy Options

Loss of Correspondent Banking Relationships in the Caribbean : Trends, Impact, and Policy Options »

Volume/Issue: 2017/209

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Trevor Alleyne , Jacques Bouhga-Hagbe , Thomas Dowling , Dmitriy Kovtun , Alla Myrvoda , Joel Chiedu Okwuokei , and Jarkko Turunen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 29 September 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484320686.001

ISBN: 9781484320686

Keywords: Dominica, Dominican Republic, Antigua and Barbuda, Asia and Pacific, Bahamas, The, Barbados, Small states, Grenada, Haiti, Western Hemisphere

Banks across the Caribbean have lost important Correspondent Banking Relationships (CBRs). The macroeconomic impact has so far been limited, in part because banks either have multiple relationships or have been suc...

National Insurance Scheme Reforms in the Caribbean

National Insurance Scheme Reforms in the Caribbean »

Volume/Issue: 2016/206

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Koffie Ben Nassar , Joel Chiedu Okwuokei , Mike Li , Timothy Robinson , and Saji Thomas

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 October 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475545432.001

ISBN: 9781475545432

Keywords: Jamaica, Insurance, Grenada, Haiti, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Barbados, Bahamas, The, Asia and Pacific, Aging

Weighed down by population aging, slow economic growth, and high unemployment, National Insurance Schemes in the Caribbean are projected to run substantial deficits and deplete their assets in the next decades, rai...

Non-Performing Loans in the ECCU
			: Determinants and Macroeconomic Impact

Non-Performing Loans in the ECCU : Determinants and Macroeconomic Impact »

Volume/Issue: 2016/229

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Kimberly Beaton , Alla Myrvoda , and Shernnel Thompson

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 November 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475555714.001

ISBN: 9781475555714

Keywords: Non-performing loans, Western Hemisphere, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Asia and Pacific, Antigua and Barbuda, Dominica, Grenada, Macrofinancial linkages

This paper assesses the determinants of NPLs in the Eastern Caribbean Currency Union (ECCU) and whether a deterioration in asset quality may result in negative feedback effects from the banking system to economic a...

Political Institutions, State Building, and Tax Capacity
			: Crossing the Tipping Point

Political Institutions, State Building, and Tax Capacity : Crossing the Tipping Point »

Volume/Issue: 2016/233

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Vitor Gaspar , Laura Jaramillo , and Philippe Wingender

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 02 December 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475558142.001

ISBN: 9781475558142

Keywords: Nigeria, Political economy, Income taxes, Taxation, Tax evasion, Sub-Saharan Africa, Tax administration, Spain, Western Hemisphere, China

An empirical finding by Gaspar, Jaramillo and Wingender (2016) shows that once countries cross a tax-to-GDP threshold of around 12¾ percent, real GDP per capita increases sharply and in a sustained manner over the...

Problem Loans in the Caribbean: Determinants, Impact and Strategies for Resolution

Problem Loans in the Caribbean: Determinants, Impact and Strategies for Resolution »

Volume/Issue: 2017/230

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Kimberly Beaton , Thomas Dowling , Dmitriy Kovtun , Franz Loyola , Alla Myrvoda , Joel Chiedu Okwuokei , Inci Ötker , and Jarkko Turunen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 November 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484326572.001

ISBN: 9781484326572

Keywords: Trinidad and Tobago, Western Hemisphere, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Grenada, Haiti, Jamaica

The high level of nonperforming loans (NPLs) in the Caribbean has been, in large part, a legacy of the global financial crisis, but their persistence owes much to the weak economic recovery in the region, as well a...

Public Investment Scaling-up and Debt Sustainability
			: The Case of Energy Sector Investments in the Caribbean

Public Investment Scaling-up and Debt Sustainability : The Case of Energy Sector Investments in the Caribbean »

Volume/Issue: 2017/138

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ahmed El-Ashram

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 June 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484302453.001

ISBN: 9781484302453

Keywords: Grenada, Haiti, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Caribbean, Bahamas, The, Antigua and Barbuda, Asia and Pacific, Jamaica, Barbados

The question of how scaling up public investment could affect fiscal and debt sustainability is key for countries needing to fill infrastructure gaps and build resilience. This paper proposes a bottom-up approach t...