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Activation of a Modern Industry

Activation of a Modern Industry »

Source: Activation of a Modern Industry

Volume/Issue: 2002/15

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Danyang Xie , and Ping Wang

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2002

ISBN: 9781451843279

Keywords: industrial transformation, subsistence, skilled labor, unemployment, skilled workers, employment, unemployment rate

This paper constructs an integrated framework to disentangle the underlying economic mechanism of industrial transformation. We consider three essential elements for the analysis: skill requirements, industry-wide...

After the Crisis

After the Crisis »

Source: After the Crisis : Assessing the Damage in Italy

Volume/Issue: 2010/244

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Silvia Sgherri , and Hanan Morsy

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 November 2010

ISBN: 9781455209446

Keywords: productivity growth, output losses, unemployment, total factor productivity, tfp, employment, real gdp, Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models: Time-Series Models,

Italy's deep-rooted structural problems resulted in an unsatisfactory productivity performance and a dismal growth over the last 15 years. The global financial crisis has exacerbated these long-standing weaknesses,...

The Aging of the Population and the Size of the Welfare State

The Aging of the Population and the Size of the Welfare State »

Source: The Aging of the Population and the Size of the Welfare State

Volume/Issue: 2002/68

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Phillip Swagel , Efraim Sadka , and Assaf Razin

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 2002

ISBN: 9781451849004

Keywords: dependency ratio, labor tax, tax rate, dependency, unemployment, social security, Structure, Scope, and Performance of Government,

Data for the United States and countries in Western Europe indicate a negative correlation between the dependency ratio and both labor tax rates and the generosity of social transfers, after controlling for other f...

Albania

Albania »

Source: Albania : Income Distribution, Poverty, and Social Safety Nets in the Transition, 1991-1993

Volume/Issue: 1994/123

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 1994

ISBN: 9781451854541

Keywords: social assistance, wage, benefits, unemployment, dependents

This paper examines developments in Albania’s income distribution and poverty during the transition to a market-oriented economy. It pays particular attention to the impact of price liberalization on the agr...

Alternative Methods of Estimating Potential Output and the Output Gap

Alternative Methods of Estimating Potential Output and the Output Gap »

Source: Alternative Methods of Estimating Potential Output and the Output Gap : An Application to Sweden

Volume/Issue: 2000/59

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Sweta Saxena , and Valerie Cerra

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2000

ISBN: 9781451847932

Keywords: Business Cycles, Output Gap, Potential Output, Detrending, Production Function, Vector Autoregression, Unobserved Components Models, nairu, equation, time series

This paper reviews a number of different methods that can be used to estimate potential output and the output gap. Measures of potential output and the output gap are useful to help identify the scope for sustainab...

Are Labor Market Indicators Telling the Truth? Role of Measurement Error in the U.S. Current Population Survey

Are Labor Market Indicators Telling the Truth? Role of Measurement Error in the U.S. Current Population Survey »

Source: Are Labor Market Indicators Telling the Truth? Role of Measurement Error in the U.S. Current Population Survey

Volume/Issue: 2019/40

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ippei Shibata

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 26 February 2019

ISBN: 9781498300452

Keywords: Persons not in labor force, Labor market policy, Labor force, Labor force participation, Labor markets, Gross Worker Flows, Current Population Survey, Classification Errors, Unemployment, Shimer

Labor market indicators are critical for policymakers, but measurement error in labor force survey data is known to be substantial. In this paper, I quantify the implications of classification errors in the U.S. Cu...

Are the French Happy with the 35-Hour Workweek?

Are the French Happy with the 35-Hour Workweek? »

Source: Are the French Happy with the 35-Hour Workweek?

Volume/Issue: 2006/251

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Marcello Estevão , and Filipa Sa

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 November 2006

ISBN: 9781451865110

Keywords: Workweek, coordination, job-sharing, employment, small firms, unemployed, unemployment, firm size, Time Allocation and Labor Supply,

Legally mandated reductions in the workweek can be either a constraint on individuals' choice or a tool to coordinate individuals' preferences for lower work hours. We confront these two hypotheses by studying the...

Are the Unemployed Unemployable?

Are the Unemployed Unemployable? »

Source: Are the Unemployed Unemployable?

Volume/Issue: 1994/64

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Gilles Saint-Paul

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 1994

ISBN: 9781451848496

Keywords: unemployment, aggregate unemployment, unemployment rate, skilled workers, unemployed

This paper develops a matching model of the labor market under wage rigidity when hiring decisions are irreversible. There are two types of workers, the skilled and the unskilled. The model is used to analyze wheth...

Argentina

Argentina »

Source: Argentina : Macroeconomic Crisis and Household Vulnerability

Volume/Issue: 2003/89

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Gabriela Inchauste , Ana Corbacho , and Mercedes Garcia-Escribano

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 2003

ISBN: 9781451851304

Keywords: macroeconomic crisis, household welfare, unemployment, employment, unemployed, unemployment insurance, unemployment rates, National Government Expenditures and Welfare Programs, General Welfare,

Using urban household surveys, we constructed a panel dataset to study the effects of the Argentine macroeconomic crisis of 1999-2002 with the aim of (1) identifying the most vulnerable households, (2) investigatin...

Aspects of the Swiss Labor Market

Aspects of the Swiss Labor Market »

Source: Aspects of the Swiss Labor Market

Volume/Issue: 1996/3

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Paula De Masi , and S. Henry

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1996

ISBN: 9781451841855

Keywords: unemployment, unemployment benefits, unemployment rate, employment, unemployed

This paper presents an analysis of the behavior of the Swiss labor market, which emphasizes both changes to labor supply and real wage inflexibility as determinants of recent unusually high levels of unemployment....