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1. Advanced Europe: Reversing the Slide

1. Advanced Europe: Reversing the Slide »

Source: Regional Economic Outlook, October 2011, Europe : Navigating Stormy Waters

Series: Regional Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 October 2011

ISBN: 9781616351281

Keywords: expenditure, fiscal consolidation, labor market, domestic demand, unemployment

The euro area crisis has entered into a new stage in the context of a marked global slowdown. Tensions have moved from the euro area periphery to some core economies, prompting new policy interv...

Annex

Annex »

Source: Regional Economic Outlook, October 2011, Europe : Navigating Stormy Waters

Series: Regional Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 October 2011

ISBN: 9781616351281

Keywords: expenditure, fiscal consolidation, labor market, domestic demand, unemployment

(a) Constructing a Trade Interconnectedness Index The trade interconnectedness index (TII) is the weighted average of indicators capturing the importance of bilateral trade between c...

Appendix. Europe: IMF-Supported Arrangements59

Appendix. Europe: IMF-Supported Arrangements59 »

Source: Regional Economic Outlook, October 2011, Europe : Navigating Stormy Waters

Series: Regional Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 October 2011

ISBN: 9781616351281

Keywords: expenditure, fiscal consolidation, labor market, domestic demand, unemployment

(As of September 7, 2011) Country...

4. East-West Economic and Financial Linkages in Europe

4. East-West Economic and Financial Linkages in Europe »

Source: Regional Economic Outlook, October 2011, Europe : Navigating Stormy Waters

Series: Regional Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 October 2011

ISBN: 9781616351281

Keywords: expenditure, fiscal consolidation, labor market, domestic demand, unemployment

Trade and financial linkages between Western Europe and Central, Eastern, and Southeastern Europe (CESEE) have increased sharply over the past one and a half decades. 48...

2. Emerging Europe: Reducing Vulnerabilities to Prevent Financial Turmoil

2. Emerging Europe: Reducing Vulnerabilities to Prevent Financial Turmoil »

Source: Regional Economic Outlook, October 2011, Europe : Navigating Stormy Waters

Series: Regional Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 October 2011

ISBN: 9781616351281

Keywords: expenditure, fiscal consolidation, labor market, domestic demand, unemployment

Emerging Europe’s recovery from the deep crisis of 2008/09 continued in the first half of 2011, and growth also picked up in the Baltic countries and Southeastern Europe—the regions most affecte...

I. Overview

I. Overview »

Source: Regional Economic Issues--Special Report 25 Years of Transition : Post-Communist Europe and the IMF

Series: Regional Economic Outlook

Author(s): James Roaf , Ruben Atoyan , Bikas Joshi , and Krzysztof Krogulski

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 October 2014

ISBN: 9781498305631

Keywords: labor market, unemployment, transition countries, inflation, banking

A transformation in pictures In 1989, the Stalin-era Palace of Culture stood almost alone on the Warsaw skyline. Now it is joined b...

II. 1990–1993: Initial Stabilization and Reform

II. 1990–1993: Initial Stabilization and Reform »

Source: Regional Economic Issues--Special Report 25 Years of Transition : Post-Communist Europe and the IMF

Series: Regional Economic Outlook

Author(s): James Roaf , Ruben Atoyan , Bikas Joshi , and Krzysztof Krogulski

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 October 2014

ISBN: 9781498305631

Keywords: labor market, unemployment, transition countries, inflation, banking

Most countries faced extreme difficulties during the first years of transition. Output fell dramatically across the board as trade links and internal economic relati...

III. Monetary and Exchange Rate Policy

III. Monetary and Exchange Rate Policy »

Source: Regional Economic Issues--Special Report 25 Years of Transition : Post-Communist Europe and the IMF

Series: Regional Economic Outlook

Author(s): James Roaf , Ruben Atoyan , Bikas Joshi , and Krzysztof Krogulski

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 October 2014

ISBN: 9781498305631

Keywords: labor market, unemployment, transition countries, inflation, banking

After the fall of communism, monetary policy had to take on a more active role, requiring policy and institutional changes, including the establishment of independen...

IV. 1994–1996: Market Reforms

IV. 1994–1996: Market Reforms »

Source: Regional Economic Issues--Special Report 25 Years of Transition : Post-Communist Europe and the IMF

Series: Regional Economic Outlook

Author(s): James Roaf , Ruben Atoyan , Bikas Joshi , and Krzysztof Krogulski

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 October 2014

ISBN: 9781498305631

Keywords: labor market, unemployment, transition countries, inflation, banking

The mid-1990s saw continued rapid economic changes in the region, often amid considerable political uncertainty. For some countries, macro stabilization came earlier...

IX. Financial Sector

IX. Financial Sector »

Source: Regional Economic Issues--Special Report 25 Years of Transition : Post-Communist Europe and the IMF

Series: Regional Economic Outlook

Author(s): James Roaf , Ruben Atoyan , Bikas Joshi , and Krzysztof Krogulski

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 October 2014

ISBN: 9781498305631

Keywords: labor market, unemployment, transition countries, inflation, banking

After incomplete reform that led to banking crises across the region in the 1990s, almost all countries adopted a model based on strong bank supervision and high par...