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Acronyms

Acronyms »

Source: Fiscal Monitor, October 2012 : Taking Stock: A Progress Report on Fiscal Adjustment: Taking Stock: A Progress Report on Fiscal Adjustment

Series: Fiscal Monitor

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 October 2012

ISBN: 9781616353919

Keywords: pension, fiscal consolidation, unemployment, fiscal policy, pensions

ALMP active labor market program BIS Bank for Interna...

2 Adjustment Dynamics in the German Labor Market

2 Adjustment Dynamics in the German Labor Market »

Source: Economic Policies and Unemployment Dynamics in Europe

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 January 1997

ISBN: 9781557755780

Keywords: unemployment, employment, unemployment rate, wage, bargaining

Unemployment IN (WEST) Germany remains low compared with that in other European countries. Nevertheless, as elsewhere, it has risen considerably since the 1970s, because employment growth has failed to keep...

The Aging of the Population and the Size of the Welfare State

The Aging of the Population and the Size of the Welfare State »

Source: The Aging of the Population and the Size of the Welfare State

Volume/Issue: 2002/68

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Phillip Swagel , Efraim Sadka , and Assaf Razin

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 2002

ISBN: 9781451849004

Keywords: dependency ratio, labor tax, tax rate, dependency, unemployment, social security, Structure, Scope, and Performance of Government,

Data for the United States and countries in Western Europe indicate a negative correlation between the dependency ratio and both labor tax rates and the generosity of social transfers, after controlling for other f...

Appendixes

Appendixes »

Source: Fiscal Monitor, October 2012 : Taking Stock: A Progress Report on Fiscal Adjustment: Taking Stock: A Progress Report on Fiscal Adjustment

Series: Fiscal Monitor

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 October 2012

ISBN: 9781616353919

Keywords: pension, fiscal consolidation, unemployment, fiscal policy, pensions

Appendix 1. Distributional Consequences of Alternative Fiscal Consolidation Measures: Readings from the Data The Great Recession of 2007–09 led to an unprecedented increase in public...

Chapter 9. A Banking Union for the Euro Area

Chapter 9. A Banking Union for the Euro Area »

Source: The Mechanics of a Strong Euro Area : IMF Policy Analysis

Series: Books

Author(s): Petya Koeva Brooks , and Mahmood Pradhan

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 21 October 2015

ISBN: 9781498305532

Keywords: Euro Area, Economic policy, debt, bank, banks, unemployment, lending

A banking union—a single supervisory and regulatory framework, resolution mechanism, and safety net—for the euro area is the logical conclusion of the idea that integrated banking systems require integrated...

Chapter 8. A Disaggregated Approach to Prioritizing Structural Reforms for Growth and Employment

Chapter 8. A Disaggregated Approach to Prioritizing Structural Reforms for Growth and Employment »

Source: Jobs and Growth : Supporting the European Recovery: Supporting the European Recovery

Series: Books

Author(s): Martin Schindler , Helge Berger , Bas Bakker , and Antonio Spilimbergo

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 April 2014

ISBN: 9781484304464

Keywords: labor market, employment, unemployment, regulations, labor productivity

A Granular Approach to Reform Achieving sustained growth is no simple feat, given that it involves important policy choices and tradeoffs. Chapter 7 shows that designing structural r...

Chapter 6. An Early Assessment of Quantitative Easing

Chapter 6. An Early Assessment of Quantitative Easing »

Source: The Mechanics of a Strong Euro Area : IMF Policy Analysis

Series: Books

Author(s): Petya Koeva Brooks , and Mahmood Pradhan

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 21 October 2015

ISBN: 9781498305532

Keywords: Euro Area, Economic policy, debt, bank, banks, unemployment, lending

The European Central Bank (ECB) has taken a series of easing steps since mid-2014, including a negative deposit facility rate and targeted longer-term refinancing operations to support new lending. In Septem...

Chapter 7. Assessing the Gains from Structural Reforms for Jobs and Growth

Chapter 7. Assessing the Gains from Structural Reforms for Jobs and Growth »

Source: Jobs and Growth : Supporting the European Recovery: Supporting the European Recovery

Series: Books

Author(s): Martin Schindler , Helge Berger , Bas Bakker , and Antonio Spilimbergo

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 April 2014

ISBN: 9781484304464

Keywords: labor market, employment, unemployment, regulations, labor productivity

Structural Reforms and Gaps in Euro Area Countries Euro area countries, particularly those in the periphery, have made strong progress on their structural reform agendas since the gl...

Chapter 11. Capital Market Development: Financing of Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises in the Euro Area

Chapter 11. Capital Market Development: Financing of Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises in the Euro Area »

Source: The Mechanics of a Strong Euro Area : IMF Policy Analysis

Series: Books

Author(s): Petya Koeva Brooks , and Mahmood Pradhan

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 21 October 2015

ISBN: 9781498305532

Keywords: Euro Area, Economic policy, debt, bank, banks, unemployment, lending

The corporate sector in Europe is highly dependent on bank financing, which has constrained the recovery of credit supply in the wake of the crisis, particularly to small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs)....

Chapter 6. Challenges and Solutions for Fostering Job Creation in the Balkans

Chapter 6. Challenges and Solutions for Fostering Job Creation in the Balkans »

Source: Jobs and Growth : Supporting the European Recovery: Supporting the European Recovery

Series: Books

Author(s): Martin Schindler , Helge Berger , Bas Bakker , and Antonio Spilimbergo

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 April 2014

ISBN: 9781484304464

Keywords: labor market, employment, unemployment, regulations, labor productivity

Different countries face different labor market challenges, and reforms to address these challenges must be carefully tailored to specific country circumstances. Chapter 5 discussed key labor market problems...