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I World Economic Outlook and Policy Responses to the Global Slowdown

I World Economic Outlook and Policy Responses to the Global Slowdown »

Source: World Economic Outlook, May 1999 : International Financial Contagion

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 May 1999

ISBN: 9781557758095

Keywords: unemployment, debt, interest, debtor countries, current account

Since the end of 1998 some significant positive developments in the world economy have been broadly balanced by some important setbacks, so that the global outlook is little changed. Among the setba...

II Global Repercussions of the Crises in Emerging Markets and Other Conjunctural Issues

II Global Repercussions of the Crises in Emerging Markets and Other Conjunctural Issues »

Source: World Economic Outlook, May 1999 : International Financial Contagion

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 May 1999

ISBN: 9781557758095

Keywords: unemployment, debt, interest, debtor countries, current account

With two significant slowdowns in world economic growth having now occurred in this decade, global economic performance in the 1990s may clearly be viewed as disappointing. In fact, average annual world outp...

III International Financial Contagion

III International Financial Contagion »

Source: World Economic Outlook, May 1999 : International Financial Contagion

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 May 1999

ISBN: 9781557758095

Keywords: unemployment, debt, interest, debtor countries, current account

The forced devaluation of the Brazilian real in mid-January was the latest in a series of financial crises that have engulfed emerging market economies in recent years. A prominent feature of these crises—th...

Trade and the Crisis
			: Protect or Recover

Trade and the Crisis : Protect or Recover »

Volume/Issue: 2010/07

Series: IMF Staff Position Notes

Author(s): Mika Saito , Christian Henn , Rob Gregory , and Brad McDonald

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 April 2010

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781455251216.004

ISBN: 9781455251216

Keywords: Protectionism, Global Financial Crisis 2008-2009, Trade restrictions, Trade policy, Unemployment, World Trade Organization, Transparency, WTO, trade flows, world trade

The pace of trade reforms waned from the mid-2000s as protectionist sentiment began to increase. With the onset of the global financial crisis, reform progress not only halted but began to reverse. As we show in th...

Institutions, Informality, and Wage Flexibility
			: Evidence From Brazil

Institutions, Informality, and Wage Flexibility : Evidence From Brazil »

Volume/Issue: 2012/84

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Irineu de Carvalho Filho , and Marcello Estevão

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2012

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475502367.001

ISBN: 9781475502367

Keywords: informal work, regulations, wage, unemployment rate, employment, Institutions, Informality, and Wage Flexibility:, Wages, Compensation

Even though institutions are created to protect workers, they may interfere with labor market functioning, raise unemployment, and end up being circumvented by informal contracts. This paper uses Brazilian microeco...

The Labor Market and Economic Adjustment

The Labor Market and Economic Adjustment »

Volume/Issue: 1995/125

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Pierre-Richard Agénor

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 November 1995

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451854787.001

ISBN: 9781451854787

Keywords: wage, wages, employment, unemployment, minimum wage

This paper examines the role of the labor market in the transmission process of adjustment policies in developing countries. It begins by reviewing the recent evidence regarding the functioning of these markets. It...

Institutions, Informality, and Wage Flexibility

Institutions, Informality, and Wage Flexibility »

Source: Institutions, Informality, and Wage Flexibility : Evidence From Brazil

Volume/Issue: 2012/84

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Irineu de Carvalho Filho , and Marcello Estevão

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2012

ISBN: 9781475502367

Keywords: informal work, regulations, wage, unemployment rate, employment, Institutions, Informality, and Wage Flexibility:, Wages, Compensation

Even though institutions are created to protect workers, they may interfere with labor market functioning, raise unemployment, and end up being circumvented by informal contracts. This paper uses Brazilian microeco...

IV Chronic Unemployment in the Euro Area: Causes and Cures

IV Chronic Unemployment in the Euro Area: Causes and Cures »

Source: World Economic Outlook, May 1999 : International Financial Contagion

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 May 1999

ISBN: 9781557758095

Keywords: unemployment, debt, interest, debtor countries, current account

Despite some modest improvement since 1997, persistently high unemployment remains a major problem in Europe, especially among most of the economies that entered monetary union on January 1, 1999. The electi...

The Labor Market and Economic Adjustment

The Labor Market and Economic Adjustment »

Source: The Labor Market and Economic Adjustment

Volume/Issue: 1995/125

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Pierre-Richard Agénor

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 November 1995

ISBN: 9781451854787

Keywords: wage, wages, employment, unemployment, minimum wage

This paper examines the role of the labor market in the transmission process of adjustment policies in developing countries. It begins by reviewing the recent evidence regarding the functioning of these markets. It...

Trade and the Crisis

Trade and the Crisis »

Source: Trade and the Crisis : Protect or Recover

Volume/Issue: 2010/07

Series: IMF Staff Position Notes

Author(s): Mika Saito , Christian Henn , Rob Gregory , and Brad McDonald

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 April 2010

ISBN: 9781455251216

Keywords: Protectionism, Global Financial Crisis 2008-2009, Trade restrictions, Trade policy, Unemployment, World Trade Organization, Transparency, WTO, trade flows, world trade

The pace of trade reforms waned from the mid-2000s as protectionist sentiment began to increase. With the onset of the global financial crisis, reform progress not only halted but began to reverse. As we show in th...