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Aid Scaling Up

Aid Scaling Up »

Source: Aid Scaling Up : Do Wage Bill Ceilings Stand in the Way?

Volume/Issue: 2006/106

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Annalisa Fedelino , Gerd Schwartz , and Marijn Verhoeven

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 2006

ISBN: 9781451863666

Keywords: IMF conditionality, aid scaling up, MDGs, wage, salaries, civil service, government wages, National Government Expenditures and Welfare Programs, Wages, Compensation

This paper assesses whether the scaling up of aid and the resulting increase in government spending that is needed to meet the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) would be hampered by wage bill ceilings that are of...

Benchmarking the Efficiency of Public Expenditure in the Russian Federation

Benchmarking the Efficiency of Public Expenditure in the Russian Federation »

Source: Benchmarking the Efficiency of Public Expenditure in the Russian Federation

Volume/Issue: 2007/246

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): David Hauner

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 2007

ISBN: 9781451868098

Keywords: government expenditure, public sector efficiency, fiscal federalism, Russia, expenditure, public spending, public expenditure, health expenditure, health care,

This paper benchmarks the efficiency of public expenditure in the social sectors in the Russian Federation relative to other countries and among the country's regions. It finds that there is substantial room for ef...

The Changing Role of the State in the Economy

The Changing Role of the State in the Economy »

Source: The Changing Role of the State in the Economy : A Historical Perspective

Volume/Issue: 1997/114

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Vito Tanzi

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 1997

ISBN: 9781451943450

Keywords: public sector, industrial countries, public spending, public finance, public interest

This paper discusses the role of the state from a historical perspective. It outlines how that role has changed over the past hundred years and discusses the forces that have promoted the changes. In the period bet...

Corruption and Technology-Induced Private Sector Development

Corruption and Technology-Induced Private Sector Development »

Source: Corruption and Technology-Induced Private Sector Development

Volume/Issue: 2006/198

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Jean-François Ruhashyankiko , and Etienne Yehoue

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 2006

ISBN: 9781451864588

Keywords: Occupational choice, Technology, Private Sector Development, public sector, state-owned enterprises, nationalization,

This paper asks whether corruption might be the outcome of a lack of outside options for public officials or civil servants. We propose an occupational choice model embedded in an agency framework to address the is...

Counting the Oil Money and the Elderly: Norway's Public Sector Balance Sheet

Counting the Oil Money and the Elderly: Norway's Public Sector Balance Sheet »

Source: Counting the Oil Money and the Elderly: Norway's Public Sector Balance Sheet

Volume/Issue: 2018/190

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ezequiel Cabezon , and Christian Henn

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 August 2018

ISBN: 9781484370117

Keywords: Europe, Norway, Public Sector Balance Sheet, Intertemporal Fiscal Balances, Debt Sustainability, General, Social Security and Public Pensions, General, Governmental Loans and Credits, Norway

Based on a permanent income analysis, Gagnon (2018) has prominently suggested that Norway has saved too much, thereby free-riding on the rest of the world for demand. Our public sector balance sheet analysis comes...

Demographics, Pension Systems and the Saving-Investment Balance

Demographics, Pension Systems and the Saving-Investment Balance »

Source: Demographics, Pension Systems and the Saving-Investment Balance

Volume/Issue: 2018/265

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Hua Chai , and Jun Il Kim

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 December 2018

ISBN: 9781484385876

Keywords: Capital flows, Foreign exchange, Current account, Aging, Investment, Pensions, Private savings, Public sector savings, Demographic indicators, demographics

This paper studies the effect of demographic change on national saving, global interest rates, and international capital flows, focusing on the role of the public pension system. We develop a small open economy ove...

Determinants of Government Efficiency

Determinants of Government Efficiency »

Source: Determinants of Government Efficiency

Volume/Issue: 2008/228

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): David Hauner , and Annette Kyobe

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 2008

ISBN: 9781451870862

Keywords: Public sector performance, institutions, expenditure, health spending, public spending, health sector, health expenditure,

We compile the first large cross-country panel dataset of public sector performance and efficiency, encompassing 114 countries on all income levels from 1980 to 2006, with about 1,800 country-year observations for...

Do Elections Always Motivate Incumbents? Experimentation vs. Career Concerns

Do Elections Always Motivate Incumbents? Experimentation vs. Career Concerns »

Source: Do Elections Always Motivate Incumbents? Experimentation vs. Career Concerns

Volume/Issue: 2003/57

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ben Lockwood , and Eric Le Borgne

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2003

ISBN: 9781451847796

Keywords: Career Concern, Elections, Citizen Candidate, Experimentation, Tournaments, Political Business Cycles, election, voters, probability, voting

This paper studies a principal-agent model of the relationship between an incumbent officeholder and the electorate, where the officeholder is initially uninformed about her ability. If officeholder effort and abil...

Does Public-Sector Employment Fully Crowd Out Private-Sector Employment?

Does Public-Sector Employment Fully Crowd Out Private-Sector Employment? »

Source: Does Public-Sector Employment Fully Crowd Out Private-Sector Employment?

Volume/Issue: 2013/146

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Alberto Behar , and Junghwan Mok

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 June 2013

ISBN: 9781484329412

Keywords: unemployment, public employment, employment rate, public-sector employment, Labor Force and Employment, Size, and Structure, Public Policy, Other,

We quantify the extent to which public-sector employment crowds out private-sector employment using specially assembled datasets for a large cross-section of developing and advanced countries, and discuss the impli...

Does Public Sector Inefficiency Constrain Firm Productivity

Does Public Sector Inefficiency Constrain Firm Productivity »

Source: Does Public Sector Inefficiency Constrain Firm Productivity : Evidence from Italian Provinces

Volume/Issue: 2015/168

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Raffaela Giordano , Sergi Lanau , Pietro Tommasino , and Petia Topalova

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 21 July 2015

ISBN: 9781513580630

Keywords: public sector efficiency, firm productivity, public, public sector, government, General

This paper studies the effect of public sector efficiency on firm productivity using data from more than 400,000 firms across Italy's provinces. Exploiting the large heterogeneity in the efficiency of the public se...