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Dealing with High Debt in an Era of Low Growth

Dealing with High Debt in an Era of Low Growth »

Source: Dealing with High Debt in an Era of Low Growth

Volume/Issue: 2013/7

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): S. M. Ali Abbas , Bernardin Akitoby , Jochen Andritzky , Helge Berger , Takuji Komatsuzaki , and Justin Tyson

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 September 2013

ISBN: 9781484316139

Keywords: Debt strategy, Debt reduction, Developed countries, Fiscal policy, Fiscal reforms, Monetary policy, Privatization, Public debt, General Government Debt, Public Debt Sustainability

task has become particularly challenging in European advanced economies where expectations of low growth and limits to monetary policy support are shifting the burden of adjustment onto fiscal consolidation. The SD...

The Fiscal Consequences of Shrinking Populations

The Fiscal Consequences of Shrinking Populations »

Source: The Fiscal Consequences of Shrinking Populations

Volume/Issue: 2015/21

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): Benedict Clements , Kamil Dybczak , Vitor Gaspar , Sanjeev Gupta , and Mauricio Soto

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 26 October 2015

ISBN: 9781513544885

Keywords: Demographic transition, Population growth, Aging, Human fertility, Mortality, Migrations, Labor markets, Health care spending, Public debt, Fiscal sustainability

This Staff Discussion Note looks at the stark fiscal challenges posed by the decline and aging of populations between now and 2100. It finds that without reforms, pensions and health spending would rise to 25 perc...

Dealing with High Debt in an Era of Low Growth

Dealing with High Debt in an Era of Low Growth »

Volume/Issue: 2013/7

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): S. M. Ali Abbas , Bernardin Akitoby , Jochen Andritzky , Helge Berger , Takuji Komatsuzaki , and Justin Tyson

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 September 2013

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484316139.006

ISBN: 9781484316139

Keywords: Debt strategy, Debt reduction, Developed countries, Fiscal policy, Fiscal reforms, Monetary policy, Privatization, Public debt, General Government Debt, Public Debt Sustainability

task has become particularly challenging in European advanced economies where expectations of low growth and limits to monetary policy support are shifting the burden of adjustment onto fiscal consolidation. The SD...

Labor and Product Market Reforms in Advanced Economies
			: Fiscal Costs, Gains, and Support

Labor and Product Market Reforms in Advanced Economies : Fiscal Costs, Gains, and Support »

Volume/Issue: 2017/3

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): Angana Banerji , Valerio Crispolti , Era Dabla-Norris , Romain Duval , Christian Ebeke , Davide Furceri , Takuji Komatsuzaki , and Tigran Poghosyan

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 March 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475583977.006

ISBN: 9781475583977

Keywords: Business cycles, Developed countries, Employment, Fiscal policy, Fiscal reforms, Labor market reforms, Legislation, Fiscal Policy; Structural Reforms; Public Debt; Labor Market; Product Market; Deregulation; Employment Protection; Unemployment Benefits; Labor Tax; Active Labor Market Policy, Structural Reforms, Public Debt

Product and labor market reforms are needed to lift persistently sluggish growth in advanced economies. But reforms have progressed slowly because of concerns about their distributive and short-term economic effect...

Raising the Consumption Tax in Japan
			: Why, When, How?

Raising the Consumption Tax in Japan : Why, When, How? »

Volume/Issue: 2011/13

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): Kenneth Kang , Michael Keen , Mahmood Pradhan , and Ruud A. Mooij

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 June 2011

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781463902889.006

ISBN: 9781463902889

Keywords: Consumption taxes, Revenue measures, Japan, Tax increases, Tax revenues, Value added tax, Consumption tax, VAT, fiscal adjustment, social security

Staff Discussion Notes showcase the latest policy-related analysis and research being developed by individual IMF staff and are published to elicit comment and to further debate. These papers are generally brief an...

Reforming Fiscal Governance in the European Union

Reforming Fiscal Governance in the European Union »

Volume/Issue: 2015/9

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): Michal Andrle , John Bluedorn , Luc Eyraud , Tidiane Kinda , Petya Koeva Brooks , Gerd Schwartz , and Anke Weber

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 21 May 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498338288.006

ISBN: 9781498338288

Keywords: Fiscal reforms, Euro Area, European Economic and Monetary Union, Fiscal rules, Fiscal policy, Fiscal Governance, European Economic, Monetary Union, debt, expenditure

Successive reforms have brought many positive elements to the European Union's fiscal framework. But they have also increased its complexity. The current system involves an intricate set of fiscal constraints, whic...

Repensar la política macroeconómica II
			: Ir a los detalles

Repensar la política macroeconómica II : Ir a los detalles »

Volume/Issue: 2013/3

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): Olivier Blanchard , Giovanni Dell'Ariccia , and Paolo Mauro

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 April 2013

Language: Spanish

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484372302.006

ISBN: 9781484372302

Keywords: Monetary policy, Central banks, Inflation targeting, Liquidity, Interest rates, Capital flows, Fiscal policy, Public debt, Fiscal consolidation, Macroprudential Policy

En esta nota se examina cómo ha evolucionado el pensamiento económico con respecto a la gestión macroeconómica desde que se inició la crisis. Se analizan la evolución de la política monetaria, en particular las med...

Rethinking Macro Policy II
			: Getting Granular

Rethinking Macro Policy II : Getting Granular »

Volume/Issue: 2013/3

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): Olivier Blanchard , Giovanni Dell'Ariccia , and Paolo Mauro

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 April 2013

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484363478.006

ISBN: 9781484363478

Keywords: Financial stability, Fiscal consolidation, Central banks and their policies, Central banks, Capital flows, Public debt, Stabilization measures, Fiscal policy, Inflation targeting, Monetary policy

This note explores how the economic thinking about macroeconomic management has evolved since the crisis began. It discusses developments in monetary policy, including unconventional measures; the challenges associ...

Rethinking Macro Policy II
			: Getting Granular

Rethinking Macro Policy II : Getting Granular »

Volume/Issue: 2013/3

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): Olivier Blanchard , Giovanni Dell'Ariccia , and Paolo Mauro

Publisher: Bank of Communications/New Finance

Publication Date: 15 April 2013

Language: Chinese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484393369.006

ISBN: 9781484393369

Keywords: Monetary policy, Central banks, Inflation targeting, Liquidity, Interest rates, Capital flows, Fiscal policy, Public debt, Fiscal consolidation, Macroprudential Policy

This is a Chinese translation of "Rethinking Macro Policy II" (SDN/13/03). This note explores how the economic thinking about macroeconomic management has evolved since the crisis began. It discusses developments i...

The Fiscal Consequences of Shrinking Populations

The Fiscal Consequences of Shrinking Populations »

Volume/Issue: 2015/21

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): Benedict Clements , Kamil Dybczak , Vitor Gaspar , Sanjeev Gupta , and Mauricio Soto

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 26 October 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513544885.006

ISBN: 9781513544885

Keywords: Demographic transition, Population growth, Aging, Human fertility, Mortality, Migrations, Labor markets, Health care spending, Public debt, Fiscal sustainability

This Staff Discussion Note looks at the stark fiscal challenges posed by the decline and aging of populations between now and 2100. It finds that without reforms, pensions and health spending would rise to 25 perc...