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Appendix I Glossary of Questions and Answers

Appendix I Glossary of Questions and Answers »

Source: The Debt Sustainability Framework for Low-Income Countries

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Bergljot Barkbu , Marie-Helene Le Manchec , and Christian Beddies

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 25 February 2009

ISBN: 9781589067929

Keywords: Borrowing, Debt strategy, Debt sustainability analysis, External debt, External financing, Low-income developing countries, Multilateral debt relief initiative, HIPC Initiative, Risk management, debt sustainability

What Is the Present Value of Debt? The present value (PV) is the discounted sum of all future principal and interest (at+it), at a given discount rate (β)....

Appendix II How to Conduct a Debt Sustainability Analysis: The Case of Haiti

Appendix II How to Conduct a Debt Sustainability Analysis: The Case of Haiti »

Source: The Debt Sustainability Framework for Low-Income Countries

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Bergljot Barkbu , Marie-Helene Le Manchec , and Christian Beddies

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 25 February 2009

ISBN: 9781589067929

Keywords: Borrowing, Debt strategy, Debt sustainability analysis, External debt, External financing, Low-income developing countries, Multilateral debt relief initiative, HIPC Initiative, Risk management, debt sustainability

This appendix complements Section III by providing a hands-on example of implementing the Debt Sustainability Framework (DSF) in a particular country case (Haiti). 16 The joint IM...

5 Choice of Exchange Rate Regimes

5 Choice of Exchange Rate Regimes »

Source: The Macroeconomy of Central America

Series: Books

Author(s): Erik Offerdal , and Robert Rennhack

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 August 2004

ISBN: 9781403936523

Keywords: exchange rate, public debt, dollarization, exchange rate regime, debt service

Introduction The 20 economies in the Central America and Caribbean region (CAC) 1 share a number of common structural features. Compared with other...

Côte d'Ivoire

Côte d'Ivoire »

Source: Côte d'Ivoire : Selected Issues and Statistical Appendix

Volume/Issue: 1998/46

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 04 June 1998

ISBN: 9781451807837

Keywords: export tax, debt service, export price, producer prices, public debt

This Selected Issues paper and Statistical Appendix examines performance of Cote d'lvoire under the 1994-96 programs. The paper highlights that the government's medium-term adjustment strategy for 1994-96, which wa...

The Debt Sustainability Framework for Low-Income Countries

The Debt Sustainability Framework for Low-Income Countries »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Bergljot Barkbu , Marie-Helene Le Manchec , and Christian Beddies

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 25 February 2009

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589067929.084

ISBN: 9781589067929

Keywords: Borrowing, Debt strategy, Debt sustainability analysis, External debt, External financing, Low-income developing countries, Multilateral debt relief initiative, HIPC Initiative, Risk management, debt sustainability

Low-income countries continue to face significant challenges in meeting their vast development needs while maintaining a sustainable debt position, even after many of these countries have benefited from substantial...

Democratic Republic of the Congo

Democratic Republic of the Congo »

Source: Democratic Republic of the Congo : Selected Issues and Statistical Appendix

Volume/Issue: 2001/123

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 02 August 2001

ISBN: 9781451841145

Keywords: central bank, exports of goods, export earnings, external debt, public debt

The Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) has the third-largest land area in Africa with a population of about 50 million. This paper elaborates on specific issues concerning the economic policies of the DRC, the...

6 Financial Dollarization: What to Do About It?

6 Financial Dollarization: What to Do About It? »

Source: The Macroeconomy of Central America

Series: Books

Author(s): Erik Offerdal , and Robert Rennhack

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 August 2004

ISBN: 9781403936523

Keywords: exchange rate, public debt, dollarization, exchange rate regime, debt service

Financial dollarization in Central America Partial dollarization affects a wide set of countries across the world and has generally gained ground in recent years. The ratio of on-sho...

1 Fiscal Sustainability

1 Fiscal Sustainability »

Source: The Macroeconomy of Central America

Series: Books

Author(s): Erik Offerdal , and Robert Rennhack

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 August 2004

ISBN: 9781403936523

Keywords: exchange rate, public debt, dollarization, exchange rate regime, debt service

Introduction The overall theme of this chapter is: How concerned should policy-makers in Central America be about current levels of public sector debt? 1...

I Overview

I Overview »

Source: The Debt Sustainability Framework for Low-Income Countries

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Bergljot Barkbu , Marie-Helene Le Manchec , and Christian Beddies

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 25 February 2009

ISBN: 9781589067929

Keywords: Borrowing, Debt strategy, Debt sustainability analysis, External debt, External financing, Low-income developing countries, Multilateral debt relief initiative, HIPC Initiative, Risk management, debt sustainability

Borrowing can help achieve economic and social objectives, and debt is its consequence. Many low-income countries (LICs) require substantial external financing to reach their development objectives, and step...

II What Is Debt Sustainability and Why Does It Matter?

II What Is Debt Sustainability and Why Does It Matter? »

Source: The Debt Sustainability Framework for Low-Income Countries

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Bergljot Barkbu , Marie-Helene Le Manchec , and Christian Beddies

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 25 February 2009

ISBN: 9781589067929

Keywords: Borrowing, Debt strategy, Debt sustainability analysis, External debt, External financing, Low-income developing countries, Multilateral debt relief initiative, HIPC Initiative, Risk management, debt sustainability

The Economics of Public and External Debt When governments face resource constraints, they often resort to borrowing to finance their expenditure plans. When outlays exceed revenues,...