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1. Advanced Europe: Tackling the Sovereign Crisis

1. Advanced Europe: Tackling the Sovereign Crisis »

Source: Regional Economic Outlook, May 2011, Europe : Strengthening the Recovery

Series: Regional Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 May 2011

ISBN: 9781616350635

Keywords: current account, public finances, current account deficits, public debt, current account balances

Despite headwinds from sovereign and financial tensions, the recovery continues. But downside risks still loom large, and divergences across advanced Europe persist. To avoid a protracted period...

Annex: Data and Econometric Approaches

Annex: Data and Econometric Approaches »

Source: Regional Economic Outlook, May 2011, Europe : Strengthening the Recovery

Series: Regional Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 May 2011

ISBN: 9781616350635

Keywords: current account, public finances, current account deficits, public debt, current account balances

Estimating Equilibrium and Excessive Imbalances To separate excessive imbalances from equilibrium imbalances and thereby understand how much rebalancing is needed, a simple empirical...

Appendix 1: Can a High Share of Domestic Debt Improve Public Debt Tolerance?

Appendix 1: Can a High Share of Domestic Debt Improve Public Debt Tolerance? »

Source: Strategies for Fiscal Consolidation in the Post-Crisis World

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Mauricio Villafuerte , Cemile Sancak , Jan Gottschalk , S. M. Ali Abbas , Olivier Basdevant , Ricardo Velloso , Fuad Hasanov , Greetje Everaert , Stephanie Eble , and Junhyung Park

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 September 2010

ISBN: 9781589069374

Keywords: Developed countries, Fiscal consolidation, Emerging markets, Government expenditures, Public debt, government debt, debt ratios, debt ratio, domestic debt

This appendix presents new evidence on the impact of public debt composition on perceived debt tolerance in 60 advanced and emerging economies. Cross-country regressions of international institutional invest...

Appendix. Europe: IMF-Supported Arrangements1(As of April 12, 2011)

Appendix. Europe: IMF-Supported Arrangements1(As of April 12, 2011) »

Source: Regional Economic Outlook, May 2011, Europe : Strengthening the Recovery

Series: Regional Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 May 2011

ISBN: 9781616350635

Keywords: current account, public finances, current account deficits, public debt, current account balances

Country IMF Loan Size, Approval Date Key Objectives...

Appendix 2: Illustrative Pension Simulations for 2010–30

Appendix 2: Illustrative Pension Simulations for 2010–30 »

Source: Strategies for Fiscal Consolidation in the Post-Crisis World

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Mauricio Villafuerte , Cemile Sancak , Jan Gottschalk , S. M. Ali Abbas , Olivier Basdevant , Ricardo Velloso , Fuad Hasanov , Greetje Everaert , Stephanie Eble , and Junhyung Park

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 September 2010

ISBN: 9781589069374

Keywords: Developed countries, Fiscal consolidation, Emerging markets, Government expenditures, Public debt, government debt, debt ratios, debt ratio, domestic debt

This appendix elaborates on the methodology and assumptions behind the illustrative simulations—reported in the main text—that aim, between 2010 and 2030, to stabilize pension expenditure as a percent of GDP...

Aspects of Fiscal Performance in Some Transition Economies Under Fund-Supported Programs

Aspects of Fiscal Performance in Some Transition Economies Under Fund-Supported Programs »

Source: Aspects of Fiscal Performance in Some Transition Economies Under Fund-Supported Programs

Volume/Issue: 1997/31

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Willem Buiter

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 1997

ISBN: 9781451980073

Keywords: debt, interest, public debt, deficits, fiscal deficits

Key medium– and longer–term fiscal issues faced by transition economies are reviewed, including government solvency and the sustainability of the fiscal–financial–monetary program. The p...

Chapter 2: A Daunting Fiscal Challenge

Chapter 2: A Daunting Fiscal Challenge »

Source: Strategies for Fiscal Consolidation in the Post-Crisis World

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Mauricio Villafuerte , Cemile Sancak , Jan Gottschalk , S. M. Ali Abbas , Olivier Basdevant , Ricardo Velloso , Fuad Hasanov , Greetje Everaert , Stephanie Eble , and Junhyung Park

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 September 2010

ISBN: 9781589069374

Keywords: Developed countries, Fiscal consolidation, Emerging markets, Government expenditures, Public debt, government debt, debt ratios, debt ratio, domestic debt

The crisis has resulted in a major increase in fiscal deficits and government debt in advanced economies. Under current projections, which already assume some tightening mainly through the removal of fiscal...

Chapter 22. Albania: Building Resilience Just in Time

Chapter 22. Albania: Building Resilience Just in Time »

Source: How Emerging Europe Came Through the 2008/09 Crisis : An Account by the Staff of the IMF's European Department

Series: Books

Author(s): Bas Bakker , and Christoph Klingen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 31 August 2012

ISBN: 9781616353810

Keywords: capital inflows, public finances, fiscal policy, public debt, capital adequacy

Albania experienced two crises in little more than a decade that could not have panned out more differently: collapsing pyramid schemes in 1997 triggered widespread...

Chapter 9. Belarus: A Tale of Missed Opportunities

Chapter 9. Belarus: A Tale of Missed Opportunities »

Source: How Emerging Europe Came Through the 2008/09 Crisis : An Account by the Staff of the IMF's European Department

Series: Books

Author(s): Bas Bakker , and Christoph Klingen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 31 August 2012

ISBN: 9781616353810

Keywords: capital inflows, public finances, fiscal policy, public debt, capital adequacy

Throughout the two decades following the breakup of the former Soviet Union, Belarus retained many elements of the central planning system. It reported rapid growth...

Chapter 13. Bosnia and Herzegovina: Containing the Fallout with International Assistance

Chapter 13. Bosnia and Herzegovina: Containing the Fallout with International Assistance »

Source: How Emerging Europe Came Through the 2008/09 Crisis : An Account by the Staff of the IMF's European Department

Series: Books

Author(s): Bas Bakker , and Christoph Klingen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 31 August 2012

ISBN: 9781616353810

Keywords: capital inflows, public finances, fiscal policy, public debt, capital adequacy

The global crisis exposed the fragility of Bosnia and Herzegovina’s growth, which relied on ample foreign-financed credit, inward remittances, and donor-financed rec...