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Source: Fiscal Monitor, April 2013 : Fiscal Adjustment in an Uncertain World

Series: Fiscal Monitor

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 April 2013

ISBN: 9781475566253

Keywords: public debt, government debt, fiscal adjustment, central bank, debt ratios

CAB cyclically adjusted balance CAPB...

1. Advanced Europe: Tackling the Sovereign Crisis

1. Advanced Europe: Tackling the Sovereign Crisis »

Source: Regional Economic Outlook, May 2011, Europe : Strengthening the Recovery

Series: Regional Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 May 2011

ISBN: 9781616350635

Keywords: current account, public finances, current account deficits, public debt, current account balances

Despite headwinds from sovereign and financial tensions, the recovery continues. But downside risks still loom large, and divergences across advanced Europe persist. To avoid a protracted period...

Annex: Data and Econometric Approaches

Annex: Data and Econometric Approaches »

Source: Regional Economic Outlook, May 2011, Europe : Strengthening the Recovery

Series: Regional Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 May 2011

ISBN: 9781616350635

Keywords: current account, public finances, current account deficits, public debt, current account balances

Estimating Equilibrium and Excessive Imbalances To separate excessive imbalances from equilibrium imbalances and thereby understand how much rebalancing is needed, a simple empirical...

Appendix 1: Can a High Share of Domestic Debt Improve Public Debt Tolerance?

Appendix 1: Can a High Share of Domestic Debt Improve Public Debt Tolerance? »

Source: Strategies for Fiscal Consolidation in the Post-Crisis World

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Mauricio Villafuerte , Cemile Sancak , Jan Gottschalk , S. M. Ali Abbas , Olivier Basdevant , Ricardo Velloso , Fuad Hasanov , Greetje Everaert , Stephanie Eble , and Junhyung Park

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 September 2010

ISBN: 9781589069374

Keywords: Developed countries, Fiscal consolidation, Emerging markets, Government expenditures, Public debt, government debt, debt ratios, debt ratio, domestic debt

This appendix presents new evidence on the impact of public debt composition on perceived debt tolerance in 60 advanced and emerging economies. Cross-country regressions of international institutional invest...

Appendix. Europe: IMF-Supported Arrangements1(As of April 12, 2011)

Appendix. Europe: IMF-Supported Arrangements1(As of April 12, 2011) »

Source: Regional Economic Outlook, May 2011, Europe : Strengthening the Recovery

Series: Regional Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 May 2011

ISBN: 9781616350635

Keywords: current account, public finances, current account deficits, public debt, current account balances

Country IMF Loan Size, Approval Date Key Objectives...

Appendix 1. “Fiscal Devaluation”: What Is It—and Does It Work?

Appendix 1. “Fiscal Devaluation”: What Is It—and Does It Work? »

Source: Fiscal Monitor, September 2011 : Addressing Fiscal Challenges to Reduce Economic Risks

Series: Fiscal Monitor

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 September 2011

ISBN: 9781616352103

Keywords: debt, public debt, interest, deficits

The idea that tax reforms can mimic the effects of exchange rate devaluation is not new. For instance, the formation of the European Union prompted a recognition that moving from the taxation of goods on an...

Appendix 2: Illustrative Pension Simulations for 2010–30

Appendix 2: Illustrative Pension Simulations for 2010–30 »

Source: Strategies for Fiscal Consolidation in the Post-Crisis World

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Mauricio Villafuerte , Cemile Sancak , Jan Gottschalk , S. M. Ali Abbas , Olivier Basdevant , Ricardo Velloso , Fuad Hasanov , Greetje Everaert , Stephanie Eble , and Junhyung Park

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 September 2010

ISBN: 9781589069374

Keywords: Developed countries, Fiscal consolidation, Emerging markets, Government expenditures, Public debt, government debt, debt ratios, debt ratio, domestic debt

This appendix elaborates on the methodology and assumptions behind the illustrative simulations—reported in the main text—that aim, between 2010 and 2030, to stabilize pension expenditure as a percent of GDP...

Appendix 2. Insights for Privatization Plans from Previous Large Episodes

Appendix 2. Insights for Privatization Plans from Previous Large Episodes »

Source: Fiscal Monitor, September 2011 : Addressing Fiscal Challenges to Reduce Economic Risks

Series: Fiscal Monitor

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 September 2011

ISBN: 9781616352103

Keywords: debt, public debt, interest, deficits

This appendix analyzes past privatization episodes with a view to providing insights for current and future privatization plans. 1 While past privatizations were often motivated b...

Appendix 1. Reforming Energy Subsidies

Appendix 1. Reforming Energy Subsidies »

Source: Fiscal Monitor, April 2013 : Fiscal Adjustment in an Uncertain World

Series: Fiscal Monitor

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 April 2013

ISBN: 9781475566253

Keywords: public debt, government debt, fiscal adjustment, central bank, debt ratios

Energy subsidies are high in many emerging market economies and low-income countries because of limited pass-through of recent increases in international energy prices to domestic c...

Appendix 4. Stock-Flow Adjustments and Their Determinants

Appendix 4. Stock-Flow Adjustments and Their Determinants »

Source: Fiscal Monitor, September 2011 : Addressing Fiscal Challenges to Reduce Economic Risks

Series: Fiscal Monitor

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 September 2011

ISBN: 9781616352103

Keywords: debt, public debt, interest, deficits

Stock-flow adjustments are defined as the difference between the annual change in gross debt and the budget deficit. 1 Over the past three decades, on average, they have been posi...