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Republic of Belarus
			: Selected Issues

Republic of Belarus : Selected Issues »

Volume/Issue: 2003/119

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 April 2003

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451805123.002

ISBN: 9781451805123

Keywords: pension system, retirement age, pension reform, life expectancy, pension benefits

This Selected Issues paper reviews developments during 2001-02 in the Belarusian pension system, and discusses potential short- and medium-term reforms needed to put pension system finances on a sustainable path. T...

Increasing Dependency Ratios, Pensions, and Tax Smoothing

Increasing Dependency Ratios, Pensions, and Tax Smoothing »

Volume/Issue: 1998/129

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Vito Tanzi , and Efraim Sadka

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 1998

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451934861.001

ISBN: 9781451934861

Keywords: Dependency ratios, a pay-as-you-go, defined-benefit pension, fully funded, defined-contribution pension, tax smoothing, real exchange rate risk, pension, pension fund, pension program

The implication of increasing dependency ratios for pay-as-you-go, defined-benefit pension programs are examined. Modifications aimed at smoothing contributions while maintaining benefits intact are analyzed for bo...

Migration and Pension

Migration and Pension »

Volume/Issue: 1998/165

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Efraim Sadka , and Assaf Razin

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 1998

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451980011.001

ISBN: 9781451980011

Keywords: Low Skilled Migrants, Pay-As-You-Go Pension, Heterogenous Population, Overlapping Generations, migration, pension, pension system, pension benefit, retirement

Migrants, being relatively low earners, are net beneficiaries of the welfare state. However, this paper uses a dynamic model to show that because of migrants’ positive influence on the pension system, which...

Pension Developments and Reforms in Transition Economies

Pension Developments and Reforms in Transition Economies »

Volume/Issue: 1998/151

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Carlo Cottarelli , Luis Cubeddu , and M. Cangiano

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 1998

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451922912.001

ISBN: 9781451922912

Keywords: Pension reforms, Transition Economies, Social Protection, pension, benefits, retirement, early retirement

This paper reviews developments in pension systems in 11 transition economies during the 1990s, highlighting the forces behind their rapid weakening. It focuses on the challenges these systems face—including...

The Italian Public Pension System
			: Current Prospects and Reform Options

The Italian Public Pension System : Current Prospects and Reform Options »

Volume/Issue: 1995/33

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Patrizia Canziani , and Dimitri Demekas

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 1995

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451845150.001

ISBN: 9781451845150

Keywords: pension, benefits, retirement age, retirement

Public pension expenditure in Italy has been growing rapidly in the last three decades and is now among the highest in industrialized countries. Despite recent reforms, benefits remain generous by international sta...

The Reform of the Pension System in Italy

The Reform of the Pension System in Italy »

Volume/Issue: 1997/18

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): A. Hamann

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 1997

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451922790.001

ISBN: 9781451922790

Keywords: pension, benefits, retirement, early retirement

Italy’s pension system was reformed in August 1995. The new system has various desirable long-run properties and, overall, it represents an improvement over earlier systems. However, it fails to address two...

Increasing Dependency Ratios, Pensions, and Tax Smoothing1

Increasing Dependency Ratios, Pensions, and Tax Smoothing1 »

Source: Increasing Dependency Ratios, Pensions, and Tax Smoothing

Volume/Issue: 1998/129

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Vito Tanzi , and Efraim Sadka

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 1998

ISBN: 9781451934861

Keywords: Dependency ratios, a pay-as-you-go, defined-benefit pension, fully funded, defined-contribution pension, tax smoothing, real exchange rate risk, pension, pension fund, pension program

The implication of increasing dependency ratios for pay-as-you-go, defined-benefit pension programs are examined. Modifications aimed at smoothing contributions while maintaining benefits intact are analyzed for bo...

The Italian Public Pension System

The Italian Public Pension System »

Source: The Italian Public Pension System : Current Prospects and Reform Options

Volume/Issue: 1995/33

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Patrizia Canziani , and Dimitri Demekas

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 1995

ISBN: 9781451845150

Keywords: pension, benefits, retirement age, retirement

Public pension expenditure in Italy has been growing rapidly in the last three decades and is now among the highest in industrialized countries. Despite recent reforms, benefits remain generous by international sta...

Migration and Pension1

Migration and Pension1 »

Source: Migration and Pension

Volume/Issue: 1998/165

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Efraim Sadka , and Assaf Razin

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 1998

ISBN: 9781451980011

Keywords: Low Skilled Migrants, Pay-As-You-Go Pension, Heterogenous Population, Overlapping Generations, migration, pension, pension system, pension benefit, retirement

Migrants, being relatively low earners, are net beneficiaries of the welfare state. However, this paper uses a dynamic model to show that because of migrants’ positive influence on the pension system, which...

Pension Developments and Reforms in Transition Economies1

Pension Developments and Reforms in Transition Economies1 »

Source: Pension Developments and Reforms in Transition Economies

Volume/Issue: 1998/151

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Carlo Cottarelli , Luis Cubeddu , and M. Cangiano

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 1998

ISBN: 9781451922912

Keywords: Pension reforms, Transition Economies, Social Protection, pension, benefits, retirement, early retirement

This paper reviews developments in pension systems in 11 transition economies during the 1990s, highlighting the forces behind their rapid weakening. It focuses on the challenges these systems face—including...