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Hiding in the Shadows
			: The Growth of the Underground Economy

Hiding in the Shadows : The Growth of the Underground Economy »

Series: Economic Issues

Author(s): Dominik Enste , and Friedrich Schneider

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 August 2003

Language: Arabic

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589061538.051

ISBN: 9781589061538

Keywords: tax rates, labor force, taxation, tax revenues, tax evasion, tax rate, tax avoidance, tax system, tax compliance, pension

Examines the role of the shadow, or underground, economy. Looks at ways of measuring it, the relationship between the shadow economy and the main stream economy, why it has been growing in size, and its effects on...

The Pension Puzzle
			: Prerequisites and Policy Choices in Pension Design

The Pension Puzzle : Prerequisites and Policy Choices in Pension Design »

Series: Economic Issues

Author(s): N. Barr

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 August 2003

Language: Arabic

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589061484.051

ISBN: 9781589061484

Keywords: pension, pensions, pension systems, funded schemes, pensioners, retirement, private pensions, pension scheme, state pension, pension system

Looks at the policy choices involved in creating pension schemes, particularly whether it is advisable to move away from government pay-as-you-go pensions toward private or publicly funded plans. Examines the reaso...

World Economic Outlook, May 2001
			: Fiscal Policy and Macroeconomic Stability

World Economic Outlook, May 2001 : Fiscal Policy and Macroeconomic Stability »

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 January 2002

Language: Arabic

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589060494.081

ISBN: 9781589060494

Keywords: inflation, debt, interest, payments, deficits, external financing, inflation targeting, monetary policy, debtor countries, domestic demand

The World Economic Outlook, published twice a year in English, French, Spanish, and Arabic, presents IMF staff economists' analyses of global economic developments during the near and medium term. Chapters give an...

World Economic Outlook, May 1996
			: Focus on Fiscal Policy

World Economic Outlook, May 1996 : Focus on Fiscal Policy »

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 December 1996

Language: Arabic

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557755865.081

ISBN: 9781557755865

Keywords: debt, interest, inflation, deficits, public debt, payments, fiscal deficits, fiscal consolidation, external debt, fiscal policy

The World Economic Outlook, published twice a year in English, French, Spanish, and Arabic, presents IMF staff economists' analyses of global economic developments during the near and medium term. Chapters give an...

World Economic Outlook, September 2004
			: The Global Demographic Transition

World Economic Outlook, September 2004 : The Global Demographic Transition »

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 October 2005

Language: Arabic

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589064119.081

ISBN: 9781589064119

Keywords: debt, interest, exchange rate, oil prices, payments, inflation, public debt, external financing, external debt, pension

The World Economic Outlook, published twice a year in English, French, Spanish, and Arabic, presents IMF staff economists' analyses of global economic developments during the near and medium term. Chapters give an...