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The Challenge of Public Pension Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies

The Challenge of Public Pension Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Benedict Clements , David Coady , Frank Eich , Sanjeev Gupta , Alvar Kangur , Baoping Shang , and Mauricio Soto

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 January 2016

Language: Chinese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9787504979971.084

ISBN: 9787504979971

Keywords: Pension reforms, Developed countries, Emerging markets, Pensions, Government expenditures, Cross country analysis, emerging market economies, retirement, pensions, pension spending

Pension reform is high on the policy agenda of many advanced and emerging market economies. In advanced economies the challenge is generally to contain future increases in public pension spending as the population...

Chapter 5. Barriers to Integration for Pension Funds

Chapter 5. Barriers to Integration for Pension Funds »

Source: Financial Integration in Latin America : A New Strategy for a New Normal

Series: Books

Author(s): Charles Enoch , Wouter Bossu , Carlos Caceres , and Diva Singh

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 April 2017

ISBN: 9781513520247

Keywords: Cross-border banking, Financial integration, Latin American regional banking, commodity supercycle, fragmentation, international banking system, growth, policymaking, Latin America, regional financial integration

Pension funds are becoming increasingly important in financial markets in the LA-7 (Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Mexico, Panama, Peru, and Uruguay). The size of these pension funds has surpassed 17 percent of GD...

Chapter 3. Barriers to Integration in Banking

Chapter 3. Barriers to Integration in Banking »

Source: Financial Integration in Latin America : A New Strategy for a New Normal

Series: Books

Author(s): Charles Enoch , Wouter Bossu , Carlos Caceres , and Diva Singh

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 April 2017

ISBN: 9781513520247

Keywords: Cross-border banking, Financial integration, Latin American regional banking, commodity supercycle, fragmentation, international banking system, growth, policymaking, Latin America, regional financial integration

Banking systems are the largest financial intermediaries in the LA-7 countries (Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Mexico, Panama, Peru, and Uruguay), amounting to about 100 percent of LA-7 GDP. Brazil’s banking syste...

Chapter 6. Barriers to Integration in Capital Markets

Chapter 6. Barriers to Integration in Capital Markets »

Source: Financial Integration in Latin America : A New Strategy for a New Normal

Series: Books

Author(s): Charles Enoch , Wouter Bossu , Carlos Caceres , and Diva Singh

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 April 2017

ISBN: 9781513520247

Keywords: Cross-border banking, Financial integration, Latin American regional banking, commodity supercycle, fragmentation, international banking system, growth, policymaking, Latin America, regional financial integration

Market capitalizations in the LA-7 (Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Mexico, Panama, Peru, and Uruguay) are moderate in size by emerging market standards; however, continued growth and development will depend on imp...

Chapter 4. Barriers to Integration in the Insurance Sector

Chapter 4. Barriers to Integration in the Insurance Sector »

Source: Financial Integration in Latin America : A New Strategy for a New Normal

Series: Books

Author(s): Charles Enoch , Wouter Bossu , Carlos Caceres , and Diva Singh

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 April 2017

ISBN: 9781513520247

Keywords: Cross-border banking, Financial integration, Latin American regional banking, commodity supercycle, fragmentation, international banking system, growth, policymaking, Latin America, regional financial integration

In the countries that make up the LA-7 (Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Mexico, Panama, Peru, and Uruguay), insurance penetration (measured by premiums in percent of GDP) remains low, ranging from 1 to 4 percentage...

Chapter 2. Benefits of More Global and Regional Financial Integration in Latin America

Chapter 2. Benefits of More Global and Regional Financial Integration in Latin America »

Source: Financial Integration in Latin America : A New Strategy for a New Normal

Series: Books

Author(s): Charles Enoch , Wouter Bossu , Carlos Caceres , and Diva Singh

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 April 2017

ISBN: 9781513520247

Keywords: Cross-border banking, Financial integration, Latin American regional banking, commodity supercycle, fragmentation, international banking system, growth, policymaking, Latin America, regional financial integration

After a period of endemic economic and financial crises during the 1980s to 1990s, many Latin American countries opened up their previously closed economies to international financial institutions at the tur...

Chapter 1. Introduction

Chapter 1. Introduction »

Source: Financial Integration in Latin America : A New Strategy for a New Normal

Series: Books

Author(s): Charles Enoch , Wouter Bossu , Carlos Caceres , and Diva Singh

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 April 2017

ISBN: 9781513520247

Keywords: Cross-border banking, Financial integration, Latin American regional banking, commodity supercycle, fragmentation, international banking system, growth, policymaking, Latin America, regional financial integration

Many factors indicate that now may be the time for Latin American economies to work toward greater regional financial integration. This would not be a substitute for wider integration in the world economy; s...

Chapter 7. Legal Barriers to Regional Financial Integration in Latin America

Chapter 7. Legal Barriers to Regional Financial Integration in Latin America »

Source: Financial Integration in Latin America : A New Strategy for a New Normal

Series: Books

Author(s): Charles Enoch , Wouter Bossu , Carlos Caceres , and Diva Singh

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 April 2017

ISBN: 9781513520247

Keywords: Cross-border banking, Financial integration, Latin American regional banking, commodity supercycle, fragmentation, international banking system, growth, policymaking, Latin America, regional financial integration

Legal frameworks shape the context in which economic transactions take place, both within a given economy and between economies. Laws and regulations allow private economic agents to establish and (re)organi...

Chapter 8. Regional Initiatives to Achieve Financial Integration

Chapter 8. Regional Initiatives to Achieve Financial Integration »

Source: Financial Integration in Latin America : A New Strategy for a New Normal

Series: Books

Author(s): Charles Enoch , Wouter Bossu , Carlos Caceres , and Diva Singh

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 April 2017

ISBN: 9781513520247

Keywords: Cross-border banking, Financial integration, Latin American regional banking, commodity supercycle, fragmentation, international banking system, growth, policymaking, Latin America, regional financial integration

This chapter takes stock of existing efforts at regional financial integration. Integration initiatives have a long history in Latin America; however, many have lost momentum after initial enthusiasm. This c...

Chapter 9. Risks and Mitigation for Financial Integration

Chapter 9. Risks and Mitigation for Financial Integration »

Source: Financial Integration in Latin America : A New Strategy for a New Normal

Series: Books

Author(s): Charles Enoch , Wouter Bossu , Carlos Caceres , and Diva Singh

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 April 2017

ISBN: 9781513520247

Keywords: Cross-border banking, Financial integration, Latin American regional banking, commodity supercycle, fragmentation, international banking system, growth, policymaking, Latin America, regional financial integration

Financial integration and the resulting interconnections among financial and nonfinancial institutions provide benefits and risks for countries. As articulated in earlier chapters in this book, financial int...