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The Challenge of Public Pension Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies

The Challenge of Public Pension Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Benedict Clements , David Coady , Frank Eich , Sanjeev Gupta , Alvar Kangur , Baoping Shang , and Mauricio Soto

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 January 2016

Language: Chinese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9787504979971.084

ISBN: 9787504979971

Keywords: Pension reforms, Developed countries, Emerging markets, Pensions, Government expenditures, Cross country analysis, emerging market economies, retirement, pensions, pension spending

Pension reform is high on the policy agenda of many advanced and emerging market economies. In advanced economies the challenge is generally to contain future increases in public pension spending as the population...

Sous la protection de l'ombre
			: La croissance de l'économie souterraine

Sous la protection de l'ombre : La croissance de l'économie souterraine »

Series: Economic Issues

Author(s): Friedrich Schneider , and Dominik Enste

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 January 2003

Language: French

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589061514.051

ISBN: 9781589061514

Keywords: tax rates, labor force, taxation, tax revenues, tax evasion, tax rate, tax avoidance, tax system, tax compliance, pension

Examines the role of the shadow, or underground, economy. Looks at ways of measuring it, the relationship between the shadow economy and the main stream economy, why it has been growing in size, and its effects on...

Back Matter

Back Matter »

Source: Sous la protection de l'ombre : La croissance de l'économie souterraine

Series: Economic Issues

Author(s): Friedrich Schneider , and Dominik Enste

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 January 2003

Language: French

ISBN: 9781589061514

Keywords: tax rates, labor force, taxation, tax revenues, tax evasion, tax rate, tax avoidance, tax system, tax compliance, pension

Examines the role of the shadow, or underground, economy. Looks at ways of measuring it, the relationship between the shadow economy and the main stream economy, why it has been growing in size, and its effects on...

Front Matter

Front Matter »

Source: Sous la protection de l'ombre : La croissance de l'économie souterraine

Series: Economic Issues

Author(s): Friedrich Schneider , and Dominik Enste

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 January 2003

Language: French

ISBN: 9781589061514

Keywords: tax rates, labor force, taxation, tax revenues, tax evasion, tax rate, tax avoidance, tax system, tax compliance, pension

Examines the role of the shadow, or underground, economy. Looks at ways of measuring it, the relationship between the shadow economy and the main stream economy, why it has been growing in size, and its effects on...

Les économies de l’ombre

Les économies de l’ombre »

Source: Sous la protection de l'ombre : La croissance de l'économie souterraine

Series: Economic Issues

Author(s): Friedrich Schneider , and Dominik Enste

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 January 2003

Language: French

ISBN: 9781589061514

Keywords: tax rates, labor force, taxation, tax revenues, tax evasion, tax rate, tax avoidance, tax system, tax compliance, pension

Un ouvrier d’usine conduit le soir, après sa journée de travail, un taxi non déclaré; un plombier répare un aiyau pour un client et reçoit un paiement au comptant qu’il ne déclare p...