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An Analysis of Reserve Tranche Positions and their Use

An Analysis of Reserve Tranche Positions and their Use »

Source: An Analysis of Reserve Tranche Positions and their Use

Volume/Issue: 1988/107

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 December 1988

ISBN: 9781451946659

Keywords: reserve tranche, reserve tranche positions, balance of payments, current account, reserve assets

The IMF Working Papers series is designed to make IMF staff research available to a wide audience. Almost 300 Working Papers are released each year, covering a wide range of theoretical and analytical topics, inclu...

Are Currency Crises Predictable? A Test

Are Currency Crises Predictable? A Test »

Source: Are Currency Crises Predictable? A Test

Volume/Issue: 1998/154

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Catherine Pattillo , and Andrew Berg

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 November 1998

ISBN: 9781451857207

Keywords: Currency crises, vulnerability indicators, Asian crisis, balance of payments crises, crisis prediction, probability, probabilities, correlation, crisis index, predictions

This paper evaluates three models for predicting currency crises that were proposed before 1997. The idea is to answer the question: if we had been using these models in late 1996, how well armed would we have been...

Assessing Early Warning Systems

Assessing Early Warning Systems »

Source: Assessing Early Warning Systems : How Have they Worked in Practice?

Volume/Issue: 2004/52

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Andrew Berg , Eduardo Borensztein , and Catherine Pattillo

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2004

ISBN: 9781451847284

Keywords: vulnerability indicators, crisis prediction, forecasting accuracy, balance of payments crisis, probability, predictions, currency crisis, probabilities, Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance: Forecasting and Simulation,

Since 1999, the IMF's staff has been tracking several early-warning-system (EWS) models of currency crisis. The results have been mixed. One of the long-horizon models has performed well relative to pure guesswork...

Balance of Payments Crises Under Inflation Targeting

Balance of Payments Crises Under Inflation Targeting »

Source: Balance of Payments Crises Under Inflation Targeting

Volume/Issue: 2007/84

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Shujing Li , Isabel Yan , and Michael Kumhof

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 2007

ISBN: 9781451866483

Keywords: Balance of payments crisis, exchange rate targeting, flow speculative attack, inflation, exchange rate,

This paper analyzes a small open economy model under inflation targeting. It shows why such a monetary regime is vulnerable to speculative attacks that take place over a short period rather than instantaneously. Th...

Bank Debit Taxes in Latin America

Bank Debit Taxes in Latin America »

Source: Bank Debit Taxes in Latin America : An Analysis of Recent Trends

Volume/Issue: 2001/67

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Isaias Coelho , Victoria Perry , and Liam Ebrill

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 2001

ISBN: 9781451848908

Keywords: Financial transactions taxes, bank debit taxes, financial institutions, checks, credit, payments, stock exchange, Taxation and Subsidies: Other,

Six Latin American countries have levied taxes on withdrawals from bank accounts, which have been viewed as a convenient tax handle during a difficult fiscal period. The paper reviews the arguments for and against...

Caribbean Approaches to Economic Stabilization

Caribbean Approaches to Economic Stabilization »

Source: Caribbean Approaches to Economic Stabilization

Volume/Issue: 2000/73

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Alvin Hilaire

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2000

ISBN: 9781451849455

Keywords: stabilization, exchange rate, debt, interest, taxes, payments

In the late 1980s Barbados, Guyana, Jamaica, and Trinidad and Tobago found themselves in severe economic difficulties. Their ensuing economic strategies were all market-based, featured fiscal contraction and trade...

Central Banking Without Central Bank Money

Central Banking Without Central Bank Money »

Source: Central Banking Without Central Bank Money

Volume/Issue: 1999/92

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Alain Ize , Arto Kovanen , and Timo Henckel

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 1999

ISBN: 9781451851571

Keywords: Monetary operations, payments system, inflation targeting, central bank, central banks, monetary policy, money market

Given the rapidly declining demand for central bank reserves and their gradual replacement in wholesale payments by alternative forms of money—clearinghouse moneyand treasury money—this paper discusse...

Classifications of Countries Basedon their Level of Development

Classifications of Countries Basedon their Level of Development »

Source: Classifications of Countries Basedon their Level of Development : How it is Done and How it Could Be Done

Volume/Issue: 2011/31

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Lynge Nielsen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 2011

ISBN: 9781455216789

Keywords: Country classification systems, taxonomy, taxonomies, per capita income, balance of payments, exporting countries, Economic Development: General,

The paper analyzes how the UNDP, the World Bank, and the IMF classify countries based on their level of development. These systems are found lacking in clarity with regard to their underlying rationale. The paper a...

Compiling and Using Export and Import Price Indices1

Compiling and Using Export and Import Price Indices1 »

Source: Compiling and Using Export and Import Price Indices

Volume/Issue: 2002/230

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Kimberly Zieschang , and Jemma Dridi

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 2002

ISBN: 9781451875515

Keywords: Price index, economic statistics, customs, import price, foreign trade, balance of payments, Survey Methods,

Export and import price indices are essential for assessing the impact of international trade on the domestic economy. Among their most important uses are analyzing developments in the trade balance, measuring fore...

Crisis Prevention and Crisis Management

Crisis Prevention and Crisis Management »

Source: Crisis Prevention and Crisis Management : The Role of Regulatory Governance

Volume/Issue: 2002/163

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Udaibir Das , and Marc Quintyn

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 2002

ISBN: 9781451857948

Keywords: Regulatory governance, financial sector supervision, agency independence, accountability, integrity, financial sector crisis management, banking, payment systems, banking supervision, banking supervisors

Good regulatory governance in the financial system is a critical component of financial stability. Research on the topic has not been very systematic and deep. This paper first defines four key components of regula...