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Central Banking Without Central Bank Money

Central Banking Without Central Bank Money »

Source: Central Banking Without Central Bank Money

Volume/Issue: 1999/92

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Alain Ize , Arto Kovanen , and Timo Henckel

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 1999

ISBN: 9781451851571

Keywords: Monetary operations, payments system, inflation targeting, central bank, central banks, monetary policy, money market

Given the rapidly declining demand for central bank reserves and their gradual replacement in wholesale payments by alternative forms of money—clearinghouse moneyand treasury money—this paper discusse...

Debt Relief, Additionality, and Aid Allocation in Low Income Countries

Debt Relief, Additionality, and Aid Allocation in Low Income Countries »

Source: Debt Relief, Additionality, and Aid Allocation in Low Income Countries

Volume/Issue: 2003/175

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Robert Powell

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 2003

ISBN: 9781451858778

Keywords: low-income countries, HIPCs, additionality, debt, debt reduction, creditors, debt service payments, International Lending and Debt Problems,

This paper models the resource implications of debt relief provided to low-income countries (LICs). Obtaining debt relief does not necessarily lead to individual aid-dependent countries receiving more overall resou...

Does the SDR System Generate Permanent Resource Transfers?

Does the SDR System Generate Permanent Resource Transfers? »

Source: Does the SDR System Generate Permanent Resource Transfers?

Volume/Issue: 1988/33

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 April 1988

ISBN: 9781451979077

Keywords: reserve assets, capital markets, private capital markets, balance of payments, reserve holdings

The paper analyzes whether the SDR system generates permanent resource transfers—i.e., transfers of resources that do not involve equivalent quid pro quos. It is argued that SDR allocation only gives rise to...

The Economic Reform Process in Russia

The Economic Reform Process in Russia »

Source: The Economic Reform Process in Russia

Volume/Issue: 1993/55

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): John Odling-Smee , and Henri Lorie

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 1993

ISBN: 9781451847574

Keywords: price liberalization, privatization, enterprise reform, balance of payments, enterprise sector

Although various factors point to a more arduous and longer transition in Russia than in Eastern Europe, the broad policy approach should be similar. A necessary condition for effective macroeconomic stabilization...

A Theory of Domestic and International Trade Finance

A Theory of Domestic and International Trade Finance »

Volume/Issue: 2011/262

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): JaeBin Ahn

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 November 2011

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781463924607.001

ISBN: 9781463924607

Keywords: great trade collapse, payment system, letter of credit, screening, credit, counterparty, counterpart, Macroeconomic Aspects Of International Trade And Finance, Financial Institutions And Services,

This paper provides a theory model of trade finance to explain the "great trade collapse." The model shows that, first, the riskiness of international transactions rises relative to domestic transactions during eco...

Central Banking Without Central Bank Money

Central Banking Without Central Bank Money »

Volume/Issue: 1999/92

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Alain Ize , Arto Kovanen , and Timo Henckel

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 1999

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451851571.001

ISBN: 9781451851571

Keywords: Monetary operations, payments system, inflation targeting, central bank, central banks, monetary policy, money market

Given the rapidly declining demand for central bank reserves and their gradual replacement in wholesale payments by alternative forms of money—clearinghouse moneyand treasury money—this paper discusse...

Debt Relief, Additionality, and Aid Allocation in Low Income Countries

Debt Relief, Additionality, and Aid Allocation in Low Income Countries »

Volume/Issue: 2003/175

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Robert Powell

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 2003

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451858778.001

ISBN: 9781451858778

Keywords: low-income countries, HIPCs, additionality, debt, debt reduction, creditors, debt service payments, International Lending and Debt Problems,

This paper models the resource implications of debt relief provided to low-income countries (LICs). Obtaining debt relief does not necessarily lead to individual aid-dependent countries receiving more overall resou...

Does the SDR System Generate Permanent Resource Transfers?

Does the SDR System Generate Permanent Resource Transfers? »

Volume/Issue: 1988/33

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 April 1988

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451979077.001

ISBN: 9781451979077

Keywords: reserve assets, capital markets, private capital markets, balance of payments, reserve holdings

The paper analyzes whether the SDR system generates permanent resource transfers—i.e., transfers of resources that do not involve equivalent quid pro quos. It is argued that SDR allocation only gives rise to...

Japan's Restrictive System of Trade and Payments
			: Operation, Effectiveness, and Liberalization, 1950-1964

Japan's Restrictive System of Trade and Payments : Operation, Effectiveness, and Liberalization, 1950-1964 »

Volume/Issue: 1997/111

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Shinji Takagi

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 1997

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451853438.001

ISBN: 9781451853438

Keywords: exchange controls, exchange restrictions, Japan&;amp;#x2019;s exchange rate system, foreign exchange, balance of payments, foreign exchange budget, exchange rate

The paper summarizes how Japan’s foreign exchange and trade control system operated in the early 1950s, how and how effectively it was used as a tool of external adjustment, and how it was liberalized from t...

The Economic Reform Process in Russia

The Economic Reform Process in Russia »

Volume/Issue: 1993/55

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): John Odling-Smee , and Henri Lorie

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 1993

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451847574.001

ISBN: 9781451847574

Keywords: price liberalization, privatization, enterprise reform, balance of payments, enterprise sector

Although various factors point to a more arduous and longer transition in Russia than in Eastern Europe, the broad policy approach should be similar. A necessary condition for effective macroeconomic stabilization...