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Appendix I. Trade Liberalization Measures

Appendix I. Trade Liberalization Measures »

Source: The Russian Federation in Transition : External Developments

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Benedicte Christensen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 December 1994

ISBN: 9781557753717

Keywords: balance of payments, external debt, world market, terms of trade, debt-service obligations

Table A1. Trade Liberalization Measures Taken by Selected Industrial Countries and the European Community 1...

Appendix II. Restrictive Trade Measures

Appendix II. Restrictive Trade Measures »

Source: The Russian Federation in Transition : External Developments

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Benedicte Christensen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 December 1994

ISBN: 9781557753717

Keywords: balance of payments, external debt, world market, terms of trade, debt-service obligations

Table A2. Restrictive Trade Measures Taken by Selected Industrial Countries and the European Community...

Appendix III Trade and Price Subsidies

Appendix III Trade and Price Subsidies »

Source: The Russian Federation in Transition : External Developments

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Benedicte Christensen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 December 1994

ISBN: 9781557753717

Keywords: balance of payments, external debt, world market, terms of trade, debt-service obligations

For several years prior to the dissolution of the CMEA in 1991, the U.S.S.R. provided large implicit price subsidies, on a net basis, to the former CMEA member countries through the...

Appendix IV Financial Assistance to Russia in 1992 and 1993

Appendix IV Financial Assistance to Russia in 1992 and 1993 »

Source: The Russian Federation in Transition : External Developments

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Benedicte Christensen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 December 1994

ISBN: 9781557753717

Keywords: balance of payments, external debt, world market, terms of trade, debt-service obligations

Financial Assistance in 1992 During 1990–1991, the Government of the U.S.S.R. repeatedly requested financial assistance from Western governm...

Appendix V Statistical Appendix

Appendix V Statistical Appendix »

Source: The Russian Federation in Transition : External Developments

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Benedicte Christensen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 December 1994

ISBN: 9781557753717

Keywords: balance of payments, external debt, world market, terms of trade, debt-service obligations

Table A5. Russia’s Balance of Payments with States of the Former U.S.S.R....

Assessing the Determinants and Prospects for the Pace of Market Access by Countries Emerging from Crisis - Further Considerations

Assessing the Determinants and Prospects for the Pace of Market Access by Countries Emerging from Crisis - Further Considerations »

Source: Assessing the Determinants and Prospects for the Pace of Market Access by Countries Emerging from Crisis - Further Considerations

Volume/Issue: 2005/002

Series: Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 January 2005

ISBN: 9781498331784

Keywords: Access to foreign markets, Emerging markets, Financial crisis, International capital markets, Access to international capital markets, Market interest rates, Balance of payments, Exchange markets, international capital market, market access

This paper essentially confirms the main findings of the paper previously discussed by the Board. It (i) discusses the external conditions and the domestic economic policy stance needed for a country to reaccess in...

I. Introduction

I. Introduction »

Source: The Russian Federation in Transition : External Developments

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Benedicte Christensen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 December 1994

ISBN: 9781557753717

Keywords: balance of payments, external debt, world market, terms of trade, debt-service obligations

“It was the best of times, it was the worst of times, it was the age of wisdom, it was the age of foolishness, it was the epoch of belief, it was the age of in...

II. Macroeconomic Imbalances and Three Systemic Shocks

II. Macroeconomic Imbalances and Three Systemic Shocks »

Source: The Russian Federation in Transition : External Developments

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Benedicte Christensen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 December 1994

ISBN: 9781557753717

Keywords: balance of payments, external debt, world market, terms of trade, debt-service obligations

Balance of payments difficulties did not begin with the demise of central planning, the disintegration of the U.S.S.R., and the abolition of the CMEA trade and payments arrangements. The external situation h...

III. Balance of Payments Developments

III. Balance of Payments Developments »

Source: The Russian Federation in Transition : External Developments

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Benedicte Christensen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 December 1994

ISBN: 9781557753717

Keywords: balance of payments, external debt, world market, terms of trade, debt-service obligations

External developments in recent years can be illustrated by the net savings balance with regard to the rest of the world (Table 1). The balance on goods and nonfactor services reflects, by definition, the di...

IMF Completes First Review Under Stand-By Arrangement for Ukraine and Approves US$1.39 Billion Disbursement

IMF Completes First Review Under Stand-By Arrangement for Ukraine and Approves US$1.39 Billion Disbursement »

Source: Ukraine : First Review Under the Stand-By Arrangement, Requests for Waivers of Nonobservance and Applicability of Performance Criteria, and A Request for Rephasing of the Arrangement

Volume/Issue: 2014/263

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 02 September 2014

ISBN: 9781498364225

Keywords: public debt, balance of payments, current account, debt sustainability, current account deficit

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY The first review discussions took place in a context of heightened geopolitical tensions and deepening economic crisis. Intensification of the conflict in the East and escalation of the gas disp...