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Discriminating Contagion

Discriminating Contagion »

Source: Discriminating Contagion : An Alternative Explanation of Contagious Currency Crises in Emerging Markets

Volume/Issue: 2000/14

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Pavan Ahluwalia

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 2000

ISBN: 9781451843118

Keywords: Contagion, currency crisis, balance-of-payments, exchange rate, speculative, currency crises, real exchange rate

This paper shows that a country’s vulnerability to contagious crises depends on the visible similarities between that country and other countries that are experiencing crises. A country is vulnerable to shif...

3 Economic Adjustment, Financing, and Growth in Southeast Asia During the 1980s

3 Economic Adjustment, Financing, and Growth in Southeast Asia During the 1980s »

Source: Strategies for Structural Adjustment : The Experience of Southeast Asia, papers presented at a seminar held in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, June 28-July 1, 1989

Series: Books

Author(s): Ungku Abdul Aziz

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 March 1990

ISBN: 9781557751478

Keywords: exchange rate, structural adjustment, balance of payments, exchange rates, export earnings

The debt crisis that emerged in the early 1980s forced many countries to reconsider their development strategies. Many had embraced international borrowing as a way to boost investm...

6 Exchange Rate Policies and Management: A Model for Successful Structural Adjustment

6 Exchange Rate Policies and Management: A Model for Successful Structural Adjustment »

Source: Strategies for Structural Adjustment : The Experience of Southeast Asia, papers presented at a seminar held in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, June 28-July 1, 1989

Series: Books

Author(s): Ungku Abdul Aziz

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 March 1990

ISBN: 9781557751478

Keywords: exchange rate, structural adjustment, balance of payments, exchange rates, export earnings

Over the past two decades rising economic performance in the developing countries of East Asia has propelled the region into growing prominence and has raised important questions re...

7 Export Volatility and Stabilization in Malaysia

7 Export Volatility and Stabilization in Malaysia »

Source: Strategies for Structural Adjustment : The Experience of Southeast Asia, papers presented at a seminar held in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, June 28-July 1, 1989

Series: Books

Author(s): Ungku Abdul Aziz

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 March 1990

ISBN: 9781557751478

Keywords: exchange rate, structural adjustment, balance of payments, exchange rates, export earnings

This paper presents Malaysia's experience in responding to volatile and unstable export earnings, more generally, to the adverse external shocks arising from volatile trade and capi...

I. Introduction

I. Introduction »

Source: Macroeconomic Adjustment : Policy Instruments and Issues

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 January 1992

ISBN: 9781557753038

Keywords: exchange rate, balance of payments, money supply, external debt, exchange rate policy

Countries undertaking adjustment programs usually suffer from a broad range of economic problems. These may include: external imbalanc...

II. Monetary Policy and Financial Reform

II. Monetary Policy and Financial Reform »

Source: Macroeconomic Adjustment : Policy Instruments and Issues

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 January 1992

ISBN: 9781557753038

Keywords: exchange rate, balance of payments, money supply, external debt, exchange rate policy

1. Introduction Excessive growth in the money supply leads to high rates of spending on domestic or foreign goods. Given that domestic supply is essentially inflexible in the short r...

III. Fiscal Policy and Reform

III. Fiscal Policy and Reform »

Source: Macroeconomic Adjustment : Policy Instruments and Issues

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 January 1992

ISBN: 9781557753038

Keywords: exchange rate, balance of payments, money supply, external debt, exchange rate policy

1. Introduction The effectiveness of fiscal policy is a major factor determining macroeconomic performance. In part this follows from the size of the public sector, with Central Gove...

IMF Executive Board Concludes 2019 Article IV Consultation with Singapore

IMF Executive Board Concludes 2019 Article IV Consultation with Singapore »

Source: Singapore : 2019 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Singapore

Volume/Issue: 2019/233

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 July 2019

ISBN: 9781498326667

Keywords: Credit, Economic growth, Expenditures, Balance of payments, Gross domestic product, trade tension, MAS, percent of GDP, net lend, medium term

Singapore's macroeconomic performance has been impressive. GDP per capita more than doubled in the last twenty years and income inequality has been declining since the GFC. Policies have been aimed at boosting grow...

IMF Executive Board Concludes 2013 Article IV Consultation with Singapore

IMF Executive Board Concludes 2013 Article IV Consultation with Singapore »

Source: Singapore : Staff Report for the 2013 Article IV Consultation

Volume/Issue: 2013/328

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 November 2013

ISBN: 9781475521054

Keywords: current account, balance of payments, current account surplus, current account balance, debt servicing

This 2013 Article IV Consultation highlights that since the robust recovery from the global financial crisis, Singapore's growth momentum has eased and become more erratic. Growth decelerated to 11/4 percent in 201...

IMF Executive Board Concludes 2014 Article IV Consultation with Singapore

IMF Executive Board Concludes 2014 Article IV Consultation with Singapore »

Source: Singapore : Staff Report for the 2014 Article IV Consultation

Volume/Issue: 2014/312

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 October 2014

ISBN: 9781498331425

Keywords: current account, current account surplus, balance of payments, current account balance, domestic banks

KEY ISSUES Outlook and risks. Following an upturn in 2013, growth is expected to moderate somewhat during 2014-2015, narrowing the positive output gap. The impact of recovering demand in advanced economies is like...