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Addressing the Natural Resource Curse

Addressing the Natural Resource Curse »

Source: Addressing the Natural Resource Curse : An Illustration From Nigeria

Volume/Issue: 2003/139

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Arvind Subramanian , and Xavier Sala-i-Martin

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2003

ISBN: 9781451856064

Keywords: institutions, growth, natural resource, oil revenues, oil prices, natural gas, Economywide Country Studies: Africa, Comparative Studies of Countries, Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity, Economywide Country Studies,

Some natural resources-oil and minerals in particular-exert a negative and nonlinear impact on growth via their deleterious impact on institutional quality. We show this result to be very robust. The Nigerian exper...

Algeria

Algeria »

Source: Algeria : The Real Exchange Rate, Export Diversification, and Trade Protection

Volume/Issue: 1999/49

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Piritta Sorsa

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 1999

ISBN: 9781451846829

Keywords: Protection, growth, exchange rate, real exchange rate, trade liberalization, oil prices, trade policies

Given the tendency of the oil sector to appreciate the equilibrium real exchange rate (RER) in Algeria, trade liberalization with its depreciating impact on the RER is important for diversification of exports. This...

Booms and Slumps in World Commodity Prices

Booms and Slumps in World Commodity Prices »

Source: Booms and Slumps in World Commodity Prices

Volume/Issue: 1999/155

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): C. McDermott , Paul Cashin , and Alasdair Scott

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 November 1999

ISBN: 9781451857290

Keywords: Commodity prices, booms and slumps, cycles, duration, amplitude., london metal exchange, oil prices, commodity markets, import price

This paper examines the duration and magnitude of commodity-price cycles. It finds that for most commodities, price slumps last longer than price booms. How far prices fall in a slump is found to be slightly larger...

Caribbean Energy

Caribbean Energy »

Source: Caribbean Energy : Macro-Related Challenges

Volume/Issue: 2016/53

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Arnold McIntyre , Ahmed El-Ashram , Marcio Ronci , Julien Reynaud , Natasha Che , Ke Wang , Sebastian Acevedo Mejia , and Mark Lutz

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 March 2016

ISBN: 9781513560908

Keywords: Energy Reform, Oil Price Shocks, Renewable Energy, Energy Efficiency, PPP, energy, oil, electricity, investments, investment

High energy costs contribute to dampening Caribbean competitiveness and potential growth. This paper overviews power sector challenges and takes stock of national and regional strategies to address them. It present...

China's Impacton World Commodity Markets

China's Impacton World Commodity Markets »

Source: China's Impacton World Commodity Markets

Volume/Issue: 2012/115

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Shaun Roache

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 2012

ISBN: 9781475503364

Keywords: Oil Price, Business Cycle Fluctuations, industrial production, inventories, inventory, non-oil commodity, Business Fluctuations, And Cycles, energy,

Shocks to aggregate activity in China have a significant and persistent short-run impact on the price of oil and some base metals. In contrast, shocks to apparent commodity-specific consumption (in part reflecting...

The Composition and Distribution of Financial Assistance From Arab Countries and Arab Regional Institutions

The Composition and Distribution of Financial Assistance From Arab Countries and Arab Regional Institutions »

Source: The Composition and Distribution of Financial Assistance From Arab Countries and Arab Regional Institutions

Volume/Issue: 1990/67

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 1990

ISBN: 9781451961447

Keywords: opec, balance of payments, oil prices, multilateral institutions, multilateral organizations, The Composition and Distribution of Financial Assistance,

This paper examines the volume and distribution of concessional and nonconcessional financial flows from Arab countries, and aid agencies, and regional institutions to developing countries. Arab financial assistanc...

Crude Oil Prices

Crude Oil Prices »

Source: Crude Oil Prices : Trends and Forecast

Volume/Issue: 2008/133

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Noureddine Krichene

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 2008

ISBN: 9781451869927

Keywords: Characteristic function, crude oil prices, density forecast, Esscher transform, Fourier transform, inverse problem, normal inverse Gaussian, option prices., oil prices, probability

Following record low interest rates and fast depreciating U.S. dollar, crude oil prices became under rising pressure and seemed boundless. Oil price process parameters changed drastically in 2003M5-2007M10 toward c...

A Crude Shock

A Crude Shock »

Source: A Crude Shock : Explaining the Impact of the 2014-16 Oil Price Decline Across Exporters

Volume/Issue: 2017/160

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Francesco Grigoli , Alexander Herman , and Andrew Swiston

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 July 2017

ISBN: 9781484310175

Keywords: Event study, fundamentals, oil exporters, oil price, transmission of shocks, Economic Growth of Open Economies, Energy and the Macroeconomy

The decline in oil prices in 2014-16 was one of the sharpest in history, and put to test the resilience of oil exporters. We examine the degree to which economic fundamentals entering the oil price decline explain...

Cyclical Fiscal Rules for Oil-Exporting Countries

Cyclical Fiscal Rules for Oil-Exporting Countries »

Source: Cyclical Fiscal Rules for Oil-Exporting Countries

Volume/Issue: 2013/229

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Stephen Snudden

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 November 2013

ISBN: 9781475514018

Keywords: Fiscal policy rules, countercyclical fiscal policy, macroeconomic policy, oil price, oil, fiscal rule, fiscal authority, tax revenues, Comparative or Joint Analysis of Fiscal and Monetary or Stabilization Policy, Open Economy Macroeconomics

Structural budget-balance rules with countercyclical elements appear well suited to stabilize the macroeconomic volatility of oil-exporting countries and have been used successfully by other commodity exporters. Us...

Diagnosing Dutch Disease

Diagnosing Dutch Disease »

Source: Diagnosing Dutch Disease : Does Russia Have the Symptoms?

Volume/Issue: 2007/102

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Katerina Kalcheva , and Nienke Oomes

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 2007

ISBN: 9781451866667

Keywords: Russia, real exchange rate, transition, exchange rate, oil prices, oil sector, International Finance: General, Nonrenewable Resources and Conservation: General,

In this paper, we assess whether recent economic developments in Russia are symptomatic of Dutch Disease. We first provide a brief review of the literature on Dutch Disease and the natural resource curse. We then d...