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Borrowing Agreement with the Government of the United Kingdom

Borrowing Agreement with the Government of the United Kingdom »

Source: Borrowing Agreement with the Government of the United Kingdom

Volume/Issue: 2009/003

Series: Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 January 2009

ISBN: 9781498335560

Keywords: Borrowed resources use, Borrowing agreements, Borrowing by Fund, Executive Board decisions, Lapse of time approval, New Arrangements to Borrow, SDR interest rates, Freely usable currencies, Interest rates, Central banks

In light of the multilateral effort to ensure the adequacy of the financial resources available to the International Monetary Fund, and with a view to supporting the Fund's ability to provide timely and effective b...

The Chairman’s Concluding Remarks Fourteenth General Review of Quotas—Realigning Quota Shares—Initial Considerations Committee of the Whole on Review of Quotas Meeting 10/1 March 22, 2010

The Chairman’s Concluding Remarks Fourteenth General Review of Quotas—Realigning Quota Shares—Initial Considerations Committee of the Whole on Review of Quotas Meeting 10/1 March 22, 2010 »

Source: Fourteenth General Review of Quotas - Realigning Quota Shares - Initial Considerations

Volume/Issue: 2010/017

Series: Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 March 2010

ISBN: 9781498337762

Keywords: Developing countries, Emerging markets, Fourteenth General Review of Quotas, Quota calculations, Quota distribution, Quota formulas, Quotas, Voting power, Stocks, Exchange rates

This note provides operational guidance and background information on the use of Fund resources for budgetary financing. It does this in the context of concerns expressed by some Executive Board Directors that, by...

Extensive Margin Adjustment of Multi-Product Firm and Risk Diversification*

Extensive Margin Adjustment of Multi-Product Firm and Risk Diversification* »

Source: Extensive Margin Adjustment of Multi-Product Firm and Risk Diversification

Volume/Issue: 2017/146

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Carlos Carvalho , Gee Hee Hong , and Jing Zhou

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 June 2017

ISBN: 9781484303764

Keywords: Product scope, multi-product firms, risk diversification, firm dynamics, Asset Pricing, Business Objectives of the Firm, Firm Performance: Size, Diversification, and Scope, General

Product scope adjustment is a key mechanism through which multi-product firms achieve efficient resource allocations. In this paper, we take a novel perspective to study firms' product scope adjustment behavior thr...

Financial Inclusion and Bank Competition in Sub-Saharan Africa

Financial Inclusion and Bank Competition in Sub-Saharan Africa »

Source: Financial Inclusion and Bank Competition in Sub-Saharan Africa

Volume/Issue: 2018/256

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Azanaw Mengistu , and Hector Perez Saiz

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 December 2018

ISBN: 9781484386163

Keywords: Accounts, Competition, Financial inclusion, Financial soundness indicators, Balance sheets, Sub-Saharan Africa, financial soundness, debit cards, Business Objectives of the Firm

In this paper we study how competition and financial soundness affect financial inclusion in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). We use detailed individual-level survey data, combined with key country-level indicators of ban...

Food Inflation in Sub-Saharan Africa

Food Inflation in Sub-Saharan Africa »

Source: Food Inflation in Sub-Saharan Africa : Causes and Policy Implications

Volume/Issue: 2016/247

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Emre Alper , Niko Hobdari , and Ali Uppal

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 December 2016

ISBN: 9781475563115

Keywords: South Africa, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Rwanda, Senegal, Togo, Sub-Saharan Africa, Tanzania, Sudan, Swaziland

This paper analyzes food inflation trends in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) from 2000 to 2016 using two novel datasets of disaggregated CPI baskets. Average food inflation is higher, more volatile, and similarly persiste...

Fourteenth General Review of Quotas—Realigning Quota Shares: Initial Considerations

Fourteenth General Review of Quotas—Realigning Quota Shares: Initial Considerations »

Source: Fourteenth General Review of Quotas - Realigning Quota Shares - Initial Considerations

Volume/Issue: 2010/017

Series: Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 March 2010

ISBN: 9781498337762

Keywords: Developing countries, Emerging markets, Fourteenth General Review of Quotas, Quota calculations, Quota distribution, Quota formulas, Quotas, Voting power, Stocks, Exchange rates

This note provides operational guidance and background information on the use of Fund resources for budgetary financing. It does this in the context of concerns expressed by some Executive Board Directors that, by...

Fourteenth General Review of Quotas—Realigning Quota Shares: Initial Considerations Statistical Appendix

Fourteenth General Review of Quotas—Realigning Quota Shares: Initial Considerations Statistical Appendix »

Source: Fourteenth General Review of Quotas - Realigning Quota Shares - Initial Considerations

Volume/Issue: 2010/017

Series: Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 March 2010

ISBN: 9781498337762

Keywords: Developing countries, Emerging markets, Fourteenth General Review of Quotas, Quota calculations, Quota distribution, Quota formulas, Quotas, Voting power, Stocks, Exchange rates

This note provides operational guidance and background information on the use of Fund resources for budgetary financing. It does this in the context of concerns expressed by some Executive Board Directors that, by...

Fourteenth General Review of Quotas—Realigning Quota Shares: Initial Considerations Supplement

Fourteenth General Review of Quotas—Realigning Quota Shares: Initial Considerations Supplement »

Source: Fourteenth General Review of Quotas - Realigning Quota Shares - Initial Considerations

Volume/Issue: 2010/017

Series: Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 March 2010

ISBN: 9781498337762

Keywords: Developing countries, Emerging markets, Fourteenth General Review of Quotas, Quota calculations, Quota distribution, Quota formulas, Quotas, Voting power, Stocks, Exchange rates

This note provides operational guidance and background information on the use of Fund resources for budgetary financing. It does this in the context of concerns expressed by some Executive Board Directors that, by...

Fourteenth General Review of Quotas - Updated Data Set and Quota Calculations

Fourteenth General Review of Quotas - Updated Data Set and Quota Calculations »

Source: Fourteenth General Review of Quotas - Updated Data Set and Quota Calculations

Volume/Issue: 2010/061

Series: Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 July 2010

ISBN: 9781498337311

Keywords: Fourteenth General Review of Quotas, Quota calculations, Quota distribution, Quota formulas, Quotas, Financial statistics, Foreign exchange reserves, Price indexes, Exchange market rates, Exchange rate markets

In March 2009, the Fund established a new Framework Administered Account to administer external financial resources for selected Fund Activities (the 'SFA Instrument'). The financing of activities under the terms o...

A Governance Dividend for Sub-Saharan Africa?1

A Governance Dividend for Sub-Saharan Africa?1 »

Source: A Governance Dividend for Sub-Saharan Africa?

Volume/Issue: 2019/1

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Amine Hammadi , Marshall Mills , Nelson Sobrinho , Vimal Thakoor , and Ricardo Velloso

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 January 2019

ISBN: 9781484354872

Keywords: Zambia, Zimbabwe, Congo, Democratic Republic of the, Congo, Republic of, Rwanda, Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, South Africa, Sub-Saharan Africa

Countries in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) tend to lag those in most other regions in terms of governance and perceptions of corruption. Weak governance undermines economic performance through various channels, includin...