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De-Monopolization toward Long-Term Prosperity in China

De-Monopolization toward Long-Term Prosperity in China »

Volume/Issue: 2012/75

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ashvin Ahuja

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2012

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475502275.001

ISBN: 9781475502275

Keywords: Aggregate Productivity, monopoly, tfp, gdp per capita, competitive equilibrium, Macroeconomic Analyses of Economic Development, Economic Growth And Aggregate Productivity,

During the past decade, the average Chinese earns roughly 9 times less and is 10 times less productive than the average American at purchasing power parity. Current consensus attributes large differences in output...

Pricing Debit Card Payment Services
			: An IO Approach

Pricing Debit Card Payment Services : An IO Approach »

Volume/Issue: 2003/202

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Alexander Tieman , and Wilko Bolt

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 2003

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451874426.001

ISBN: 9781451874426

Keywords: Debit card payment systems, two-sided monopolistic pricing, social optimum, prices, pricing, payment systems, payments, monopoly, Market Structure, Firm Strategy

This paper presents a theoretical framework for analyzing pricing structures in debit card schemes featuring cardholders, retailers, their respective banks, and a network routing switch. The network routing switch...

Consolidation and Market Structure in Emerging Market Banking Systems

Consolidation and Market Structure in Emerging Market Banking Systems »

Volume/Issue: 2002/186

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): R. Gelos , and Jorge Roldos

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 November 2002

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451859478.001

ISBN: 9781451859478

Keywords: market structure, Panzar and Rosse methodology, contestability, monopolistic competition, banking systems, monopoly, Oligopoly and Other Imperfect Markets, Economics of Regulation,

This paper examines the evolution of market structure in emerging market banking systems during the 1990s. While significant bank consolidation has been taking place in these countries, reflected in a sharp decline...

Trade and Trade Policies in Eastern and Southern Africa

Trade and Trade Policies in Eastern and Southern Africa »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Arvind Subramanian

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 September 2000

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557759429.084

ISBN: 9781557759429

Keywords: trade liberalization, monopoly, trade taxes, export taxes, export performance

Since the early 1990s, many countries in sub-Saharan Africa have made significant progress in opening their economies to external competition through trade and currency liberalization. This paper analyzes trade and...