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3. Foreign Exchange Market Intervention: How Good a Defense Against Appreciation Winds?

3. Foreign Exchange Market Intervention: How Good a Defense Against Appreciation Winds? »

Source: Regional Economic Outlook, April 2011, Western Hemisphere : Watching Out for Overheating

Series: Regional Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Western Hemisphere Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 May 2011

ISBN: 9781616350659

Keywords: inflation, exchange rate, central bank, foreign exchange, monetary policy

Emerging markets have increasingly relied on foreign exchange intervention to confront currency appreciation pressures arising from “easy external financing conditions.”Focusing on the last seve...

Global Financial Regulatory Reform

Global Financial Regulatory Reform »

Source: Global Financial Regulatory Reform : Implications for Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC)

Volume/Issue: 2009/19

Series: IMF Staff Position Notes

Author(s): Robert Rennhack

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 21 July 2009

ISBN: 9781462378791

Keywords: Financial institutions, Financial systems, Bank reforms, Bank regulations, Banking sector, Bank supervision, Basel Core Principles, Caribbean, Central banks, Governance

The Latin America and Caribbean (LAC) region has weathered the global financial crisis reasonably well so far, although tighter global financial conditions began to take their toll on trade, capital flows and econo...

1. Global, U.S., and Canadian Outlook

1. Global, U.S., and Canadian Outlook »

Source: Regional Economic Outlook, April 2011, Western Hemisphere : Watching Out for Overheating

Series: Regional Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Western Hemisphere Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 May 2011

ISBN: 9781616350659

Keywords: inflation, exchange rate, central bank, foreign exchange, monetary policy

The global economy continues to expand, though heterogeneity and downside risks persist. The recovery in most advanced economies—where output remains below trend—is proceeding on...

I. Overview: Navigating Financial Turbulence

I. Overview: Navigating Financial Turbulence »

Source: Regional Economic Outlook, April 2008, Western Hemisphere

Series: Regional Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Western Hemisphere Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 April 2008

ISBN: 9781589067165

Keywords: inflation, commodity prices, monetary policy, terms of trade, inflation-targeting

1. U.S. and Global Outlook: Financial Shocks Weakening Prospects The global slowdown is largely attributable to developments in the advanced economies and, in particular, the United...

II. Latin American Linkages to Global Financial Market Turbulence

II. Latin American Linkages to Global Financial Market Turbulence »

Source: Regional Economic Outlook, April 2008, Western Hemisphere

Series: Regional Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Western Hemisphere Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 April 2008

ISBN: 9781589067165

Keywords: inflation, commodity prices, monetary policy, terms of trade, inflation-targeting

Resilience So Far, but Global Context Weak As described in Chapter 1, the region’s financial markets have so far been much less affected by the global turmoil originating in the Unit...

III. World Commodity Prices and LAC Inflation

III. World Commodity Prices and LAC Inflation »

Source: Regional Economic Outlook, April 2008, Western Hemisphere

Series: Regional Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Western Hemisphere Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 April 2008

ISBN: 9781589067165

Keywords: inflation, commodity prices, monetary policy, terms of trade, inflation-targeting

Inflation Is Rising Across the LAC Region As discussed in Chapter 1, the recent surge in inflation poses a risk for what is perhaps the region’s most important macroeconomic accompli...

Two Targets, Two Instruments
			: Monetary and Exchange Rate Policies in Emerging Market Economies

Two Targets, Two Instruments : Monetary and Exchange Rate Policies in Emerging Market Economies »

Volume/Issue: 2012/1

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): Jonathan Ostry , Atish Ghosh , and Marcos Chamon

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 29 February 2012

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475503623.006

ISBN: 9781475503623

Keywords: Emerging markets, Exchange rate policy, Central banks, Inflation targeting, Foreign exchange intervention, Monetary policy, exchange rate, inflation, central bank, foreign exchange

Staff Discussion Notes showcase the latest policy-related analysis and research being developed by individual IMF staff and are published to elicit comment and to further debate. These papers are generally brief an...

Global Financial Regulatory Reform
			: Implications for Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC)

Global Financial Regulatory Reform : Implications for Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC) »

Volume/Issue: 2009/19

Series: IMF Staff Position Notes

Author(s): Robert Rennhack

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 21 July 2009

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781462378791.004

ISBN: 9781462378791

Keywords: Financial institutions, Financial systems, Bank reforms, Bank regulations, Banking sector, Bank supervision, Basel Core Principles, Caribbean, Central banks, Governance

The Latin America and Caribbean (LAC) region has weathered the global financial crisis reasonably well so far, although tighter global financial conditions began to take their toll on trade, capital flows and econo...

Output Gap Uncertainty and Real-Time Monetary Policy

Output Gap Uncertainty and Real-Time Monetary Policy »

Volume/Issue: 2015/14

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Francesco Grigoli , Alexander Herman , Andrew Swiston , and Gabriel Di Bella

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 January 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498393454.001

ISBN: 9781498393454

Keywords: Output gap, policy rule, data revisions, real-time, uncertainty, inflation target, business cycle, output, future, Monetary Policy (Targets

Output gap estimates are subject to a wide range of uncertainty owing to data revisions and the difficulty in distinguishing between cycle and trend in real time. This is important given the central role in monetar...

Main Economic Indicators

Main Economic Indicators »

Source: Regional Economic Outlook, April 2008, Western Hemisphere

Series: Regional Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Western Hemisphere Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 April 2008

ISBN: 9781589067165

Keywords: inflation, commodity prices, monetary policy, terms of trade, inflation-targeting

Output Growth Inflation External Current Account...