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Accounting Devices and Fiscal Illusions1

Accounting Devices and Fiscal Illusions1 »

Source: Accounting Devices and Fiscal Illusions

Volume/Issue: 2012/2

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): Timothy Irwin

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 March 2012

ISBN: 9781475502640

Keywords: Fiscal consolidation, Fiscal rules, Fiscal reporting, accounting, deficit, revenue, debt, investment

This proposed SDN surveys the various accounting stratagems which governments have used to meet fiscal targets-thereby sidestepping the need for true adjustment-and suggests remedial actions to limit this type of f...

Ambiguity, Transparency, and Institutional Strength

Ambiguity, Transparency, and Institutional Strength »

Source: Ambiguity, Transparency, and Institutional Strength

Volume/Issue: 2004/115

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): S. Erbas

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2004

ISBN: 9781451853896

Keywords: risk, Knightian uncertainty, vertical and horizontal integration, institutions, probability, probabilities, investors, investment decisions, expected value, Analysis of Collective Decision-Making: General

Institutional transparency makes future contingencies more easily predictable for investors. Greater transparency can be achieved through vertical and horizontal integration of policy rules, which may result in low...

APPENDIX 3. Alternative Approaches to Accounting for Risk Transfer

APPENDIX 3. Alternative Approaches to Accounting for Risk Transfer »

Source: Public-Private Partnerships, Government Guarantees, and Fiscal Risk

Series: IMF Special Issues

Author(s): M. Cangiano , Barry Anderson , Max Alier , Murray Petrie , and Richard Hemming

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 April 2006

ISBN: 9781589064935

Keywords: Public investment, Privatization, contingent liabilities, accounting standards, debt sustainability

When PPPs result in limited risk transfer to the government, Eurostat and a number of countries classify PPP assets as government assets. Although this is not the ideal way to proce...

APPENDIX 1. Country Experiences with PPPs

APPENDIX 1. Country Experiences with PPPs »

Source: Public-Private Partnerships, Government Guarantees, and Fiscal Risk

Series: IMF Special Issues

Author(s): M. Cangiano , Barry Anderson , Max Alier , Murray Petrie , and Richard Hemming

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 April 2006

ISBN: 9781589064935

Keywords: Public investment, Privatization, contingent liabilities, accounting standards, debt sustainability

This appendix provides an overview of experiences with PPPs in Chile, Ireland, South Africa, and the United Kingdom. Chile 79...

APPENDIX 5. International Accounting and Reporting Standards for Contingent Liabilities

APPENDIX 5. International Accounting and Reporting Standards for Contingent Liabilities »

Source: Public-Private Partnerships, Government Guarantees, and Fiscal Risk

Series: IMF Special Issues

Author(s): M. Cangiano , Barry Anderson , Max Alier , Murray Petrie , and Richard Hemming

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 April 2006

ISBN: 9781589064935

Keywords: Public investment, Privatization, contingent liabilities, accounting standards, debt sustainability

International Accounting Standards International accounting standards specify the treatment of guarantees and other contingent liabilities for governm...

APPENDIX 4. Modeling and Estimating the Value of Government Guarantees in Chile

APPENDIX 4. Modeling and Estimating the Value of Government Guarantees in Chile »

Source: Public-Private Partnerships, Government Guarantees, and Fiscal Risk

Series: IMF Special Issues

Author(s): M. Cangiano , Barry Anderson , Max Alier , Murray Petrie , and Richard Hemming

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 April 2006

ISBN: 9781589064935

Keywords: Public investment, Privatization, contingent liabilities, accounting standards, debt sustainability

This appendix outlines the analytical approaches to modeling and estimating guarantees used in Chile and reports the results. The World Bank has provided technical assistance to the...

APPENDIX 2. The Government Finance Statistics Manual 2001 Analytical Framework

APPENDIX 2. The Government Finance Statistics Manual 2001 Analytical Framework »

Source: Public-Private Partnerships, Government Guarantees, and Fiscal Risk

Series: IMF Special Issues

Author(s): M. Cangiano , Barry Anderson , Max Alier , Murray Petrie , and Richard Hemming

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 April 2006

ISBN: 9781589064935

Keywords: Public investment, Privatization, contingent liabilities, accounting standards, debt sustainability

The GFSM 2001 analytical framework is a set of well-defined relationships that formally integrate flows and stocks. More specifically, the government’s opening and closing balance s...

Assessing the Impact of a Change in the Composition of Public Spending

Assessing the Impact of a Change in the Composition of Public Spending »

Source: Assessing the Impact of a Change in the Composition of Public Spending : A DSGE Approach

Volume/Issue: 2007/168

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ivan Tchakarov , and Roland Straub

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2007

ISBN: 9781451867329

Keywords: Public consumption, DSGE models, private investment, private capital, competitive markets, budget constraint,

Despite intense calls for safeguarding public investment in Europe, public investment expenditure, when measured in relation to GDP, has steadily fallen in the last three decades, evoking fears that economic activi...

Asymmetric Effects of the Financial Crisis

Asymmetric Effects of the Financial Crisis »

Source: Asymmetric Effects of the Financial Crisis : Collateral-Based Investment-Cash Flow Sensitivity Analysis

Volume/Issue: 2012/97

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Vadim Khramov

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 2012

ISBN: 9781475502879

Keywords: Asymmetric Effects, Investment-Cash Flow Sensitivity, cash flow, investment-cash flow sensitivities, pre-crisis,

This paper uses the financial crisis of 2008 as a natural experiment to demonstrate that when measuring investment-cash flow sensitivity, the value of a firm's assets that can be used as collateral should be taken...

Balance of Payments Reporting for Transactions of the European Monetary Cooperation Fund

Balance of Payments Reporting for Transactions of the European Monetary Cooperation Fund »

Source: Report on the Measurement of International Capital Flows : Background Papers

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 June 1992

ISBN: 9781557753205

Keywords: direct investment, international capital flows, balance of payments, international capital

In its investigation into global capital account discrepancies, the Working Party on the Measurement of International Capital Flows examined the European Monetary System (EMS), the...