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Appendices

Appendices »

Source: Fiscal Monitor, April 2011 : Shifting Gears - Tackling Challenges on the Road to Fiscal Adjustment

Series: Fiscal Monitor

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 April 2011

ISBN: 9781616351403

Keywords: debt, tax, emerging economies, interest, advanced economies

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Appendix 3 Assessinǵ Fiscal Sustainability Risks: Derivinǵ a Fiscal Sustainability Risk Map

Appendix 3 Assessinǵ Fiscal Sustainability Risks: Derivinǵ a Fiscal Sustainability Risk Map »

Source: Fiscal Monitor, April 2011 : Shifting Gears - Tackling Challenges on the Road to Fiscal Adjustment

Series: Fiscal Monitor

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 April 2011

ISBN: 9781616351403

Keywords: debt, tax, emerging economies, interest, advanced economies

Assessing a country’s susceptibility to fiscal sustainability risks requires tracking a number of internal and external factors. The methodology elaborated in this appendix presents...

Appendix 5 Containing Tax Expenditures

Appendix 5 Containing Tax Expenditures »

Source: Fiscal Monitor, April 2011 : Shifting Gears - Tackling Challenges on the Road to Fiscal Adjustment

Series: Fiscal Monitor

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 April 2011

ISBN: 9781616351403

Keywords: debt, tax, emerging economies, interest, advanced economies

Rolling back tax expenditures can make a critical contribution to meeting the needs for fiscal consolidation in many countries while also improving the efficiency and fairness of th...

Appendix 1. “Fiscal Devaluation”: What Is It—and Does It Work?

Appendix 1. “Fiscal Devaluation”: What Is It—and Does It Work? »

Source: Fiscal Monitor, September 2011 : Addressing Fiscal Challenges to Reduce Economic Risks

Series: Fiscal Monitor

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 September 2011

ISBN: 9781616352103

Keywords: debt, public debt, interest, deficits

The idea that tax reforms can mimic the effects of exchange rate devaluation is not new. For instance, the formation of the European Union prompted a recognition that moving from the taxation of goods on an...

Appendix 2 Fiscal Transparency Under Pressure

Appendix 2 Fiscal Transparency Under Pressure »

Source: Fiscal Monitor, April 2011 : Shifting Gears - Tackling Challenges on the Road to Fiscal Adjustment

Series: Fiscal Monitor

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 April 2011

ISBN: 9781616351403

Keywords: debt, tax, emerging economies, interest, advanced economies

As governments seek to cut their debts and deficits in coming years, they may be tempted to supplement genuine fiscal adjustment with accounting stratagems. This happened during ear...

Appendix 2. Insights for Privatization Plans from Previous Large Episodes

Appendix 2. Insights for Privatization Plans from Previous Large Episodes »

Source: Fiscal Monitor, September 2011 : Addressing Fiscal Challenges to Reduce Economic Risks

Series: Fiscal Monitor

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 September 2011

ISBN: 9781616352103

Keywords: debt, public debt, interest, deficits

This appendix analyzes past privatization episodes with a view to providing insights for current and future privatization plans. 1 While past privatizations were often motivated b...

Appendix 4. Stock-Flow Adjustments and Their Determinants

Appendix 4. Stock-Flow Adjustments and Their Determinants »

Source: Fiscal Monitor, September 2011 : Addressing Fiscal Challenges to Reduce Economic Risks

Series: Fiscal Monitor

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 September 2011

ISBN: 9781616352103

Keywords: debt, public debt, interest, deficits

Stock-flow adjustments are defined as the difference between the annual change in gross debt and the budget deficit. 1 Over the past three decades, on average, they have been posi...

APPENDIX 1 Tacklinǵ the Challenǵe of Health Care Reform in Advanced Economies

APPENDIX 1 Tacklinǵ the Challenǵe of Health Care Reform in Advanced Economies »

Source: Fiscal Monitor, April 2011 : Shifting Gears - Tackling Challenges on the Road to Fiscal Adjustment

Series: Fiscal Monitor

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 April 2011

ISBN: 9781616351403

Keywords: debt, tax, emerging economies, interest, advanced economies

This appendix (drawing from IMF, 2010a) discusses approaches to contain “excess cost growth”: the rise in public health spending over GDP in excess of what is due to population agin...

Appendix 3. The Importance of Monitoring Both Gross and Net Debt

Appendix 3. The Importance of Monitoring Both Gross and Net Debt »

Source: Fiscal Monitor, September 2011 : Addressing Fiscal Challenges to Reduce Economic Risks

Series: Fiscal Monitor

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 September 2011

ISBN: 9781616352103

Keywords: debt, public debt, interest, deficits

In view of sizable variation in the level of sovereign assets across countries and over time, it is important to consider both gross and net debt when conducting analysis of fiscal policy and its sustainabil...

Appendix 4 What Failed and What Worked in Past Attempts at Fiscal Adjustment

Appendix 4 What Failed and What Worked in Past Attempts at Fiscal Adjustment »

Source: Fiscal Monitor, April 2011 : Shifting Gears - Tackling Challenges on the Road to Fiscal Adjustment

Series: Fiscal Monitor

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 April 2011

ISBN: 9781616351403

Keywords: debt, tax, emerging economies, interest, advanced economies

A systematic and comprehensive analysis of past adjustment plans and their outcomes provides useful insights for fiscal consolidation going forward: although today’s circumstances m...