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Appendix 1. “Fiscal Devaluation”: What Is It—and Does It Work?

Appendix 1. “Fiscal Devaluation”: What Is It—and Does It Work? »

Source: Fiscal Monitor, September 2011 : Addressing Fiscal Challenges to Reduce Economic Risks

Series: Fiscal Monitor

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 September 2011

ISBN: 9781616352103

Keywords: debt, public debt, interest, deficits

The idea that tax reforms can mimic the effects of exchange rate devaluation is not new. For instance, the formation of the European Union prompted a recognition that moving from the taxation of goods on an...

Appendix 2. Insights for Privatization Plans from Previous Large Episodes

Appendix 2. Insights for Privatization Plans from Previous Large Episodes »

Source: Fiscal Monitor, September 2011 : Addressing Fiscal Challenges to Reduce Economic Risks

Series: Fiscal Monitor

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 September 2011

ISBN: 9781616352103

Keywords: debt, public debt, interest, deficits

This appendix analyzes past privatization episodes with a view to providing insights for current and future privatization plans. 1 While past privatizations were often motivated b...

Appendix 4. Stock-Flow Adjustments and Their Determinants

Appendix 4. Stock-Flow Adjustments and Their Determinants »

Source: Fiscal Monitor, September 2011 : Addressing Fiscal Challenges to Reduce Economic Risks

Series: Fiscal Monitor

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 September 2011

ISBN: 9781616352103

Keywords: debt, public debt, interest, deficits

Stock-flow adjustments are defined as the difference between the annual change in gross debt and the budget deficit. 1 Over the past three decades, on average, they have been posi...

Appendix 3. The Importance of Monitoring Both Gross and Net Debt

Appendix 3. The Importance of Monitoring Both Gross and Net Debt »

Source: Fiscal Monitor, September 2011 : Addressing Fiscal Challenges to Reduce Economic Risks

Series: Fiscal Monitor

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 September 2011

ISBN: 9781616352103

Keywords: debt, public debt, interest, deficits

In view of sizable variation in the level of sovereign assets across countries and over time, it is important to consider both gross and net debt when conducting analysis of fiscal policy and its sustainabil...

7. Conclusion

7. Conclusion »

Source: Fiscal Monitor, September 2011 : Addressing Fiscal Challenges to Reduce Economic Risks

Series: Fiscal Monitor

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 September 2011

ISBN: 9781616352103

Keywords: debt, public debt, interest, deficits

Taking all of these developments together, and viewed from the perspective of the Fiscal Sustainability Risk Map presented in the April 2011 Fiscal Monitor, there is an increasing divergence between developm...

6. Confronting Trade-Offs: Accommodating Spending Pressures in Low-Income Countries

6. Confronting Trade-Offs: Accommodating Spending Pressures in Low-Income Countries »

Source: Fiscal Monitor, September 2011 : Addressing Fiscal Challenges to Reduce Economic Risks

Series: Fiscal Monitor

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 September 2011

ISBN: 9781616352103

Keywords: debt, public debt, interest, deficits

The progress in restoring fiscal buffers drawn on during the 2009 crisis in low-income economies has slowed, and many of these countries confront difficult trade-offs. Following some strengthening in 2010, h...

Fiscal Monitor, September 2011
			: Addressing Fiscal Challenges to Reduce Economic Risks

Fiscal Monitor, September 2011 : Addressing Fiscal Challenges to Reduce Economic Risks »

Series: Fiscal Monitor

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 September 2011

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781616352103.089

ISBN: 9781616352103

Keywords: debt, public debt, interest, deficits

Despite progress in addressing key fiscal weaknesses in many countries, significant policy challenges remain in advanced, emerging, and low-income economies, and must be faced in an environment where downside risks...

Back Matter

Back Matter »

Source: Fiscal Monitor, September 2011 : Addressing Fiscal Challenges to Reduce Economic Risks

Series: Fiscal Monitor

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 September 2011

ISBN: 9781616352103

Keywords: debt, public debt, interest, deficits

Despite progress in addressing key fiscal weaknesses in many countries, significant policy challenges remain in advanced, emerging, and low-income economies, and must be faced in an environment where downside risks...

Front Matter

Front Matter »

Source: Fiscal Monitor, September 2011 : Addressing Fiscal Challenges to Reduce Economic Risks

Series: Fiscal Monitor

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 September 2011

ISBN: 9781616352103

Keywords: debt, public debt, interest, deficits

Despite progress in addressing key fiscal weaknesses in many countries, significant policy challenges remain in advanced, emerging, and low-income economies, and must be faced in an environment where downside risks...

1. Introduction

1. Introduction »

Source: Fiscal Monitor, September 2011 : Addressing Fiscal Challenges to Reduce Economic Risks

Series: Fiscal Monitor

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 September 2011

ISBN: 9781616352103

Keywords: debt, public debt, interest, deficits

Global fiscal risks remain very high, stemming from several unresolved, interrelated challenges: Sustainability and market sentiment in the euro area....