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Appendix 1. “Fiscal Devaluation”: What Is It—and Does It Work?

Appendix 1. “Fiscal Devaluation”: What Is It—and Does It Work? »

Source: Fiscal Monitor, September 2011 : Addressing Fiscal Challenges to Reduce Economic Risks

Series: Fiscal Monitor

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 September 2011

ISBN: 9781616352103

Keywords: debt, public debt, interest, deficits

The idea that tax reforms can mimic the effects of exchange rate devaluation is not new. For instance, the formation of the European Union prompted a recognition that moving from the taxation of goods on an...

Appendix 2. Insights for Privatization Plans from Previous Large Episodes

Appendix 2. Insights for Privatization Plans from Previous Large Episodes »

Source: Fiscal Monitor, September 2011 : Addressing Fiscal Challenges to Reduce Economic Risks

Series: Fiscal Monitor

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 September 2011

ISBN: 9781616352103

Keywords: debt, public debt, interest, deficits

This appendix analyzes past privatization episodes with a view to providing insights for current and future privatization plans. 1 While past privatizations were often motivated b...

Appendix 4. Stock-Flow Adjustments and Their Determinants

Appendix 4. Stock-Flow Adjustments and Their Determinants »

Source: Fiscal Monitor, September 2011 : Addressing Fiscal Challenges to Reduce Economic Risks

Series: Fiscal Monitor

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 September 2011

ISBN: 9781616352103

Keywords: debt, public debt, interest, deficits

Stock-flow adjustments are defined as the difference between the annual change in gross debt and the budget deficit. 1 Over the past three decades, on average, they have been posi...

Appendix 3. The Importance of Monitoring Both Gross and Net Debt

Appendix 3. The Importance of Monitoring Both Gross and Net Debt »

Source: Fiscal Monitor, September 2011 : Addressing Fiscal Challenges to Reduce Economic Risks

Series: Fiscal Monitor

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 September 2011

ISBN: 9781616352103

Keywords: debt, public debt, interest, deficits

In view of sizable variation in the level of sovereign assets across countries and over time, it is important to consider both gross and net debt when conducting analysis of fiscal policy and its sustainabil...

Balance of Payments Statistics Yearbook, 1999

Balance of Payments Statistics Yearbook, 1999 »

Series: Balance of Payments Statistics

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Statistics Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 December 1999

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557758187.044

ISBN: 9781557758187

Keywords: payments, liabilities, debt, portfolio investment, loans, bonds, debt securities, financial derivatives, money market, equity securities

The BOPS Yearbook, usually published in December, contains balance of payments statistics for most of the world, compiled in accordance with the IMF's Balance of Payments Manual. Part 1 includes aggregate as well a...

Can Contingent Convertibles Help Private Asset Managers Fund Their Acquisition of Non-Performing Loans from Portuguese Banks?

Can Contingent Convertibles Help Private Asset Managers Fund Their Acquisition of Non-Performing Loans from Portuguese Banks? »

Source: Can Contingent Convertibles Help Private Asset Managers Fund Their Acquisition of Non-Performing Loans from Portuguese Banks?

Volume/Issue: 2019/99

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Andre Santos

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 May 2019

ISBN: 9781498312080

Keywords: Financial soundness indicators, Bank capital, Financial crises, Credit, Interest rates, Asset managers, contingent convertibles, asset pricing, nonperforming loans, AMs

This paper analyzes the capital structure of private asset managers in which the acquisition of nonperforming loans (NPLs) is funded with Contingent Convertibles (CoCos) placed with investors. The paper develops a...

7. Conclusion

7. Conclusion »

Source: Fiscal Monitor, September 2011 : Addressing Fiscal Challenges to Reduce Economic Risks

Series: Fiscal Monitor

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 September 2011

ISBN: 9781616352103

Keywords: debt, public debt, interest, deficits

Taking all of these developments together, and viewed from the perspective of the Fiscal Sustainability Risk Map presented in the April 2011 Fiscal Monitor, there is an increasing divergence between developm...

6. Confronting Trade-Offs: Accommodating Spending Pressures in Low-Income Countries

6. Confronting Trade-Offs: Accommodating Spending Pressures in Low-Income Countries »

Source: Fiscal Monitor, September 2011 : Addressing Fiscal Challenges to Reduce Economic Risks

Series: Fiscal Monitor

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 September 2011

ISBN: 9781616352103

Keywords: debt, public debt, interest, deficits

The progress in restoring fiscal buffers drawn on during the 2009 crisis in low-income economies has slowed, and many of these countries confront difficult trade-offs. Following some strengthening in 2010, h...

Default in Today's Advanced Economies

Default in Today's Advanced Economies »

Source: Default in Today's Advanced Economies : Unnecessary, Undesirable, and Unlikely

Volume/Issue: 2010/12

Series: IMF Staff Position Notes

Author(s): Carlo Cottarelli , Paolo Mauro , Lorenzo Forni , and Jan Gottschalk

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 2010

ISBN: 9781455261307

Keywords: Debt restructuring, Developed countries, Budget deficits, Exchange rate adjustments, Public debt, Public finance, Sovereign debt, Interest rates, Fiscal adjustment, debt

This note summarizes the main arguments put forward by some market commentators who argue that default is inevitable, and presents a rebuttal for each argument in turn. Their main arguments focus on the size of the...

Fiscal Monitor, September 2011
			: Addressing Fiscal Challenges to Reduce Economic Risks

Fiscal Monitor, September 2011 : Addressing Fiscal Challenges to Reduce Economic Risks »

Series: Fiscal Monitor

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 September 2011

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781616352103.089

ISBN: 9781616352103

Keywords: debt, public debt, interest, deficits

Despite progress in addressing key fiscal weaknesses in many countries, significant policy challenges remain in advanced, emerging, and low-income economies, and must be faced in an environment where downside risks...