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Annex I The Spillover Effects of Government Debt

Annex I The Spillover Effects of Government Debt »

Source: World Economic Outlook, May 1996 : Focus on Fiscal Policy

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 May 1996

ISBN: 9781557755674

Keywords: debt, interest, inflation, deficits, public debt

Increasing capital market integration has expanded the markets in which governments can sell their debt. In principle, this provides greater scope for governments to smooth taxation and spending, and for cou...

Annex II Macroeconomic and Structural Adjustment in the Middle East and North Africa

Annex II Macroeconomic and Structural Adjustment in the Middle East and North Africa »

Source: World Economic Outlook, May 1996 : Focus on Fiscal Policy

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 May 1996

ISBN: 9781557755674

Keywords: debt, interest, inflation, deficits, public debt

The economies of the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region offer striking contrasts with considerable variations in per capita incomes and underlying economic structures. 1 M...

Annex: IMF Executive Board Discussion of the Outlook, September 2012

Annex: IMF Executive Board Discussion of the Outlook, September 2012 »

Source: World Economic Outlook, October 2012 : Coping with High Debt and Sluggish Growth

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 October 2012

ISBN: 9781616353896

Keywords: Budget estimates, Adjustment process, Commodity prices, Debt reduction, Euro, public debt, fiscal consolidation, current account, inflation

The following remarks were made by the Acting Chair at the conclusion of the Executive Board’s discussion of the World Economic Outlook, Global Financial Stability R...

Appendix I. Advantages of Borrowing from the Central Bank

Appendix I. Advantages of Borrowing from the Central Bank »

Source: Limiting Central Bank Credit to the Government : Theory and Practice

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Carlo Cottarelli

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 September 1993

ISBN: 9781557753588

Keywords: central bank, current account, monetary policy, inflation, central banks

This appendix addresses two issues. First, under what conditions borrowing from the central bank is more convenient for the government than borrowing from the market. Second, under...

Appendix II Relevance of Institutional Constraints

Appendix II Relevance of Institutional Constraints »

Source: Limiting Central Bank Credit to the Government : Theory and Practice

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Carlo Cottarelli

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 September 1993

ISBN: 9781557753588

Keywords: central bank, current account, monetary policy, inflation, central banks

The issue of whether institutional constraints, including those on central bank credit, can be effective in preserving central bank independence has always been highly controversial...

Appendix III Central Bank Credit to the Government in 57 Countries

Appendix III Central Bank Credit to the Government in 57 Countries »

Source: Limiting Central Bank Credit to the Government : Theory and Practice

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Carlo Cottarelli

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 September 1993

ISBN: 9781557753588

Keywords: central bank, current account, monetary policy, inflation, central banks

This appendix presents some factual information on how formal constraints on central bank credit to the government are regulated in a sample of 57 countries. The sample includes all...

Chapter 2 Country and Regional Perspectives

Chapter 2 Country and Regional Perspectives »

Source: World Economic Outlook, October 2012 : Coping with High Debt and Sluggish Growth

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 October 2012

ISBN: 9781616353896

Keywords: Budget estimates, Adjustment process, Commodity prices, Debt reduction, Euro, public debt, fiscal consolidation, current account, inflation

Global growth slowed again during the second quarter of 2012 after rebounding during the first. The slowing has been observed in all regions. This synchronicity suggests an importan...

Chapter 1 Global Prospects and Policies

Chapter 1 Global Prospects and Policies »

Source: World Economic Outlook, October 2012 : Coping with High Debt and Sluggish Growth

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 October 2012

ISBN: 9781616353896

Keywords: Budget estimates, Adjustment process, Commodity prices, Debt reduction, Euro, public debt, fiscal consolidation, current account, inflation

The global economy has deteriorated further since the release of the July 2012 WEO Update, and growth projections have been marked down (Table 1.1). Downside risks are now judged to...

Chapter 4 Resilience In Emerging Market And Developing Economies: Will It Last?

Chapter 4 Resilience In Emerging Market And Developing Economies: Will It Last? »

Source: World Economic Outlook, October 2012 : Coping with High Debt and Sluggish Growth

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 October 2012

ISBN: 9781616353896

Keywords: Budget estimates, Adjustment process, Commodity prices, Debt reduction, Euro, public debt, fiscal consolidation, current account, inflation

Many emerging market and developing economies have done well over the past decade and through the global financial crisis. Will this last? This chapter documents the...

Chapter 3 The Good, the Bad, and the Ugly: 100 Years of Dealing with Public Debt Overhangs

Chapter 3 The Good, the Bad, and the Ugly: 100 Years of Dealing with Public Debt Overhangs »

Source: World Economic Outlook, October 2012 : Coping with High Debt and Sluggish Growth

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 October 2012

ISBN: 9781616353896

Keywords: Budget estimates, Adjustment process, Commodity prices, Debt reduction, Euro, public debt, fiscal consolidation, current account, inflation

Throughout the past century, numerous advanced economies have faced public debt burdens as high, or higher, than those prevailing today. They responded with a wide v...