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Egypt
			: Beyond Stabilization. Toward a Dynamic Market Economy

Egypt : Beyond Stabilization. Toward a Dynamic Market Economy »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Howard Handy

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 1998

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557757203.084

ISBN: 9781557757203

Keywords: inflation, capital inflows, privatization, exchange rate, foreign currency

Determined macroeconomic policy, combined with favorable external developments, has reduced inflation, improved public finances, led to a stable currency, and helped strengthen the banking system in Egypt. Nonethel...

Back Matter

Back Matter »

Source: Egypt : Beyond Stabilization. Toward a Dynamic Market Economy

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Howard Handy

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 1998

ISBN: 9781557757203

Keywords: inflation, capital inflows, privatization, exchange rate, foreign currency

Determined macroeconomic policy, combined with favorable external developments, has reduced inflation, improved public finances, led to a stable currency, and helped strengthen the banking system in Egypt. Nonethel...

Front Matter

Front Matter »

Source: Egypt : Beyond Stabilization. Toward a Dynamic Market Economy

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Howard Handy

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 1998

ISBN: 9781557757203

Keywords: inflation, capital inflows, privatization, exchange rate, foreign currency

Determined macroeconomic policy, combined with favorable external developments, has reduced inflation, improved public finances, led to a stable currency, and helped strengthen the banking system in Egypt. Nonethel...

I Introduction

I Introduction »

Source: Egypt : Beyond Stabilization. Toward a Dynamic Market Economy

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Howard Handy

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 1998

ISBN: 9781557757203

Keywords: inflation, capital inflows, privatization, exchange rate, foreign currency

By the standards of recent experience with economic stabilization, Egypt in the 1990s is a remarkable success story. Determined macroeconomic policy, together with some favorable external developments, has b...

I Introduction and Summary

I Introduction and Summary »

Source: IMF Conditionality : Experience Under Stand-by and Extended Arrangements, Part I: Key Issues and Findings

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Louis Dicks-Mireaux , Miguel Savastano , Adam Bennett , María Carkovic S. , Mauro Mecagni , James John , and Susan Schadler

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 26 September 1995

ISBN: 9781557754929

Keywords: inflation, terms of trade, capital inflows, exchange rate, real interest rates

Events of the late 1980s and early 1990s created an unusually high demand for IMF financial resources. The strains in the international economy during the 1980s—a sharp reduction in spontaneous external fina...

I Stabilization in the Baltic Countries: Early Experience

I Stabilization in the Baltic Countries: Early Experience »

Source: Road Maps of the Transition : The Baltics, the Czech Republic, Hungary, and Russia

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Michael Marrese , Mark Lutz , Tapio Saavalainen , Vincent Koen , Biswajit Banerjee , and Thomas Krueger

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 26 September 1995

ISBN: 9781557755193

Keywords: inflation, exchange rate, monetary policy, monetary fund, capital inflows

In mid-1992, each of the Baltic countries adopted comprehensive stabilization and reform programs. Economic conditions were very difficult; real output was falling sharply, and prices were soaring. To a larg...

II A Historical Examination of Growth, Investment, and Saving

II A Historical Examination of Growth, Investment, and Saving »

Source: Egypt : Beyond Stabilization. Toward a Dynamic Market Economy

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Howard Handy

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 1998

ISBN: 9781557757203

Keywords: inflation, capital inflows, privatization, exchange rate, foreign currency

Egypt’s growth performance has been uneven. After growing rapidly during the 1970s and first half of the 1980s, output decelerated and generally fell short of population growth rates. Economic growth has rec...

II The Setting for Adjustment: Initial Positions and Global Environment

II The Setting for Adjustment: Initial Positions and Global Environment »

Source: IMF Conditionality : Experience Under Stand-by and Extended Arrangements, Part I: Key Issues and Findings

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Louis Dicks-Mireaux , Miguel Savastano , Adam Bennett , María Carkovic S. , Mauro Mecagni , James John , and Susan Schadler

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 26 September 1995

ISBN: 9781557754929

Keywords: inflation, terms of trade, capital inflows, exchange rate, real interest rates

Almost without exception, the initial positions of the countries under review were dire. Most were suffering the effects of long-standing institutional and structural weaknesses, fiscal excesses, and deficie...

II The Transformation Path in the Czech Republic

II The Transformation Path in the Czech Republic »

Source: Road Maps of the Transition : The Baltics, the Czech Republic, Hungary, and Russia

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Michael Marrese , Mark Lutz , Tapio Saavalainen , Vincent Koen , Biswajit Banerjee , and Thomas Krueger

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 26 September 1995

ISBN: 9781557755193

Keywords: inflation, exchange rate, monetary policy, monetary fund, capital inflows

It is a common perception that among Central and East European countries the Czech Republic has been most successful to date in moving to a market-oriented economy. Macroeconomic developments, especially as...

III Current Fiscal Situation and Medium-Term Outlook

III Current Fiscal Situation and Medium-Term Outlook »

Source: Egypt : Beyond Stabilization. Toward a Dynamic Market Economy

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Howard Handy

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 1998

ISBN: 9781557757203

Keywords: inflation, capital inflows, privatization, exchange rate, foreign currency

Fiscal consolidation has been a cornerstone of Egypt’s successful stabilization. 9 Over the recent period, new revenue sources were tapped while expenditures were curtailed, parti...