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The Case for a Long-Run Inflation Target of Four Percent

The Case for a Long-Run Inflation Target of Four Percent »

Source: The Case for a Long-Run Inflation Target of Four Percent

Volume/Issue: 2014/92

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Laurence Ball

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 June 2014

ISBN: 9781498395601

Keywords: Inflation Target, percent inflation, central bank, Monetary Policy (Targets, Instruments, and Effects),

Many central banks target an inflation rate near two percent. This essay argues that policymakers would do better to target four percent inflation. A four percent target would ease the constraints on monetary polic...

Central Bank Financial Strength in Central America and the Dominican Republic

Central Bank Financial Strength in Central America and the Dominican Republic »

Source: Central Bank Financial Strength in Central America and the Dominican Republic

Volume/Issue: 2014/87

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Andrew Swiston , Florencia Frantischek , Przemek Gajdeczka , and Alexander Herman

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 May 2014

ISBN: 9781484387368

Keywords: central bank, inflation, monetary fund, monetary policy, Institutions and the Macroeconomy, Monetary Policy (Targets, Instruments, and Effects),

This paper examines the financial strength of central banks in Central America and the Dominican Republic (CADR). Some central banks are working off the effects of intervention in distressed financial institutions...

Commodity Price Shocks and Imperfectly Credible Macroeconomic Policies in Commodity-Exporting Small Open Economies

Commodity Price Shocks and Imperfectly Credible Macroeconomic Policies in Commodity-Exporting Small Open Economies »

Source: Commodity Price Shocks and Imperfectly Credible Macroeconomic Policies in Commodity-Exporting Small Open Economies

Volume/Issue: 2014/33

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Juan Pablo Medina Guzman , and Claudio Soto

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 February 2014

ISBN: 9781484306390

Keywords: imperfect credibility, inflation, central bank, monetary policy transparency, monetary authority, Monetary Policy (Targets, Instruments, and Effects), General,

In this paper, we analyze how lack of credibility and transparency of monetary and fiscal policies undermines the effectiveness of macroeconomic policies to isolate the economy from commodity price fluctuations. We...

Disagreement about Future Inflation: Understanding the Benefits of Inflation Targeting and Transparency

Disagreement about Future Inflation: Understanding the Benefits of Inflation Targeting and Transparency »

Source: Disagreement about Future Inflation: Understanding the Benefits of Inflation Targeting and Transparency

Volume/Issue: 2018/25

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Steve Brito , Yan Carriere-Swallow , and Bertrand Gruss

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 25 January 2018

ISBN: 9781484339718

Keywords: Inflation targeting, Central banks and their policies, central bank transparency, inflation forecasts, Monetary Policy (Targets, Instruments, and Effects), Forecasting and Other Model Applications

We estimate the determinants of disagreement about future inflation in a large and diverse sample of countries, focusing on the role of monetary policy frameworks. We offer novel insights that allow us to reconcile...

Does the Clarity of Inflation Reports Affect Volatility in Financial Markets?1

Does the Clarity of Inflation Reports Affect Volatility in Financial Markets?1 »

Source: Does the Clarity of Inflation Reports Affect Volatility in Financial Markets?

Volume/Issue: 2014/175

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ales Bulir , Martin Cihak , and David-Jan Jansen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 September 2014

ISBN: 9781498392914

Keywords: central bank communication, clarity, inflation reports, volatility, central bank, monetary policy, financial market, Financial Markets and the Macroeconomy, Monetary Policy (Targets, Instruments

We study whether clarity of central bank inflation reports affects return volatility in financial markets. We measure clarity of reports by the Czech National Bank, the European Central Bank, the Bank of England, a...

Expectations' Anchoring and Inflation Persistence*

Expectations' Anchoring and Inflation Persistence* »

Source: Expectations' Anchoring and Inflation Persistence

Volume/Issue: 2018/280

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Rudolfs Bems , Francesca Caselli , Francesco Grigoli , Bertrand Gruss , and Weicheng Lian

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 December 2018

ISBN: 9781484388846

Keywords: Inflation expectations, Inflation persistence, Anchoring, credibility, terms of trade, Monetary Policy (Targets, Instruments, and Effects)

Understanding the sources of inflation persistence is crucial for monetary policy. This paper provides an empirical assessment of the influence of inflation expectations' anchoring on the persistence of inflation....

Food Inflation in India

Food Inflation in India »

Source: Food Inflation in India : The Role for Monetary Policy

Volume/Issue: 2014/178

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Rahul Anand , Ding Ding , and Volodymyr Tulin

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 September 2014

ISBN: 9781484392096

Keywords: food inflation, monetary fund, inflation dynamics, real interest rate, Monetary Policy (Targets, Instruments, and Effects), Forecasting and Simulation, Fiscal and Monetary Policy in Development,

Indian food and fuel inflation has remained high for several years, and second-round effects on core inflation are estimated to be large. This paper estimates the size of second-round effects using an estimated red...

Forecasting and Monetary Policy Analysis in Low-Income Countries

Forecasting and Monetary Policy Analysis in Low-Income Countries »

Source: Forecasting and Monetary Policy Analysis in Low-Income Countries : Food and non-Food Inflation in Kenya

Volume/Issue: 2013/61

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Michal Andrle , Andrew Berg , R. Morales , Rafael Portillo , and Jan Vlcek

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 March 2013

ISBN: 9781475537444

Keywords: Low-Income Countries, inflation, central bank, relative price, relative prices, Monetary Policy (Targets, Instruments, and Effects), Forecasting and Simulation, Fiscal and Monetary Policy in Development,

We develop a semi-structural new-Keynesian open-economy model, with separate food and non-food inflation dynamics, for forecasting and monetary policy analysis in low-income countries and apply it to Kenya. We use...

Frontiers of Monetary Policymaking

Frontiers of Monetary Policymaking »

Source: Frontiers of Monetary Policymaking : Adding the Exchange Rate as a Tool to Combat Deflationary Risks in the Czech Republic

Volume/Issue: 2015/74

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ali Alichi , Jaromir Benes , Joshua Felman , Irene Feng , Charles Freedman , Douglas Laxton , Evan Tanner , David Vavra , and Hou Wang

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 2015

ISBN: 9781475532371

Keywords: Inflation-Forecast Targeting, exchange rate tool, zero lower bound, forward guidance, central bank communications, inflation, exchange, exchange rate, interest, Monetary Policy (Targets

The paper first describes how the Czech National Bank (CNB) moved gradually from a fixed exchange rate regime to the frontiers of Inflation-Forecast Targeting. It then focuses on the CNB's recent experience in addi...

Getting to Know GIMF

Getting to Know GIMF »

Source: Getting to Know GIMF : The Simulation Properties of the Global Integrated Monetary and Fiscal Model

Volume/Issue: 2013/55

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Derek Anderson , Benjamin Hunt , Mika Kortelainen , Michael Kumhof , Douglas Laxton , Dirk Muir , Susanna Mursula , and Stephen Snudden

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 February 2013

ISBN: 9781475559415

Keywords: business cycle, fiscal multipliers, general equilibrium models, interest rates, macroeconomic interdependence, policy effects, simulation, inflation, real interest rate, real interest rates

The Global Integrated Monetary and Fiscal model (GIMF) is a multi-region, forward-looking, DSGE model developed by the Economic Modeling Division of the IMF for policy analysis and international economic research....