Browse

You are looking at 1 - 10 of 38 items :

  • Books and Analytical Papers x
  • Occasional Papers x
  • Keywords: expenditures x
  • Keywords: government expenditure x
Clear All
The Challenge of Public Pension Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies

The Challenge of Public Pension Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Benedict Clements , David Coady , Frank Eich , Sanjeev Gupta , Alvar Kangur , Baoping Shang , and Mauricio Soto

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 January 2016

Language: Chinese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9787504979971.084

ISBN: 9787504979971

Keywords: Pension reforms, Developed countries, Emerging markets, Pensions, Government expenditures, Cross country analysis, emerging market economies, retirement, pensions, pension spending

Pension reform is high on the policy agenda of many advanced and emerging market economies. In advanced economies the challenge is generally to contain future increases in public pension spending as the population...

The Challenge of Public Pension Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies

The Challenge of Public Pension Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Benedict Clements , David Coady , Frank Eich , Sanjeev Gupta , Alvar Kangur , Baoping Shang , and Mauricio Soto

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 25 January 2013

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781616354138.084

ISBN: 9781616354138

Keywords: Cross country analysis, Developed countries, Emerging markets, Government expenditures, Pension reforms, Pensions, pension, retirement, pension spending, public pension

Pension reform is high on the policy agenda of many advanced and emerging market economies. In advanced economies the challenge is generally to contain future increases in public pension spending as the population...

Considerations for Pension Reform

Considerations for Pension Reform »

Source: The Challenge of Public Pension Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Benedict Clements , David Coady , Frank Eich , Sanjeev Gupta , Alvar Kangur , Baoping Shang , and Mauricio Soto

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 25 January 2013

ISBN: 9781616354138

Keywords: Cross country analysis, Developed countries, Emerging markets, Government expenditures, Pension reforms, Pensions, pension, retirement, pension spending, public pension

Pension reforms should (1) contribute to fiscal consolidation efforts, (2) address equity issues, and (3) support economic growth. The objective of public pensions is to provide retirement income security wi...

The Fiscal Dimensions of Adjustment in Low-Income Countries

The Fiscal Dimensions of Adjustment in Low-Income Countries »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Sanjeev Gupta , Claire Liuksila , Henri Lorie , Walter Mahler , and Karim Nashashibi

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 June 1992

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557752291.084

ISBN: 9781557752291

Keywords: Budgetary reforms, Government expenditures, Structural adjustment, Tax administration, Tax reforms, Taxation, expenditure, fiscal adjustment, capital expenditure, tax revenue

A strengthened fiscal position is at the core of most economic adjustment programs supported by IMF lending, especially for the poorer countries that draw on the IMF's structural adjustment facilities. This paper r...

Historical Trends in Public Pension Expenditures

Historical Trends in Public Pension Expenditures »

Source: The Challenge of Public Pension Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Benedict Clements , David Coady , Frank Eich , Sanjeev Gupta , Alvar Kangur , Baoping Shang , and Mauricio Soto

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 25 January 2013

ISBN: 9781616354138

Keywords: Cross country analysis, Developed countries, Emerging markets, Government expenditures, Pension reforms, Pensions, pension, retirement, pension spending, public pension

This chapter analyzes historical trends in public pension spending in advanced and emerging market economies. These trends must be observed against the backdrop of gradual population aging. During 1970–2010...

Hong Kong SAR
			: Meeting the Challenges of Integration with the Mainland

Hong Kong SAR : Meeting the Challenges of Integration with the Mainland »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): William Lee , Jorge Chan-Lau , Dora Iakova , Papa N'Diaye , Tao Wang , Ida Liu , Hong Liang , and Eswar Prasad

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 February 2004

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589062948.084

ISBN: 9781589062948

Keywords: Economic conditions, Hong Kong SAR, prices, wage, expenditure, wages, government expenditure

This Occasional Paper provides an overview of the main challenges facing Hong Kong SAR as it continues to become more closely integrated with the mainland of China. Section I provides an overview of recent macroeco...

Front Matter

Front Matter »

Source: Hong Kong SAR : Meeting the Challenges of Integration with the Mainland

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): William Lee , Jorge Chan-Lau , Dora Iakova , Papa N'Diaye , Tao Wang , Ida Liu , Hong Liang , and Eswar Prasad

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 February 2004

ISBN: 9781589062948

Keywords: Economic conditions, Hong Kong SAR, prices, wage, expenditure, wages, government expenditure

This Occasional Paper provides an overview of the main challenges facing Hong Kong SAR as it continues to become more closely integrated with the mainland of China. Section I provides an overview of recent macroeco...

I Introduction

I Introduction »

Source: The Fiscal Dimensions of Adjustment in Low-Income Countries

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Sanjeev Gupta , Claire Liuksila , Henri Lorie , Walter Mahler , and Karim Nashashibi

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 June 1992

ISBN: 9781557752291

Keywords: Budgetary reforms, Government expenditures, Structural adjustment, Tax administration, Tax reforms, Taxation, expenditure, fiscal adjustment, capital expenditure, tax revenue

Fiscal adjustment is at the core of most programs supported by IMF lending arrangements and has been particularly important in programs supported by the structural adjustment facility and enhanced structural...

I Introduction and Some Conclusions1

I Introduction and Some Conclusions1 »

Source: International Comparisons of Government Expenditure

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Peter Heller , and Alan Tait

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 April 1982

ISBN: 9781557750747

Keywords: expenditure, government expenditure, public expenditure, expenditures, capital expenditure

Many studies on international tax comparisons have been undertaken since the early 1970s. 2 While controversial, such studies have facilitated more...

I Overview

I Overview »

Source: Hong Kong SAR : Meeting the Challenges of Integration with the Mainland

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): William Lee , Jorge Chan-Lau , Dora Iakova , Papa N'Diaye , Tao Wang , Ida Liu , Hong Liang , and Eswar Prasad

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 February 2004

ISBN: 9781589062948

Keywords: Economic conditions, Hong Kong SAR, prices, wage, expenditure, wages, government expenditure

Hong Kong, Special Administrative Region (Hong Kong SAR) enjoyed impressive economic growth, high levels of income, and close-to-full employment for years until the Asian crisis of...