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Are Laws Needed for Public Management Reforms? An International Comparison

Are Laws Needed for Public Management Reforms? An International Comparison »

Source: Are Laws Needed for Public Management Reforms? An International Comparison

Volume/Issue: 2005/62

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ian Lienert

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2005

ISBN: 9781451860818

Keywords: public management, budget, law, decree, performance, civil servants, financial management, external audit, decentralization, budget systems

There has been widespread adoption of new laws to support new public management. In many countries that have implemented comprehensive and deep reforms, new or amended laws have fundamentally changed the role of th...

The Challenge of Public Pension Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies

The Challenge of Public Pension Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Benedict Clements , David Coady , Frank Eich , Sanjeev Gupta , Alvar Kangur , Baoping Shang , and Mauricio Soto

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 January 2016

Language: Chinese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9787504979971.084

ISBN: 9787504979971

Keywords: Pension reforms, Developed countries, Emerging markets, Pensions, Government expenditures, Cross country analysis, emerging market economies, retirement, pensions, pension spending

Pension reform is high on the policy agenda of many advanced and emerging market economies. In advanced economies the challenge is generally to contain future increases in public pension spending as the population...

The Determinants and Efficiency of Local Authority Spending in England*

The Determinants and Efficiency of Local Authority Spending in England* »

Source: The Determinants and Efficiency of Local Authority Spending in England

Volume/Issue: 1991/9

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): James Gordon , and Tamim Bayoumi

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1991

ISBN: 9781451927108

Keywords: local government, local government expenditure, government expenditure, local authority, local government spending

This paper analyzes the efficiency and determinants of local authority expenditure in England during 1989/90. The capitalization of local spending in house prices is used as a test of efficiency, and it is found th...

Does Fiscal Policy Matter for the Trade Account? A Panel Cointegration Study

Does Fiscal Policy Matter for the Trade Account? A Panel Cointegration Study »

Source: Does Fiscal Policy Matter for the Trade Account? A Panel Cointegration Study

Volume/Issue: 2006/147

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Christiane Nickel , and Katja Funke

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2006

ISBN: 9781451864076

Keywords: trade account, trade elasticities, panel cointegration, expenditure, government expenditure, equations, cointegration, equation, Open Economy Macroeconomics,

This paper analyzes the empirical relationship between fiscal policy and the trade account. Research prior to this paper did not consider that the components of private and public demand in the import demand equati...

Economic Determinants of Government Subsidies

Economic Determinants of Government Subsidies »

Source: Economic Determinants of Government Subsidies

Volume/Issue: 1998/166

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Benedict Clements , Hugo Rodríguez , and Gerd Schwartz

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 1998

ISBN: 9781451979664

Keywords: government subsidies, government expenditures, subsidies, expenditures, expenditure, subsidy, government expenditure

The paper studies the economic determinants of government subsidies using panel data for 40 countries over 18 years (from 1975 to 1992) and finds that individual country-specific factors play a sizeable role in det...

Fiscal Expectations Under the Stability and Growth Pact

Fiscal Expectations Under the Stability and Growth Pact »

Source: Fiscal Expectations Under the Stability and Growth Pact : Evidence from Survey Data

Volume/Issue: 2011/48

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Marcos Poplawski-Ribeiro , and Jan-Christoph Rülke

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2011

ISBN: 9781455218943

Keywords: credibility, Stability and Growth Pact, survey data, budget deficit, survey, fiscal authorities, fiscal forecasts, equation, Structure, Scope

The paper uses survey data to analyze whether financial market expectations on government budget deficits changed in France, Germany, Italy, and the United Kingdom during the period of the Stability and Growth Pact...

The Growth of Government and the Reform of the State in Industrial Countries*

The Growth of Government and the Reform of the State in Industrial Countries* »

Source: The Growth of Government and the Reform of the State in Industrial Countries

Volume/Issue: 1995/130

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ludger Schuknecht , and Vito Tanzi

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 1995

ISBN: 9781451933857

Keywords: expenditure, public expenditure, public spending, government expenditure, social expenditure

This paper describes the growth of public spending in industrial countries over the past century. It identifies several periods: the periods between 1870 and 1913; the period between the two World Wars; the post Wo...

I Introduction and Some Conclusions1

I Introduction and Some Conclusions1 »

Source: International Comparisons of Government Expenditure

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Peter Heller , and Alan Tait

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 April 1982

ISBN: 9781557750747

Keywords: expenditure, government expenditure, public expenditure, expenditures, capital expenditure

Many studies on international tax comparisons have been undertaken since the early 1970s. 2 While controversial, such studies have facilitated more...

II Conceptual Issues

II Conceptual Issues »

Source: International Comparisons of Government Expenditure

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Peter Heller , and Alan Tait

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 April 1982

ISBN: 9781557750747

Keywords: expenditure, government expenditure, public expenditure, expenditures, capital expenditure

One can make hypotheses about the identity of the factors that are likely to influence spending in a given functional sector, and the significance of such factors can be empirically...

III Determinants of Shares in Gross Domestic Product of Functional Expenditure Categories

III Determinants of Shares in Gross Domestic Product of Functional Expenditure Categories »

Source: International Comparisons of Government Expenditure

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Peter Heller , and Alan Tait

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 April 1982

ISBN: 9781557750747

Keywords: expenditure, government expenditure, public expenditure, expenditures, capital expenditure

Introduction This section discusses the specification of the equations to predict the shares in GDP of each category of functional expenditure. The econometric results appear in Tabl...