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Assessing Reserve Adequacy

Assessing Reserve Adequacy »

Source: Assessing Reserve Adequacy

Volume/Issue: 2011/008

Series: Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 February 2011

ISBN: 9781498339360

Keywords: Flexible exchange rate policy, Interest rate differential, Foreign exchange market volatility, Sovereign wealth funds, International monetary system, AMs, WEO, traditional metrics, adequacy, short-term debt

The dramatic increase in reserves holdings over the past decade has resumed since the global financial crisis, even at an accelerated pace. While the crisis has heightened perceptions of the importance of holding a...

Criteria for Broadening the SDR Currency Basket

Criteria for Broadening the SDR Currency Basket »

Source: Criteria for Broadening the SDR Currency Basket

Volume/Issue: 2011/077

Series: Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 September 2011

ISBN: 9781498338448

Keywords: Basket of currencies, Foreign exchange, International monetary system, Reserves, SDR valuation basket, Freely usable currencies, SDR interest rate basket, Currency swaps, Exchange rate policy, international transaction

The paper explores the pros and cons of maintaining the current 'freely usable currency' criterion, and clarifies indicators for assessing it. The freely usable concept and its two key elements-currencies should be...

2017 External Sector Report

2017 External Sector Report »

Source: 2017 External Sector Report

Volume/Issue: 2017/045

Series: Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.;International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept;International Monetary Fund. Western Hemisphere Dept.;International Monetary Fund. Strategy, Policy, & Review Department;International Monetary Fund. Secretary's Department;International Monetary Fund. Monetary and Capital Markets Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 July 2017

ISBN: 9781498346597

Keywords: Capital account, Capital flows, Commodity prices, Cross country analysis, Current account balances, Developed countries, Emerging markets, Exchange rates, External sector, External Sector Report

Global current account imbalances were broadly unchanged in 2016, with minor shifts adding to the reconfiguration under way since 2013. The fall in commodity prices, uneven cyclical recoveries in systemic economies...

2017 External Sector Report—Individual Economy Assessments

2017 External Sector Report—Individual Economy Assessments »

Source: 2017 External Sector Report Individual Economy Assessments

Volume/Issue: 2017/046

Series: Policy Papers

Author(s): International Working Group on External Debt Statistics;International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.;International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept;International Monetary Fund. Western Hemisphere Dept.;International Monetary Fund. Strategy, Policy, & Review Department;International Monetary Fund. Secretary's Department;International Monetary Fund. Monetary and Capital Markets Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 July 2017

ISBN: 9781498346603

Keywords: Capital flows, Cross country analysis, Current account, Developed countries, Emerging markets, External sector, External Sector Report, Foreign exchange intervention, Real effective exchange rates, External sector assessment

The external sector assessments use a wide range of methods, including the External Balance Assessment (EBA) developed by the IMF's Research Department to estimate desired current account balances and real exchange...

2016 External Sector Report - Individual Economy Assessments

2016 External Sector Report - Individual Economy Assessments »

Source: 2016 External Sector Report - Individual Economy Assessments

Volume/Issue: 2016/004

Series: Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 January 2016

ISBN: 9781498345521

Keywords: Capital account, Capital flows, Cross country analysis, Current account, Developed countries, Emerging markets, External sector, External Sector Report, Foreign exchange, Intervention

The external sector assessments use a wide range of methods, including the External Balance Assessment (EBA) developed by the IMF's Research Department to estimate desired current account balances and real exchange...

2015 External Sector Report - Individual Economy Assessments

2015 External Sector Report - Individual Economy Assessments »

Source: 2015 External Sector Report - Individual Economy Assessments

Volume/Issue: 2015/035

Series: Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 29 June 2015

ISBN: 9781498344357

Keywords: Capital account, Capital flows, Cross country analysis, Current account, Developed countries, Emerging markets, External sector, External Sector Report, Foreign exchange, Intervention

The external sector assessments use a wide range of methods, including the External Balance Assessment (EBA) developed by the IMF's Research Department to estimate desired current account balances and real exchange...

Guidance Note on Post Program Monitoring

Guidance Note on Post Program Monitoring »

Source: Guidance Note on Post Program Monitoring

Volume/Issue: 2017/008

Series: Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Strategy, Policy, & Review Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 02 March 2017

ISBN: 9781498347112

Keywords: External sector, Financial markets, Fiscal policy, Foreign exchange, Financial systems, PPM, staff report, article IV, adequacy, medium-term

operational guidance to staff on the implementation of post-program monitoring (PPM). It is based on the policy paper Strengthening the Framework for Post-Program Monitoring and the related Board discussion and sum...

IMF Executive Board Discusses the 2017 External Sector Report

IMF Executive Board Discusses the 2017 External Sector Report »

Source: 2017 External Sector Report Individual Economy Assessments

Volume/Issue: 2017/046

Series: Policy Papers

Author(s): International Working Group on External Debt Statistics;International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.;International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept;International Monetary Fund. Western Hemisphere Dept.;International Monetary Fund. Strategy, Policy, & Review Department;International Monetary Fund. Secretary's Department;International Monetary Fund. Monetary and Capital Markets Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 July 2017

ISBN: 9781498346603

Keywords: Capital flows, Cross country analysis, Current account, Developed countries, Emerging markets, External sector, External Sector Report, Foreign exchange intervention, Real effective exchange rates, External sector assessment

The external sector assessments use a wide range of methods, including the External Balance Assessment (EBA) developed by the IMF's Research Department to estimate desired current account balances and real exchange...

IMF Executive Board Discusses the 2017 External Sector Report

IMF Executive Board Discusses the 2017 External Sector Report »

Source: 2017 External Sector Report

Volume/Issue: 2017/045

Series: Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.;International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept;International Monetary Fund. Western Hemisphere Dept.;International Monetary Fund. Strategy, Policy, & Review Department;International Monetary Fund. Secretary's Department;International Monetary Fund. Monetary and Capital Markets Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 July 2017

ISBN: 9781498346597

Keywords: Capital account, Capital flows, Commodity prices, Cross country analysis, Current account balances, Developed countries, Emerging markets, Exchange rates, External sector, External Sector Report

Global current account imbalances were broadly unchanged in 2016, with minor shifts adding to the reconfiguration under way since 2013. The fall in commodity prices, uneven cyclical recoveries in systemic economies...

IMF Executive Board Reviews Multiple Currency Practices Policy and Considers Reforms

IMF Executive Board Reviews Multiple Currency Practices Policy and Considers Reforms »

Source: Review Of The Fund's Policy On Multiple Currency Practices : Initial Considerations

Volume: 19

Series: Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Legal Dept.;International Monetary Fund. Monetary and Capital Markets Department;International Monetary Fund. Strategy, Policy, & Review Department;International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 June 2019

ISBN: 9781498318860

Keywords: Exchange rate policy, Exchange markets, Exchange restrictions, Multiple exchange rates, Exchange rates, foreign exchange markets, foreign investment, free trade, goods and services, multiple currency practices

This paper reviews the Fund's policy on multiple currency practices (MCPs). There remain strong economic and legal reasons to retain a policy on MCPs. The over-arching aim of the review is to make the policy and it...