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Devaluation Crises and the Macroeconomic Consequences of Postponed Adjustment in Developing Countries

Devaluation Crises and the Macroeconomic Consequences of Postponed Adjustment in Developing Countries »

Source: Devaluation Crises and the Macroeconomic Consequences of Postponed Adjustment in Developing Countries

Volume/Issue: 1989/11

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1989

ISBN: 9781451925845

Keywords: exchange rate, terms of trade, foreign exchange, real exchange rates, real exchange rate

This paper develops a small analytical model to explore the relationship between the dynamics of macroeconomic adjustment and the timing of the implementation of an adjustment program featuring a nominal devaluatio...

External Liabilities and Crises

External Liabilities and Crises »

Source: External Liabilities and Crises

Volume/Issue: 2013/113

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Luis Catão , and Gian Milesi-Ferretti

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 May 2013

ISBN: 9781484315910

Keywords: International Investment Positions, Current Account Imbalances, Foreign Exchange Reserves, net external debt, net debt, current account balance, Financial Markets and the Macroeconomy, International Lending and Debt Problems, Foreign Exchange Reserves.,

We examine the determinants of external crises, focusing on the role of foreign liabilities and their composition. Using a variety of statistical tools and comprehensive data spanning 1970-2011, we find that the ra...

I Overview

I Overview »

Source: Informal Funds Transfer Systems : An Analysis of the Informal Hawala System

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Mohammed El Qorchi , Samuel Maimbo , and John Wilson

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 August 2003

ISBN: 9781589062269

Keywords: Financial systems, banking, remittance, remittances, foreign exchange, banking sector

Since the September 11, 2001, terrorist attacks in the United States, there has been renewed public interest in informal funds transfer (IFT) systems. Press coverage, which often focused on the putative conn...

II Introduction

II Introduction »

Source: Informal Funds Transfer Systems : An Analysis of the Informal Hawala System

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Mohammed El Qorchi , Samuel Maimbo , and John Wilson

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 August 2003

ISBN: 9781589062269

Keywords: Financial systems, banking, remittance, remittances, foreign exchange, banking sector

This study responds to the growing interest in the operational characteristics and economic and regulatory implications of IFT systems. It contributes to the limited analytical literature on financial remitt...

III Features of the Informal Hawala System

III Features of the Informal Hawala System »

Source: Informal Funds Transfer Systems : An Analysis of the Informal Hawala System

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Mohammed El Qorchi , Samuel Maimbo , and John Wilson

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 August 2003

ISBN: 9781589062269

Keywords: Financial systems, banking, remittance, remittances, foreign exchange, banking sector

Different terms are used to describe informal funds transfer systems, including “alternative remittance systems,” “underground banking,” “ethnic banking,” and “informal value transfer system.” This study use...

IMF Executive Board Completes First Review Under the Extended Fund Facility Arrangement for Pakistan and Approves US$553.3 Million Disbursement

IMF Executive Board Completes First Review Under the Extended Fund Facility Arrangement for Pakistan and Approves US$553.3 Million Disbursement »

Source: Pakistan : Staff Report for the First Review Under the Extended Arrangement Under the Extended Fund Facility, Request for Waiver of Nonobservance of a Performance Criterion and Modification of Performance Criteria

Volume/Issue: 2014/1

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Middle East and Central Asia Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 January 2014

ISBN: 9781484339244

Keywords: Banking sector, Debt sustainability analysis, Extended arrangement reviews, Extended Fund Facility, Economic indicators, Fiscal consolidation, Monetary policy, Fiscal reforms, Fiscal policy, Foreign exchange reserves

This paper provides an update on economic and policy developments in Pakistan since the issuance of the IMF staff report on December 11, 2013. Gross official reserves were US$3.4 billion as of December 16, 2013, in...

Pakistan
			: Staff Report for the First Review Under the Extended Arrangement Under the Extended Fund Facility, Request for Waiver of Nonobservance of a Performance Criterion and Modification of Performance Criteria

Pakistan : Staff Report for the First Review Under the Extended Arrangement Under the Extended Fund Facility, Request for Waiver of Nonobservance of a Performance Criterion and Modification of Performance Criteria »

Volume/Issue: 2014/1

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Middle East and Central Asia Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 January 2014

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484339244.002

ISBN: 9781484339244

Keywords: Banking sector, Debt sustainability analysis, Extended arrangement reviews, Extended Fund Facility, Economic indicators, Fiscal consolidation, Monetary policy, Fiscal reforms, Fiscal policy, Foreign exchange reserves

This paper provides an update on economic and policy developments in Pakistan since the issuance of the IMF staff report on December 11, 2013. Gross official reserves were US$3.4 billion as of December 16, 2013, in...

Pakistan
			: Recent Economic Developments

Pakistan : Recent Economic Developments »

Volume/Issue: 1997/120

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 January 1998

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451830415.002

ISBN: 9781451830415

Keywords: banking, foreign currency, commercial banks, state bank, foreign exchange

This paper describes economic developments in Pakistan over the five-year period 1992/93-1996/97, with particular emphasis on the last two years. The paper discusses output and price developments, the performance o...

Devaluation Crises and the Macroeconomic Consequences of Postponed Adjustment in Developing Countries

Devaluation Crises and the Macroeconomic Consequences of Postponed Adjustment in Developing Countries »

Volume/Issue: 1989/11

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1989

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451925845.001

ISBN: 9781451925845

Keywords: exchange rate, terms of trade, foreign exchange, real exchange rates, real exchange rate

This paper develops a small analytical model to explore the relationship between the dynamics of macroeconomic adjustment and the timing of the implementation of an adjustment program featuring a nominal devaluatio...

External Liabilities and Crises

External Liabilities and Crises »

Volume/Issue: 2013/113

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Luis Catão , and Gian Milesi-Ferretti

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 May 2013

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484315910.001

ISBN: 9781484315910

Keywords: International Investment Positions, Current Account Imbalances, Foreign Exchange Reserves, net external debt, net debt, current account balance, Financial Markets and the Macroeconomy, International Lending and Debt Problems, Foreign Exchange Reserves.,

We examine the determinants of external crises, focusing on the role of foreign liabilities and their composition. Using a variety of statistical tools and comprehensive data spanning 1970-2011, we find that the ra...