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Appendix I. Government and Budget Structure

Appendix I. Government and Budget Structure »

Source: The Mongolian People's Republic : Toward a Market Economy

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Padej Sukachevin , John Leimone , F. Rozwadowski , and Elizabeth Milne

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 March 1991

ISBN: 9781557752079

Keywords: state bank, foreign exchange, foreign trade, banking, balance of payments

The Constitution Under Mongolia’s 1960 Constitution, which established the central role of the public sector and the MPRP, all land, natural resources, factories, transportation, and...

Appendix II. Structure of the Banking System

Appendix II. Structure of the Banking System »

Source: The Mongolian People's Republic : Toward a Market Economy

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Padej Sukachevin , John Leimone , F. Rozwadowski , and Elizabeth Milne

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 March 1991

ISBN: 9781557752079

Keywords: state bank, foreign exchange, foreign trade, banking, balance of payments

Banking System Background and Structure Through August 1990 Mongolia has a monopolistic banking structure. The national bank was established in 1924 as...

Appendix III. Structure of External Transactions and Payments

Appendix III. Structure of External Transactions and Payments »

Source: The Mongolian People's Republic : Toward a Market Economy

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Padej Sukachevin , John Leimone , F. Rozwadowski , and Elizabeth Milne

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 March 1991

ISBN: 9781557752079

Keywords: state bank, foreign exchange, foreign trade, banking, balance of payments

Balance of Payments Historically, Mongolia conducted external transactions within the context of the five-year plan. During the 1970s and first half of the 1980s, the CMEA area accou...

Appendix IV. Mongolian Statistics

Appendix IV. Mongolian Statistics »

Source: The Mongolian People's Republic : Toward a Market Economy

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Padej Sukachevin , John Leimone , F. Rozwadowski , and Elizabeth Milne

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 March 1991

ISBN: 9781557752079

Keywords: state bank, foreign exchange, foreign trade, banking, balance of payments

Mongolia’s statistical base is comprehensive, although it emphasizes information related to real sector activities. Until recently, economic and financial data were maintained primarily to measure performanc...

Dollarization in Transition Economies

Dollarization in Transition Economies »

Source: Dollarization in Transition Economies : Evidence and Policy Implications

Volume/Issue: 1995/96

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Carlos Végh Gramont , and Ratna Sahay

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 1995

ISBN: 9781451950083

Keywords: dollarization, foreign currency, inflation, high inflation, foreign exchange

After most restrictions on foreign currency holdings were relaxed in the early 1990s, foreign currency deposits in transition economies have been increasing rapidly. This paper takes a first look at the evidence on...

I. Political and Economic History

I. Political and Economic History »

Source: The Mongolian People's Republic : Toward a Market Economy

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Padej Sukachevin , John Leimone , F. Rozwadowski , and Elizabeth Milne

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 March 1991

ISBN: 9781557752079

Keywords: state bank, foreign exchange, foreign trade, banking, balance of payments

Introduction Mongolia, a country with rich and ancient traditions, entered the twentieth century as a frontier province of China. Feudal rights and obligations defined the relationsh...

II. Initiation of Reform: 1985–90

II. Initiation of Reform: 1985–90 »

Source: The Mongolian People's Republic : Toward a Market Economy

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Padej Sukachevin , John Leimone , F. Rozwadowski , and Elizabeth Milne

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 March 1991

ISBN: 9781557752079

Keywords: state bank, foreign exchange, foreign trade, banking, balance of payments

Background In 1985, Batmönh’s government instituted modest steps to improve economic management and reduce central control, while permitting some internal political dialogue. These c...

III. Impact of Reform

III. Impact of Reform »

Source: The Mongolian People's Republic : Toward a Market Economy

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Padej Sukachevin , John Leimone , F. Rozwadowski , and Elizabeth Milne

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 March 1991

ISBN: 9781557752079

Keywords: state bank, foreign exchange, foreign trade, banking, balance of payments

Overview The impact on economic performance of the reforms initiated in 1985 was masked by a sustained period of dry weather during 1988–89, and by a deterioration in Mongolia’s exte...

Mongolia
			: Background Material

Mongolia : Background Material »

Volume/Issue: 1996/118

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1996

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451826753.002

ISBN: 9781451826753

Keywords: credit, payments, prices, banking, foreign exchange

This paper describes economic developments in Mongolia during the 1990s. Real GDP growth accelerated to 6 percent in 1995, the second year of positive growth since the transition to a market economy commenced. The...

Mongolia
			: Background Paper

Mongolia : Background Paper »

Volume/Issue: 1995/11

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 02 February 1995

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451826746.002

ISBN: 9781451826746

Keywords: social security, foreign exchange, social insurance, banking, banking system

This Background Paper analyzes the social expenditures in Mongolia during the 1990s. The paper highlights that the share of social protection expenditure in total expenditure of the general government has been drop...