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5 Analysis of and Policy Responses to Rapid Credit Growth

5 Analysis of and Policy Responses to Rapid Credit Growth »

Source: Rapid Credit Growth in Central and Eastern Europe : Endless Boom or Early Warning?

Series: Seminar Volumes

Author(s): Charles Enoch , and Inci Ötker

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 March 2007

ISBN: 9780230521513

Keywords: Credit expansion, Eastern Europe, credit, banking, banking sector, current account, foreign exchange

This chapter discusses the phenomenon of rapid growth in bank credit to the private sector, which in recent years has been particularly prominent in many Central, Eastern, and South-eastern European countrie...

Annex I. Stylized Facts: Foreign Exchange Markets

Annex I. Stylized Facts: Foreign Exchange Markets »

Source: Developing Essential Financial Markets in Smaller Economies : Stylized Facts and Policy Options

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 December 2008

ISBN: 9781589067752

Keywords: Banking systems, Central bank policy, Financial sector, Small states, Stock markets, foreign exchange, exchange rate, foreign exchange market, equity markets, stock exchange

This annex assembles stylized facts on foreign exchange markets in smaller economies and reports case studies with a view to providing a basis for the policy discussion in the main...

Annex II. Stylized Facts: Money and Secondary Government Securities Markets

Annex II. Stylized Facts: Money and Secondary Government Securities Markets »

Source: Developing Essential Financial Markets in Smaller Economies : Stylized Facts and Policy Options

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 December 2008

ISBN: 9781589067752

Keywords: Banking systems, Central bank policy, Financial sector, Small states, Stock markets, foreign exchange, exchange rate, foreign exchange market, equity markets, stock exchange

This annex summarizes stylized facts on money and secondary government securities markets in smaller economies. Data on money markets are especially limited, although there is cross...

Annex III. Stylized Facts: Secondary Equity Markets

Annex III. Stylized Facts: Secondary Equity Markets »

Source: Developing Essential Financial Markets in Smaller Economies : Stylized Facts and Policy Options

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 December 2008

ISBN: 9781589067752

Keywords: Banking systems, Central bank policy, Financial sector, Small states, Stock markets, foreign exchange, exchange rate, foreign exchange market, equity markets, stock exchange

This annex summarizes the stylized facts on secondary equity markets in smaller economies. Generally, the empirical and descriptive literature on equity markets in smaller economies...

Annex IV. Case Studies: Regional Integration

Annex IV. Case Studies: Regional Integration »

Source: Developing Essential Financial Markets in Smaller Economies : Stylized Facts and Policy Options

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 December 2008

ISBN: 9781589067752

Keywords: Banking systems, Central bank policy, Financial sector, Small states, Stock markets, foreign exchange, exchange rate, foreign exchange market, equity markets, stock exchange

Market Integration in Europe In Europe, cross-country market access is based on the “single passport” concept. Products and financial intermediaries authorized in one European Union...

Appendix I Estimates

Appendix I Estimates »

Source: Hong Kong, China : Growth, Structural Change, and Economic Stability During the Transition

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Dubravko Mihaljek , and John Dodsworth

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 September 1997

ISBN: 9781557756725

Keywords: banking, law, monetary authority, foreign exchange, banking system

This appendix describes the econometric estimates of the consumption function and the export supply and import demand functions discussed in Section III....

Appendix I Exchange and Trade System20

Appendix I Exchange and Trade System20 »

Source: Hungary : An Economic Survey

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 04 December 1982

ISBN: 9781451963830

Keywords: Economic conditions, national bank, foreign trade, foreign exchange, world market, banking

Exchange Arrangement The currency of Hungary is the Hungarian forint. The exchange rate of the forint against currencies other than those of the member countries of the Council for M...

Appendix I. Government and Budget Structure

Appendix I. Government and Budget Structure »

Source: The Mongolian People's Republic : Toward a Market Economy

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Padej Sukachevin , John Leimone , F. Rozwadowski , and Elizabeth Milne

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 March 1991

ISBN: 9781557752079

Keywords: state bank, foreign exchange, foreign trade, banking, balance of payments

The Constitution Under Mongolia’s 1960 Constitution, which established the central role of the public sector and the MPRP, all land, natural resources, factories, transportation, and...

Appendix I Real Exchange Rate Movements and External Competitiveness

Appendix I Real Exchange Rate Movements and External Competitiveness »

Source: The Lao People's Democratic Republic : Systemic Transformation and Adjustment

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Ichiro Otani , and Chi Pham

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 May 1996

ISBN: 9781557755605

Keywords: banking, exchange rate, foreign exchange, privatization, foreign investment

Movements in the real exchange rate are summarized in Charts 6 and 7, which show the path of the real effective exchange rate (that is, the trade-weighted exchange rate adjusted for...

Appendix I Structure of the Financial System

Appendix I Structure of the Financial System »

Source: Ghana : Adjustment and Growth, 1983-91

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Ishan Kapur , Jerald Schiff , Michael Hadjimichael , Philippe Szymczak , and Paul Hilbers

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 March 1991

ISBN: 9781557751829

Keywords: foreign exchange, exchange rate, inflation, expenditure, banking

The banking system in Ghana comprises the Central Bank (Bank of Ghana), three large commercial banks (the Ghana Commercial Bank, the Standard Chartered Bank of Ghana, and the Barcla...