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Fiscal Monitor, April 2019

Curbing Corruption

The April 2019 edition of Fiscal Monitor is focused on two broad themes: fiscal policy in a fast-changing global economy and curbing corruption.

Anchor Me: The Benefits and Challenges of Fiscal Responsibility

Anchor Me: The Benefits and Challenges of Fiscal Responsibility »

Source: Anchor Me: The Benefits and Challenges of Fiscal Responsibility

Volume/Issue: 2019/70

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Serhan Cevik

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 25 March 2019

ISBN: 9781498302937

Keywords: Economic stabilization, Fiscal policy, National budgets, Budgetary policy, Fiscal stimulus, procyclicality, structural budget balances, fiscal rules, output gap, countercyclical

This paper discusses the benefits and challenges of implementing a rule-based fiscal responsibility framework, using the Philippines as a case study. It estimates structural measures of the fiscal stance over the p...

Attaining Selected Sustainable Development Goals in Guatemala: Spending, Provision, and Financing Needs

Attaining Selected Sustainable Development Goals in Guatemala: Spending, Provision, and Financing Needs »

Source: Attaining Selected Sustainable Development Goals in Guatemala: Spending, Provision, and Financing Needs

Volume/Issue: 2019/60

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Esther Perez Ruiz , and Mauricio Soto

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 March 2019

ISBN: 9781484398005

Keywords: Economic growth, Poverty, Capital expenditure, Development, Social security, Sustainable Devleopment Goals, Fiscal Policy., SDG, MDGs, private sector participation

Raising living standards continues to be the main challenge facing Guatemala, as a matter of economic success and social cohesion. This paper discusses the spending, financing, and delivery capacity aspects of a vi...

Australia

Australia »

Source: Australia : Selected Issues

Volume/Issue: 2019/56

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 21 February 2019

ISBN: 9781484399033

Keywords: Fiscal policy, Fiscal sector, Real effective exchange rates, Fiscal space, Economic growth, net debt;PBO;economic cycle;GFC;output gap

This Selected Issues paper on Australia was prepared by a staff team of the International Monetary Fund as background documentation for the periodic consultation with the member country. It is based on the informat...

Australia: Staff Report for the 2018 Article IV Consultation

Australia: Staff Report for the 2018 Article IV Consultation »

Source: Australia : 2018 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Australia

Volume/Issue: 2019/55

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 21 February 2019

ISBN: 9781484399019

Keywords: Economic growth, Credit, Unemployment, Fiscal policy, Employment, household debt;RBA;wage growth;interest-only;Haver

Australia experienced only a minor downturn after the end of the mining investment and commodity price boom but, as elsewhere, the adjustment and rebalancing has been slow, with below-target inflation and low wage...

Australia: Staff Report for the 2018 Article IV Consultation—Informational Annex

Australia: Staff Report for the 2018 Article IV Consultation—Informational Annex »

Source: Australia : 2018 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Australia

Volume/Issue: 2019/55

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 21 February 2019

ISBN: 9781484399019

Keywords: Economic growth, Credit, Unemployment, Fiscal policy, Employment, household debt;RBA;wage growth;interest-only;Haver

Australia experienced only a minor downturn after the end of the mining investment and commodity price boom but, as elsewhere, the adjustment and rebalancing has been slow, with below-target inflation and low wage...

Automatic Fiscal Stabilizers

Automatic Fiscal Stabilizers »

Source: Automatic Fiscal Stabilizers

Volume/Issue: 2009/23

Series: IMF Staff Position Notes

Author(s): Steven Symansky , and Thomas Baunsgaard

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 September 2009

ISBN: 9781455290567

Keywords: Fiscal stability, macroeconomic stabilization, personal income tax, income tax, taxes, fiscal policy, tax rates

This paper discusses how to enhance automatic stabilizers without increasing the size of government. We distinguish between permanent changes in the parameters of the tax and expenditure system (e.g., changes in ta...

Budget Consolidation

Budget Consolidation »

Source: Budget Consolidation : Short-Term Pain and Long-Term Gain

Volume/Issue: 2010/163

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Douglas Laxton , Susanna Mursula , Kevin Clinton , and Michael Kumhof

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2010

ISBN: 9781455201464

Keywords: current account imbalances, tax reform, income taxes, consumption taxes, Open Economy Macroeconomics, International Policy Coordination and Transmission, Fiscal Policies and Behavior of Economic Agents: General,

The paper evaluates the costs and benefits of fiscal consolidation using simulations based on the IMFs global DSGE model GIMF. Over the longer run, well-targeted permanent reductions in budget deficits lead to a co...

Case Studies in Tax Revenue Mobilization in Low-Income Countries

Case Studies in Tax Revenue Mobilization in Low-Income Countries »

Source: Case Studies in Tax Revenue Mobilization in Low-Income Countries

Volume/Issue: 2019/104

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Bernardin Akitoby , Jiro Honda , Hiroaki Miyamoto , Keyra Primus , and Mouhamadou Sy

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 May 2019

ISBN: 9781498314565

Keywords: Fiscal policy, Tax revenue, Tax reforms, Revenue measures, Tax rates, tax revenue mobilization, tax policy, revenue administration, reform strategy, percent of GDP

How can Low-Income Countries (LICs) enhance tax revenue collection to finance their vast development needs? We address this question by analyzing seven tax reform experiences in LICs (Burkina Faso, The Gambia, Mald...

3. Caucasus and Central Asia: Unlocking the Region’s Growth Potential

3. Caucasus and Central Asia: Unlocking the Region’s Growth Potential »

Source: Regional Economic Outlook, November 2018, Middle East and Central Asia

Series: Regional Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Middle East and Central Asia Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 October 2018

ISBN: 9781484375389

Keywords: Regional Economic Outlook, Middle East and Central Asia, Economic growth, Oil prices, Market economies, Regional economics, Fiscal policy, economic outlook, global trade tensions, oil-importing countries

After a recovery in 2017, GDP growth in the Caucasus and Central Asia (CCA) region is expected to stabilize in 2018 and in the medium term. However, at forecast growth rates, it will take nearly...

Chapter 2 Curbing Corruption

Chapter 2 Curbing Corruption »

Source: Fiscal Monitor, April 2019 : Curbing Corruption

Series: Fiscal Monitor

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 April 2019

ISBN: 9781498302180

Keywords: Corruption, Corruption in politics. Economic aspects, Economic growth, Economic stabilization, Economic integration, Tax revenue, Fiscal policy, inclusive growth, global integration, fiscal outlook

Introduction Corruption—the abuse of public office for private gain—distorts the activities of the state and ultimately takes a toll on economic growth and the quality of people’s li...