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A Growth-Friendly Path for Building Fiscal Buffers in the Caucuses and Central Asia

A Growth-Friendly Path for Building Fiscal Buffers in the Caucuses and Central Asia »

Volume/Issue: 2018/6

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Edward Gemayel , Lorraine Ocampos , Matteo Ghilardi , and James Aylward

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 April 2018

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484337165.087

ISBN: 9781484337165

Keywords: Growth acceleration, Uzbekistan, Afghanistan, Islamic Republic of, Iran, Islamic Republic of, Libyan Arab Jamahiriya, Syrian Arab Republic, Yemen, Republic of, Saudi Arabia, Somalia, Sudan

Since 2014, large and persistent external shocks have hit the CCA region, particularly a slump in global commodity prices and slower growth in its key economic partners. Fiscal accommodation, along with currency ad...

8. Financial Markets in the GCC Countries

8. Financial Markets in the GCC Countries »

Source: The Macroeconomics of the Arab States of the Gulf

Series: Books

Author(s): Raphael Espinoza , Ghada Fayad , and Ananthakrishnan Prasad

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 21 November 2013

ISBN: 9780199683796

Keywords: oil, monetary policy, fiscal policy, expenditure, oil prices

8.1 Introduction As the global economic crisis took hold, the GCC countries’ financial systems found themselves affected through contagion despite the relatively low direct exposure...

5. Fiscal Policy for Macroeconomic Stability

5. Fiscal Policy for Macroeconomic Stability »

Source: The Macroeconomics of the Arab States of the Gulf

Series: Books

Author(s): Raphael Espinoza , Ghada Fayad , and Ananthakrishnan Prasad

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 21 November 2013

ISBN: 9780199683796

Keywords: oil, monetary policy, fiscal policy, expenditure, oil prices

5.1 Introduction Macroeconomic stability is important for long-term growth and the literature has discussed several channels through which volatility can reduce growth....

4. Government Spending, Subsidies, and Economic Efficiency

4. Government Spending, Subsidies, and Economic Efficiency »

Source: The Macroeconomics of the Arab States of the Gulf

Series: Books

Author(s): Raphael Espinoza , Ghada Fayad , and Ananthakrishnan Prasad

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 21 November 2013

ISBN: 9780199683796

Keywords: oil, monetary policy, fiscal policy, expenditure, oil prices

4.1 Introduction The activities of the government have a heightened importance in the Gulf countries because oil revenues accrue to the government and the way they are spent or saved...

A Growth-Friendly Path for Building Fiscal Buffers in the Caucuses and Central Asia

A Growth-Friendly Path for Building Fiscal Buffers in the Caucuses and Central Asia »

Source: A Growth-Friendly Path for Building Fiscal Buffers in the Caucuses and Central Asia

Volume/Issue: 2018/6

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Edward Gemayel , Lorraine Ocampos , Matteo Ghilardi , and James Aylward

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 April 2018

ISBN: 9781484337165

Keywords: Growth acceleration, Uzbekistan, Afghanistan, Islamic Republic of, Iran, Islamic Republic of, Libyan Arab Jamahiriya, Syrian Arab Republic, Yemen, Republic of, Saudi Arabia, Somalia, Sudan

Since 2014, large and persistent external shocks have hit the CCA region, particularly a slump in global commodity prices and slower growth in its key economic partners. Fiscal accommodation, along with currency ad...

Macroprudential Policy in the GCC Countries

Macroprudential Policy in the GCC Countries »

Volume/Issue: 2014/1

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): Zsofia Arvai , Ananthakrishnan Prasad , and Kentaro Katayama

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 2014

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484334430.006

ISBN: 9781484334430

Keywords: Bahrain, Cooperation Council for the Arab States of the Gulf, Financial risk, Financial sector, Fiscal policy, Macroprudential Policy, Kuwait, Oman, Risk management, Saudi Arabia

As undiversified commodity exporters, GCC economies are prone to pro-cyclical systemic risk in the financial system. During periods of high hydrocarbon prices, favorable economic prospects make the financial sector...

1. Introductory Chapter

1. Introductory Chapter »

Source: The Macroeconomics of the Arab States of the Gulf

Series: Books

Author(s): Raphael Espinoza , Ghada Fayad , and Ananthakrishnan Prasad

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 21 November 2013

ISBN: 9780199683796

Keywords: oil, monetary policy, fiscal policy, expenditure, oil prices

1.1 Introduction The countries of the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) have gone through considerable changes in the last decade, spurred by high oil prices and ambitious diversificati...

The Macroeconomics of the Arab States of the Gulf

The Macroeconomics of the Arab States of the Gulf »

Series: Books

Author(s): Raphael Espinoza , Ghada Fayad , and Ananthakrishnan Prasad

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 21 November 2013

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9780199683796.071

ISBN: 9780199683796

Keywords: oil, monetary policy, fiscal policy, expenditure, oil prices

The economies of the Arab states of the Gulf have gone through considerable changes in the last decade, spurred by high oil prices and ambitious diversification plans. Large-scale immigration provided the labor for...

Macroprudential Policy in the GCC Countries

Macroprudential Policy in the GCC Countries »

Source: Macroprudential Policy in the GCC Countries

Volume/Issue: 2014/1

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): Zsofia Arvai , Ananthakrishnan Prasad , and Kentaro Katayama

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 2014

ISBN: 9781484334430

Keywords: Bahrain, Cooperation Council for the Arab States of the Gulf, Financial risk, Financial sector, Fiscal policy, Macroprudential Policy, Kuwait, Oman, Risk management, Saudi Arabia

As undiversified commodity exporters, GCC economies are prone to pro-cyclical systemic risk in the financial system. During periods of high hydrocarbon prices, favorable economic prospects make the financial sector...

6. Monetary Policy with a Fixed Exchange Rate Regime

6. Monetary Policy with a Fixed Exchange Rate Regime »

Source: The Macroeconomics of the Arab States of the Gulf

Series: Books

Author(s): Raphael Espinoza , Ghada Fayad , and Ananthakrishnan Prasad

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 21 November 2013

ISBN: 9780199683796

Keywords: oil, monetary policy, fiscal policy, expenditure, oil prices

6.1 Introduction The dollar peg has been the nominal anchor for monetary policy for many years in the GCC. 1 The pegged exchange rate regime provide...