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The Allure of the Value-Added Tax

The Allure of the Value-Added Tax »

Source: Finance & Development, June 2002

Volume/Issue: 39/2

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2002

ISBN: 9781451952896

Keywords: poverty reduction, fiscal profligacy, fiscal policy, spending cuts

This paper highlights that despite unprecedented gains in living standards in some countries over the past few decades, poverty continues as a harsh reality in too much of the developing world. The causes lie in pa...

2 An Alternative Interpretation of the “Resource Curse”: Theory and Policy Implications

2 An Alternative Interpretation of the “Resource Curse”: Theory and Policy Implications »

Source: Fiscal Policy Formulation and Implementation in Oil-Producing Countries

Series: Books

Author(s): Jeffrey Davis , Annalisa Fedelino , and Rolando Ossowski

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 21 August 2003

ISBN: 9781589061750

Keywords: oil prices, fiscal policy, oil revenues, oil and gas, taxation

I. Introduction It is often said that most people when reading about a theory wonder if it works in practice. Economists, when seeing things working in practice, wond...

Analysis of Major Expenditure Categories

Analysis of Major Expenditure Categories »

Source: Public Expenditure Handbook : A Guide to Public Policy Issues in Developing Countries

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 September 1991

ISBN: 9781557752222

Keywords: expenditure, public expenditure, military, health care, fiscal policy

...

Anhang

Anhang »

Source: Jahresbericht 1996

Series: Annual Report of the Executive Board

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 September 1996

Language: German

ISBN: 9781557755971

Keywords: inflation, current account, central bank, monetary policy, balance of payments, current account balance, current account deficit, external debt, repurchases, general resources account

Anhang I bis X schließt sich dem Hauptteil im englischen Originaldruck an. Contents...

Appendix I Data and Definitions

Appendix I Data and Definitions »

Source: Experience with Large Fiscal Adjustments

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Mark Horton , George Tsibouris , Wojciech Maliszewski , and Mark Flanagan

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 June 2006

ISBN: 9781589064584

Keywords: Fiscal management, expenditure, fiscal adjustment, expenditures, fiscal adjustments, fiscal policy

An adjustment episode is defined as any year or succession of years of uninterrupted improvement in the fiscal primary balance, and focuses on the consolidated central government (o...

Appendix I. International Reserves

Appendix I. International Reserves »

Source: Jahresbericht 1996

Series: Annual Report of the Executive Board

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 September 1996

Language: German

ISBN: 9781557755971

Keywords: inflation, current account, central bank, monetary policy, balance of payments, current account balance, current account deficit, external debt, repurchases, general resources account

This appendix reviews recent developments in official measures of international reserves and liquidity. Changes in the main components of official reserves are examined. The currency composition of foreign e...

Appendix II.inancial Operations and Transactions of the Fund

Appendix II.inancial Operations and Transactions of the Fund »

Source: Jahresbericht 1996

Series: Annual Report of the Executive Board

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 September 1996

Language: German

ISBN: 9781557755971

Keywords: inflation, current account, central bank, monetary policy, balance of payments, current account balance, current account deficit, external debt, repurchases, general resources account

The tables in this appendix supplement the information given in the section on the Fund’s financial operations and policies. Table II.1 Arrangem...

Appendix II Large Fiscal Adjustment Episodes

Appendix II Large Fiscal Adjustment Episodes »

Source: Experience with Large Fiscal Adjustments

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Mark Horton , George Tsibouris , Wojciech Maliszewski , and Mark Flanagan

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 June 2006

ISBN: 9781589064584

Keywords: Fiscal management, expenditure, fiscal adjustment, expenditures, fiscal adjustments, fiscal policy

Table A2.1. Large Fiscal Adjustment Episodes 1...

Appendix III Case Studies of Large Fiscal Adjustment

Appendix III Case Studies of Large Fiscal Adjustment »

Source: Experience with Large Fiscal Adjustments

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Mark Horton , George Tsibouris , Wojciech Maliszewski , and Mark Flanagan

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 June 2006

ISBN: 9781589064584

Keywords: Fiscal management, expenditure, fiscal adjustment, expenditures, fiscal adjustments, fiscal policy

Thirteen case studies were prepared to supplement the empirical analysis. 19 The case studies offer further evidence about success and adjustment d...

Appendix III. Relations with Other International Organizations

Appendix III. Relations with Other International Organizations »

Source: Jahresbericht 1996

Series: Annual Report of the Executive Board

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 September 1996

Language: German

ISBN: 9781557755971

Keywords: inflation, current account, central bank, monetary policy, balance of payments, current account balance, current account deficit, external debt, repurchases, general resources account

The challenges of a globalized economy have further strengthened the Fund’s close relations with international and regional institutions sharing similar responsibilities, interests, and goals. Because vital...