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Acronyms

Acronyms »

Source: Fiscal Monitor, October 2012 : Taking Stock: A Progress Report on Fiscal Adjustment: Taking Stock: A Progress Report on Fiscal Adjustment

Series: Fiscal Monitor

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 October 2012

ISBN: 9781616353919

Keywords: pension, fiscal consolidation, unemployment, fiscal policy, pensions

ALMP active labor market program BIS Bank for Interna...

Appendixes

Appendixes »

Source: Fiscal Monitor, October 2012 : Taking Stock: A Progress Report on Fiscal Adjustment: Taking Stock: A Progress Report on Fiscal Adjustment

Series: Fiscal Monitor

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 October 2012

ISBN: 9781616353919

Keywords: pension, fiscal consolidation, unemployment, fiscal policy, pensions

Appendix 1. Distributional Consequences of Alternative Fiscal Consolidation Measures: Readings from the Data The Great Recession of 2007–09 led to an unprecedented increase in public...

Country Abbreviations

Country Abbreviations »

Source: Fiscal Monitor, October 2012 : Taking Stock: A Progress Report on Fiscal Adjustment: Taking Stock: A Progress Report on Fiscal Adjustment

Series: Fiscal Monitor

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 October 2012

ISBN: 9781616353919

Keywords: pension, fiscal consolidation, unemployment, fiscal policy, pensions

Code Country name AFG Afghanistan...

Fiscal Monitor, October 2012
			: Taking Stock: A Progress Report on Fiscal Adjustment: Taking Stock: A Progress Report on Fiscal Adjustment

Fiscal Monitor, October 2012 : Taking Stock: A Progress Report on Fiscal Adjustment: Taking Stock: A Progress Report on Fiscal Adjustment »

Series: Fiscal Monitor

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 October 2012

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781616353919.089

ISBN: 9781616353919

Keywords: pension, fiscal consolidation, unemployment, fiscal policy, pensions

With growth weakening in many parts of the world and downside risks on the rise, fiscal consolidation remains challenging. However, considerable progress has been made in strengthening fiscal accounts following the...

Back Matter

Back Matter »

Source: Fiscal Monitor, October 2012 : Taking Stock: A Progress Report on Fiscal Adjustment: Taking Stock: A Progress Report on Fiscal Adjustment

Series: Fiscal Monitor

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 October 2012

ISBN: 9781616353919

Keywords: pension, fiscal consolidation, unemployment, fiscal policy, pensions

With growth weakening in many parts of the world and downside risks on the rise, fiscal consolidation remains challenging. However, considerable progress has been made in strengthening fiscal accounts following the...

Front Matter

Front Matter »

Source: Fiscal Monitor, October 2012 : Taking Stock: A Progress Report on Fiscal Adjustment: Taking Stock: A Progress Report on Fiscal Adjustment

Series: Fiscal Monitor

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 October 2012

ISBN: 9781616353919

Keywords: pension, fiscal consolidation, unemployment, fiscal policy, pensions

With growth weakening in many parts of the world and downside risks on the rise, fiscal consolidation remains challenging. However, considerable progress has been made in strengthening fiscal accounts following the...

Glossary

Glossary »

Source: Fiscal Monitor, October 2012 : Taking Stock: A Progress Report on Fiscal Adjustment: Taking Stock: A Progress Report on Fiscal Adjustment

Series: Fiscal Monitor

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 October 2012

ISBN: 9781616353919

Keywords: pension, fiscal consolidation, unemployment, fiscal policy, pensions

Automatic stabilizers Budgetary measures that dampen fluctuation in real GDP, automatically triggered by the tax code and by spending rules....

The Human Cost of Recessions

The Human Cost of Recessions »

Source: The Human Cost of Recessions : Assessing It, Reducing It

Volume/Issue: 2010/17

Series: IMF Staff Position Notes

Author(s): Mai Dao , and Prakash Loungani

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 November 2010

ISBN: 9781462308163

Keywords: Developed countries, Cross country analysis, Economic recession, Emerging markets, Fiscal consolidation, Recessions, Human capital, Fiscal policy, Monetary policy, Labor markets

Recessions leave scars on the labor market. Over 200 million people across the globe are estimated to be unemployed at present resulting from the Great Recession of 2007-09. We assess the human cost of increased un...

The Human Cost of Recessions
			: Assessing It, Reducing It

The Human Cost of Recessions : Assessing It, Reducing It »

Volume/Issue: 2010/17

Series: IMF Staff Position Notes

Author(s): Mai Dao , and Prakash Loungani

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 November 2010

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781462308163.004

ISBN: 9781462308163

Keywords: Developed countries, Cross country analysis, Economic recession, Emerging markets, Fiscal consolidation, Recessions, Human capital, Fiscal policy, Monetary policy, Labor markets

Recessions leave scars on the labor market. Over 200 million people across the globe are estimated to be unemployed at present resulting from the Great Recession of 2007-09. We assess the human cost of increased un...

The Negative Mean Output Gap

New
The Negative Mean Output Gap »

Volume/Issue: 2019/183

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Shekhar Aiyar , and Simon Voigts

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 August 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513511740.001

ISBN: 9781513511740

Keywords: Accounting systems, Bank rates, Bond yields, Business cycles, Capital, Capital stocks, Central banking, Central banks, Consumption, Cost of capital

We argue that in an economy with downward nominal wage rigidity, the output gap is negative on average. Because it is more difficult to cut wages than to increase them, firms reduce employment more during downturns...