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Are Diamonds Forever? Using the Permanent Income Hypothesis to Analyze Botswana's Reliance on Diamond Revenue

Are Diamonds Forever? Using the Permanent Income Hypothesis to Analyze Botswana's Reliance on Diamond Revenue »

Source: Are Diamonds Forever? Using the Permanent Income Hypothesis to Analyze Botswana's Reliance on Diamond Revenue

Volume/Issue: 2008/80

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Olivier Basdevant

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2008

ISBN: 9781451869415

Keywords: permanent income hypothesis, diamond-related fiscal revenue, expenditure, fiscal revenue, government expenditure, fiscal rule, fiscal adjustment,

This study assesses the sustainability of Botswana’s diamond-related fiscal revenue. Diamond reserves are not adequate to generate enough permanent revenue to sustain a high level of expenditure. Under the c...

Big Government, High Debt, and Fiscal Adjustment in Small States

Big Government, High Debt, and Fiscal Adjustment in Small States »

Source: Big Government, High Debt, and Fiscal Adjustment in Small States

Volume/Issue: 2008/39

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Rui Ota , and Stephanie Medina Cas

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 2008

ISBN: 9781451869019

Keywords: Government size, fiscal adjustment, external debt, external public debt,

Using a new fiscal dataset for small states, this paper analyzes the link between country size, government size, debt, and economic performance. It finds that on average small states have larger governments and hig...

CHAPTER 5 Concluding Remarks

CHAPTER 5 Concluding Remarks »

Source: In the Wake of the Global Economic Crisis : Adjusting to Lower Revenue of the Southern African Customs Union in Botswana, Lesotho, Namibia, and Swaziland

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Thomson Fontaine , Dalmacio Benicio , Joannes Mongardini , Genevieve Verdier , and Gonzalo Pastor

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2011

ISBN: 9781462343492

Keywords: expenditure, fiscal adjustment, spending cuts, government spending, tax increases

This paper has laid out the challenges of fiscal adjustment for BLNS countries, in the context of a substantial drop in SACU revenue. The need for fiscal adjustment is sizable, particularly in Lesotho and Sw...

CHAPTER 1 Introduction

CHAPTER 1 Introduction »

Source: In the Wake of the Global Economic Crisis : Adjusting to Lower Revenue of the Southern African Customs Union in Botswana, Lesotho, Namibia, and Swaziland

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Thomson Fontaine , Dalmacio Benicio , Joannes Mongardini , Genevieve Verdier , and Gonzalo Pastor

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2011

ISBN: 9781462343492

Keywords: expenditure, fiscal adjustment, spending cuts, government spending, tax increases

After one hundred years of existence, the Southern African Customs Union (SACU) is facing one of its biggest challenges. Since 2009, the global economic crisis has significantly reduced its revenue outlook,...

CHAPTER 4 Specific Adjustment Strategies for the BLNS Countries

CHAPTER 4 Specific Adjustment Strategies for the BLNS Countries »

Source: In the Wake of the Global Economic Crisis : Adjusting to Lower Revenue of the Southern African Customs Union in Botswana, Lesotho, Namibia, and Swaziland

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Thomson Fontaine , Dalmacio Benicio , Joannes Mongardini , Genevieve Verdier , and Gonzalo Pastor

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2011

ISBN: 9781462343492

Keywords: expenditure, fiscal adjustment, spending cuts, government spending, tax increases

As shown in Chapter 2, the fiscal adjustment needs in BLNS countries are large and range in the order of 2 to 16 percent of GDP. This requires a significant adjustment effort by the authorities over the medi...

CHAPTER 2 The Impact of the Crisis on SACU Revenue and the Need for Fiscal Adjustment

CHAPTER 2 The Impact of the Crisis on SACU Revenue and the Need for Fiscal Adjustment »

Source: In the Wake of the Global Economic Crisis : Adjusting to Lower Revenue of the Southern African Customs Union in Botswana, Lesotho, Namibia, and Swaziland

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Thomson Fontaine , Dalmacio Benicio , Joannes Mongardini , Genevieve Verdier , and Gonzalo Pastor

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2011

ISBN: 9781462343492

Keywords: expenditure, fiscal adjustment, spending cuts, government spending, tax increases

Prior to 2009, all the BLNS countries had several years of strong fiscal performance (Table 1). This was largely underpinned by a vibrant mining sector in the case of Botswana and Namibia and large SACU tran...

CHAPTER 3 Theoretical and Empirical Evidence on Fiscal Adjustment Strategies

CHAPTER 3 Theoretical and Empirical Evidence on Fiscal Adjustment Strategies »

Source: In the Wake of the Global Economic Crisis : Adjusting to Lower Revenue of the Southern African Customs Union in Botswana, Lesotho, Namibia, and Swaziland

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Thomson Fontaine , Dalmacio Benicio , Joannes Mongardini , Genevieve Verdier , and Gonzalo Pastor

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2011

ISBN: 9781462343492

Keywords: expenditure, fiscal adjustment, spending cuts, government spending, tax increases

This section considers the optimal pace and composition of fiscal adjustment from three perspectives: (i) international evidence of previous large fiscal adjustments; (ii) cross-country comparisons of the si...

In the Wake of the Global Economic Crisis
			: Adjusting to Lower Revenue of the Southern African Customs Union in Botswana, Lesotho, Namibia, and Swaziland

In the Wake of the Global Economic Crisis : Adjusting to Lower Revenue of the Southern African Customs Union in Botswana, Lesotho, Namibia, and Swaziland »

Volume: 11

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Thomson Fontaine , Dalmacio Benicio , Joannes Mongardini , Genevieve Verdier , and Gonzalo Pastor

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2011

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781462343492.087

ISBN: 9781462343492

Keywords: expenditure, fiscal adjustment, spending cuts, government spending, tax increases

The Southern African Customs Union (SACU) is facing its biggest challenge in its 100 years of existence. The global economic crisis has significantly reduced its revenue outlook, which is having a disproportionate...

Fiscal Policy in Sub-Saharan Africa in Response to the Impact of the Global Crisis1

Fiscal Policy in Sub-Saharan Africa in Response to the Impact of the Global Crisis1 »

Source: Fiscal Policy in Sub-Saharan Africa in Response to the Impact of the Global Crisis

Volume/Issue: 2009/10

Series: IMF Staff Position Notes

Author(s): Shamsuddin Tareq , Andrew Berg , Victor Lledo , Antonio Spilimbergo , Rolando Ossowski , Irene Yackovlev , Norbert Funke , Alejandro Hajdenberg , and Martin Schindler

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 May 2009

ISBN: 9781462335404

Keywords: Emerging markets, Financial crisis, Cross country analysis, Commodities, Commodity price fluctuations, Developing countries, Infrastructure, Government expenditures, Fiscal policy, Social safety nets

...

Fiscal Policy in Sub-Saharan Africa in Response to the Impact of the Global Crisis

Fiscal Policy in Sub-Saharan Africa in Response to the Impact of the Global Crisis »

Volume/Issue: 2009/10

Series: IMF Staff Position Notes

Author(s): Shamsuddin Tareq , Andrew Berg , Victor Lledo , Antonio Spilimbergo , Rolando Ossowski , Irene Yackovlev , Norbert Funke , Alejandro Hajdenberg , and Martin Schindler

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 May 2009

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781462335404.004

ISBN: 9781462335404

Keywords: Emerging markets, Financial crisis, Cross country analysis, Commodities, Commodity price fluctuations, Developing countries, Infrastructure, Government expenditures, Fiscal policy, Social safety nets

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