Browse

You are looking at 1 - 3 of 3 items :

  • Public Policy - Social Policy x
  • Economics - Macroeconomics x
  • Keywords: expenditures x
Clear All
The Challenge of Public Pension Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies

The Challenge of Public Pension Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Benedict Clements , David Coady , Frank Eich , Sanjeev Gupta , Alvar Kangur , Baoping Shang , and Mauricio Soto

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 January 2016

Language: Chinese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9787504979971.084

ISBN: 9787504979971

Keywords: Pension reforms, Developed countries, Emerging markets, Pensions, Government expenditures, Cross country analysis, emerging market economies, retirement, pensions, pension spending

Pension reform is high on the policy agenda of many advanced and emerging market economies. In advanced economies the challenge is generally to contain future increases in public pension spending as the population...

Narrowing Vertical Fiscal Imbalances in Four European Countries

Narrowing Vertical Fiscal Imbalances in Four European Countries »

Volume/Issue: 2012/91

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Izabela Karpowicz

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2012

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475502664.001

ISBN: 9781475502664

Keywords: Federalism, decentralization, vertical fiscal imbalance, local governments, fiscal decentralization, sub-national governments, fiscal balances, Structure, Scope, and Performance of Government

This paper describes the institutional changes that have induced a decline in the vertical fiscal imbalance (VFI) - defined as the share of sub-national own spending not financed through own revenues - in four Euro...

Narrowing Vertical Fiscal Imbalances in Four European Countries

Narrowing Vertical Fiscal Imbalances in Four European Countries »

Source: Narrowing Vertical Fiscal Imbalances in Four European Countries

Volume/Issue: 2012/91

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Izabela Karpowicz

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2012

ISBN: 9781475502664

Keywords: Federalism, decentralization, vertical fiscal imbalance, local governments, fiscal decentralization, sub-national governments, fiscal balances, Structure, Scope, and Performance of Government

This paper describes the institutional changes that have induced a decline in the vertical fiscal imbalance (VFI) - defined as the share of sub-national own spending not financed through own revenues - in four Euro...