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The Challenge of Public Pension Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies

The Challenge of Public Pension Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Benedict Clements , David Coady , Frank Eich , Sanjeev Gupta , Alvar Kangur , Baoping Shang , and Mauricio Soto

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 January 2016

Language: Chinese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9787504979971.084

ISBN: 9787504979971

Keywords: Pension reforms, Developed countries, Emerging markets, Pensions, Government expenditures, Cross country analysis, emerging market economies, retirement, pensions, pension spending

Pension reform is high on the policy agenda of many advanced and emerging market economies. In advanced economies the challenge is generally to contain future increases in public pension spending as the population...

Discrepancies Between Quarterly GDP Estimates

Discrepancies Between Quarterly GDP Estimates »

Source: Discrepancies Between Quarterly GDP Estimates

Volume/Issue: 1997/123

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Adriaan Bloem

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 1997

ISBN: 9781451854572

Keywords: GDP discrepancy, quarterly national accounts, GDP reconciliation, expenditure, statistics, surveys, survey, expenditures

Countries compiling quarterly estimates for gross domestic product (GDP) often use alternative approaches simultaneously. This may result in the publication of different measures of quarterly GDP and discrepancies...

Discrepancies Between Quarterly GDP Estimates

Discrepancies Between Quarterly GDP Estimates »

Volume/Issue: 1997/123

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Adriaan Bloem

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 1997

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451854572.001

ISBN: 9781451854572

Keywords: GDP discrepancy, quarterly national accounts, GDP reconciliation, expenditure, statistics, surveys, survey, expenditures

Countries compiling quarterly estimates for gross domestic product (GDP) often use alternative approaches simultaneously. This may result in the publication of different measures of quarterly GDP and discrepancies...