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Case for Earmarked Taxes

Case for Earmarked Taxes »

Source: Case for Earmarked Taxes : Theory and Example

Volume/Issue: 1988/18

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1988

ISBN: 9781451922677

Keywords: expenditure, expenditures, taxation, public expenditure, budget composition

The earmarking (or setting aside) of revenues from various taxes for specific types of expenditure is a much maligned fiscal practice. The paper examines a number of theoretical arguments and institutional circumst...

Chapitre 2. Évolution de l’économie mondiale et des marchés financiers

Chapitre 2. Évolution de l’économie mondiale et des marchés financiers »

Source: Fonds Monétaire International Rapport Annuel 2009 : La Riposte à La Crise Mondiale

Series: Annual Report of the Executive Board

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 September 2009

Language: French

ISBN: 9781589068834

Keywords: financial stability, financial sector, balance of payments, financial system, poverty reduction, financial markets, financial statements, monetary union, expenditures, commodity prices

Ébranlée par la vaste crise financière née sur les marchés des pays avancés en 2007, l’économie mondiale s’est enfoncée en 2008–09 dans la récession la plus prof...

Chapitre 5. Finances, organisation et responsabilisation

Chapitre 5. Finances, organisation et responsabilisation »

Source: Fonds Monétaire International Rapport Annuel 2009 : La Riposte à La Crise Mondiale

Series: Annual Report of the Executive Board

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 September 2009

Language: French

ISBN: 9781589068834

Keywords: financial stability, financial sector, balance of payments, financial system, poverty reduction, financial markets, financial statements, monetary union, expenditures, commodity prices

L’exercice qui s’est achevé le 30 avril 2009 a été marqué par de grandes réformes qui ont transformé le FMI en une institution plus légère aux activités recentré...

Chapitre 4. Modernisation du FMI

Chapitre 4. Modernisation du FMI »

Source: Fonds Monétaire International Rapport Annuel 2009 : La Riposte à La Crise Mondiale

Series: Annual Report of the Executive Board

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 September 2009

Language: French

ISBN: 9781589068834

Keywords: financial stability, financial sector, balance of payments, financial system, poverty reduction, financial markets, financial statements, monetary union, expenditures, commodity prices

Le prolongement de la crise financière a amené le FMI à intensifier et à réorienter ses activités de prêt et de renforcement des capacités. Le présent chapitre d...

Chapitre 3. Restaurer la stabilité financière mondiale

Chapitre 3. Restaurer la stabilité financière mondiale »

Source: Fonds Monétaire International Rapport Annuel 2009 : La Riposte à La Crise Mondiale

Series: Annual Report of the Executive Board

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 September 2009

Language: French

ISBN: 9781589068834

Keywords: financial stability, financial sector, balance of payments, financial system, poverty reduction, financial markets, financial statements, monetary union, expenditures, commodity prices

Le caractère extraordinaire de la crise financière internationale a mis en sérieuse difficulté la plupart des pays membres et a créé des risques systémiques à l’...

Chapitre 1. Vue d’ensemble

Chapitre 1. Vue d’ensemble »

Source: Fonds Monétaire International Rapport Annuel 2009 : La Riposte à La Crise Mondiale

Series: Annual Report of the Executive Board

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 September 2009

Language: French

ISBN: 9781589068834

Keywords: financial stability, financial sector, balance of payments, financial system, poverty reduction, financial markets, financial statements, monetary union, expenditures, commodity prices

L’économie mondiale a traversé en 2008–09 une période d’instabilité financière sans précédent, qui s’est accompagnée de la récession économique et de l’effondrem...

CHAPTER 5: Conclusions

CHAPTER 5: Conclusions »

Source: Fiscal Risks : Sources, Disclosure, and Management

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Lusine Lusinyan , Aliona Cebotari , Ricardo Velloso , Jeffrey Davis , Amine Mati , Murray Petrie , and Paolo Mauro

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 29 January 2009

ISBN: 9781589067905

Keywords: Budgets, Debt sustainability, Government expenditures, Fiscal sustainability, Public debt, Risk management, fiscal risks, contingent liabilities, fiscal risk, fiscal transparency

Various types of shocks cause fiscal outcomes to deviate from budgets and expectations—often by large amounts. Evidence presented in this paper has shown that macroeconomic shocks and calls on contingent lia...

CHAPTER 3: Fiscal Risk Disclosure and Management: International Experience

CHAPTER 3: Fiscal Risk Disclosure and Management: International Experience »

Source: Fiscal Risks : Sources, Disclosure, and Management

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Lusine Lusinyan , Aliona Cebotari , Ricardo Velloso , Jeffrey Davis , Amine Mati , Murray Petrie , and Paolo Mauro

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 29 January 2009

ISBN: 9781589067905

Keywords: Budgets, Debt sustainability, Government expenditures, Fiscal sustainability, Public debt, Risk management, fiscal risks, contingent liabilities, fiscal risk, fiscal transparency

This section analyzes the international experience with respect to fiscal risk disclosure and management. In the area of disclosure, the section reviews international standards and transparency...

CHAPTER 4: Fiscal Risk Disclosure and Management: Lessons

CHAPTER 4: Fiscal Risk Disclosure and Management: Lessons »

Source: Fiscal Risks : Sources, Disclosure, and Management

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Lusine Lusinyan , Aliona Cebotari , Ricardo Velloso , Jeffrey Davis , Amine Mati , Murray Petrie , and Paolo Mauro

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 29 January 2009

ISBN: 9781589067905

Keywords: Budgets, Debt sustainability, Government expenditures, Fiscal sustainability, Public debt, Risk management, fiscal risks, contingent liabilities, fiscal risk, fiscal transparency

This section draws some broad lessons from the international experience, recognizing that approaches differ on some issues. It then presents a more detailed set of Guidelines for Fiscal Risk Dis...

CHAPTER 1: Introduction

CHAPTER 1: Introduction »

Source: Fiscal Risks : Sources, Disclosure, and Management

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Lusine Lusinyan , Aliona Cebotari , Ricardo Velloso , Jeffrey Davis , Amine Mati , Murray Petrie , and Paolo Mauro

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 29 January 2009

ISBN: 9781589067905

Keywords: Budgets, Debt sustainability, Government expenditures, Fiscal sustainability, Public debt, Risk management, fiscal risks, contingent liabilities, fiscal risk, fiscal transparency

Fiscal outturns often differ substantially from budget or other fiscal projections, owing to shocks such as deviations of economic growth from expectations, terms of trade shocks, natural disast...