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Appendix I. How Countries Undertook Their Adjustment Efforts

Appendix I. How Countries Undertook Their Adjustment Efforts »

Source: The Composition of Fiscal Adjustment and Growth : Lessons from Fiscal Reforms in Eight Economies

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): George Mackenzie , Philip Gerson , and David Orsmond

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 April 1997

ISBN: 9781557756299

Keywords: expenditure, public expenditure, fiscal policy, capital expenditure, expenditure management

This appendix provides a detailed description of changes in expenditure policy and public expenditure management, tax policy and administration, and of certain aspects of public ent...

Appendix II. Expenditure and Tax Categories

Appendix II. Expenditure and Tax Categories »

Source: The Composition of Fiscal Adjustment and Growth : Lessons from Fiscal Reforms in Eight Economies

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): George Mackenzie , Philip Gerson , and David Orsmond

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 April 1997

ISBN: 9781557756299

Keywords: expenditure, public expenditure, fiscal policy, capital expenditure, expenditure management

Appendix II presents background information (referred to in the text) on selected economic and functional categories of expenditure, and major tax categories, expres...

Appendix III. Summary of Tax Systems

Appendix III. Summary of Tax Systems »

Source: The Composition of Fiscal Adjustment and Growth : Lessons from Fiscal Reforms in Eight Economies

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): George Mackenzie , Philip Gerson , and David Orsmond

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 April 1997

ISBN: 9781557756299

Keywords: expenditure, public expenditure, fiscal policy, capital expenditure, expenditure management

This appendix presents in tabular form (Table 12) the eight countries at various stages of their adjust-some of the basic features of the tax systems of ment efforts....

The Composition of Fiscal Adjustment and Growth
			: Lessons from Fiscal Reforms in Eight Economies

The Composition of Fiscal Adjustment and Growth : Lessons from Fiscal Reforms in Eight Economies »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): George Mackenzie , Philip Gerson , and David Orsmond

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 April 1997

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557756299.084

ISBN: 9781557756299

Keywords: expenditure, public expenditure, fiscal policy, capital expenditure, expenditure management

This study examines the composition of fiscal adjustment - tax and expenditure policies and administrative procedures, and some aspects of public enterprise reform - in a sample of eight countries (Bangladesh, Chil...

The Distributional Effects of Public Expenditure

The Distributional Effects of Public Expenditure »

Source: The Distributional Effects of Public Expenditure : Update and Overview

Volume/Issue: 1995/84

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Teresa Ter-Minassian , and Gerd Schwartz

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 1995

ISBN: 9781451850581

Keywords: expenditure, public expenditure, expenditure programs, public expenditures, expenditures

It is commonly agreed that economic policies, including budgetary policies, can have potentially strong distributional effects. Traditional economic analysis held that economic policies affected the income distribu...

The Dynamic Effects of Commodity Prices on Fiscal Performance in Latin America

The Dynamic Effects of Commodity Prices on Fiscal Performance in Latin America »

Source: The Dynamic Effects of Commodity Prices on Fiscal Performance in Latin America

Volume/Issue: 2010/192

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Leandro Medina

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 2010

ISBN: 9781455202263

Keywords: procyclicality, fiscal positions, exporting countries, price fluctuations, National Government Expenditures and Related Policies: General,

The recent boom and bust in commodity prices has raised concerns about the impact of volatile commodity prices on Latin American countries' fiscal positions. Using a novel quarterly data set-which includes unique c...

How to Adjust to a Large Fall in Commodity Prices

How to Adjust to a Large Fall in Commodity Prices »

Volume: 16

Series: Fiscal Affairs Department How-To Notes

Author(s): Paulo Medas , Veronique Salins , and Jeff Danforth

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 September 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475536065.061

ISBN: 9781475536065

Keywords: Asia and Pacific, Canada, Chile, Commodity prices, Malaysia, Natural resources, Nigeria, Sub-Saharan Africa, Western Hemisphere, Commodity boom

Resource-rich countries have to manage highly volatile commodity revenues. In periods of revenue booms there is a tendency for large spending scale-ups. When facing large and persistent reductions in commodity pric...

Fiscal Policy in Latin America

Fiscal Policy in Latin America »

Source: Fiscal Policy in Latin America : Lessons and Legacies of the Global Financial Crisis

Volume/Issue: 2015/6

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): Oya Celasun , Francesco Grigoli , Keiko Honjo , Javier Kapsoli , Alexander Klemm , Bogdan Lissovolik , Jan Luksic , Marialuz Moreno Badia , Joana Pereira , Marcos Poplawski-Ribeiro , Baoping Shang , and Yulia Ustyugova

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 April 2015

ISBN: 9781498304412

Keywords: Fiscal policy, Latin America, fiscal institutions, debt, expenditure, financial crisis, Structure and Scope of Government, General, General, General,

Latin America's bold fiscal policy reaction to the global financial crisis was hailed as a sign that the region had finally overcome its procyclical fiscal past. However, most countries of the region have not yet r...

How to Adjust to a Large Fall in Commodity Prices

How to Adjust to a Large Fall in Commodity Prices »

Source: How to Adjust to a Large Fall in Commodity Prices

Volume: 16

Series: Fiscal Affairs Department How-To Notes

Author(s): Paulo Medas , Veronique Salins , and Jeff Danforth

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 September 2016

ISBN: 9781475536065

Keywords: Asia and Pacific, Canada, Chile, Commodity prices, Malaysia, Natural resources, Nigeria, Sub-Saharan Africa, Western Hemisphere, Commodity boom

Resource-rich countries have to manage highly volatile commodity revenues. In periods of revenue booms there is a tendency for large spending scale-ups. When facing large and persistent reductions in commodity pric...

How Useful Are Benefit Incidence Analyses of Public Education and Health Spending1

How Useful Are Benefit Incidence Analyses of Public Education and Health Spending1 »

Source: How Useful Are Benefit Incidence Analyses of Public Education and Health Spending

Volume/Issue: 2003/227

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Erwin Tiongson , Hamid Davoodi , and Sawitree Asawanuchit

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 November 2003

ISBN: 9781451875430

Keywords: benefit incidence, public spending on education and health, targeting, progressivity, health spending, health care, public spending, incidence of public spending, National Government Expenditures and Health, National Government Expenditures and Education,

This paper provides a primer on benefit incidence analysis (BIA) for macroeconomists and a new data set on the benefit incidence of education and health spending covering 56 countries over 1960-2000, representing a...