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4 Addressing the Procyclical Bias

4 Addressing the Procyclical Bias »

Source: Promoting Fiscal Discipline

Series: Books

Author(s): Manmohan Kumar , and Teresa Ter-Minassian

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 October 2007

ISBN: 9781589066090

Keywords: fiscal policy, expenditure, fiscal performance, fiscal rules, fiscal discipline

Since political economy factors are an important determinant of procyclicality of policies, measures to contain the misuse of fiscal policy discretion can be benefic...

Analysis of Major Expenditure Categories

Analysis of Major Expenditure Categories »

Source: Public Expenditure Handbook : A Guide to Public Policy Issues in Developing Countries

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 September 1991

ISBN: 9781557752222

Keywords: expenditure, public expenditure, military, health care, fiscal policy

...

APPENDIX I Incidence Analyses and Income Redistribution

APPENDIX I Incidence Analyses and Income Redistribution »

Source: Fund-Supported Programs, Fiscal Policy, and Income Distribution

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 September 1986

ISBN: 9780939934645

Keywords: taxation, expenditure, salaries, subsidies, income distribution

Most studies of the income distributional effects of public policy fall within the category of “incidence analyses” of taxation and expenditure. They either analyze the effects of particular measures or, if...

APPENDIX II Some Empirical Evidence on Price and Subsidy Policy

APPENDIX II Some Empirical Evidence on Price and Subsidy Policy »

Source: Fund-Supported Programs, Fiscal Policy, and Income Distribution

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 September 1986

ISBN: 9780939934645

Keywords: taxation, expenditure, salaries, subsidies, income distribution

Empirical information concerning the direct effect of price and subsidy policy on income distribution is scarce and of questionable quality. In addition, existing studies do not cover a sufficient range of c...

APPENDIX III A Review of Policies in Fund Programs, 1980–84

APPENDIX III A Review of Policies in Fund Programs, 1980–84 »

Source: Fund-Supported Programs, Fiscal Policy, and Income Distribution

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 September 1986

ISBN: 9780939934645

Keywords: taxation, expenditure, salaries, subsidies, income distribution

Selection of the Sample The Fund approved 117 stand-by programs and 23 extended facilities from January 1980 to December 1984, for 68 countries. Twenty-two countries had programs in...

At a glance: IMF Financial Data

At a glance: IMF Financial Data »

Source: IMF Survey, Volume 35, Issue 03

Volume/Issue: 35/3

Series: IMF Survey

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 February 2006

ISBN: 9781451967784

Keywords: capital market, international capital, development bank, Consumer Expenditure, Economic Development. Environmental Aspects, International Capital Market. Volatility, International Economic Integration, International Monetary Fund (imf), Nobel Prizes, Organizational Structure

New IMF financial sector department; Short takes: Oman, C.A.R., Greece; Nobelist Wangari Matthai on sustainable development; Moldova and remittances; Financial globalization; VAT refunds; Emerging markets alter fin...

Bank activity: New approach to World Bank management; recent IDA credits and Bank loans

Bank activity: New approach to World Bank management; recent IDA credits and Bank loans »

Source: Finance & Development, March 1982

Volume/Issue: 19/1

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 1982

ISBN: 9781616353483

Keywords: bank loans, government expenditures, structural adjustment, bank management

This paper highlights that important changes have been made in the World Bank's management systems since Mr. A. W. Clausen became President in July 1981. The changes reflect Mr. Clausen's belief that there needs to...

Bank Group Activity

Bank Group Activity »

Source: Finance & Development, March 1974

Volume/Issue: 11/1

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 1974

ISBN: 9781616353155

Keywords: expenditure, fiscal system, expenditures, fiscal policy, expenditure policy

This paper highlights that the distribution of income and wealth in developing countries has become a matter of great concern to all those interested in development. The paper highlights that in Latin America, the...

Best practices for value-added tax refunds—how to mend the “Achilles’ heel” of the VAT

Best practices for value-added tax refunds—how to mend the “Achilles’ heel” of the VAT »

Source: IMF Survey, Volume 35, Issue 03

Volume/Issue: 35/3

Series: IMF Survey

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 February 2006

ISBN: 9781451967784

Keywords: capital market, international capital, development bank, Consumer Expenditure, Economic Development. Environmental Aspects, International Capital Market. Volatility, International Economic Integration, International Monetary Fund (imf), Nobel Prizes, Organizational Structure

New IMF financial sector department; Short takes: Oman, C.A.R., Greece; Nobelist Wangari Matthai on sustainable development; Moldova and remittances; Financial globalization; VAT refunds; Emerging markets alter fin...

Book Notices

Book Notices »

Source: Finance & Development, March 1974

Volume/Issue: 11/1

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 1974

ISBN: 9781616353155

Keywords: expenditure, fiscal system, expenditures, fiscal policy, expenditure policy

This paper highlights that the distribution of income and wealth in developing countries has become a matter of great concern to all those interested in development. The paper highlights that in Latin America, the...