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6 A Comparative Perspective on Expenditure Assignments

6 A Comparative Perspective on Expenditure Assignments »

Source: Reforming China's Public Finances

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 September 1995

ISBN: 9781557755117

Keywords: expenditure, expenditures, taxation, budget law, tax system

Principles Expenditure assignments influence the effective provision of certain services, as well as macroeconomic policy, but have important distributional implicati...

5 A Game Theoretic Analysis of Corruption in Bureaucracies

5 A Game Theoretic Analysis of Corruption in Bureaucracies »

Source: Governance, Corruption, and Economic Performance

Series: Books

Author(s): Sanjeev Gupta , and George Abed

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 September 2002

ISBN: 9781589061163

Keywords: decentralization, military spending, military, tax revenue, government expenditure

I. Introduction A fundamental role of the state lies in its provision of a legal order and in its ability to implement and enforce property rights and other formal rules in an econom...

Accrual Budgeting and Fiscal Policy

Accrual Budgeting and Fiscal Policy »

Source: Accrual Budgeting and Fiscal Policy

Volume/Issue: 2009/84

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Marc Robinson

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 2009

ISBN: 9781451872316

Keywords: fiscal stabilization policy, net worth, control totals, net lending, aggregate expenditure, expenditure, capital expenditure,

Can an accrual budgeting system-a system in which budgetary spending authorizations to line ministries are formulated in accrual terms-serve the needs of good fiscal policy? If so, how must such a system be designe...

4 Addressing the Procyclical Bias

4 Addressing the Procyclical Bias »

Source: Promoting Fiscal Discipline

Series: Books

Author(s): Manmohan Kumar , and Teresa Ter-Minassian

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 October 2007

ISBN: 9781589066090

Keywords: fiscal policy, expenditure, fiscal performance, fiscal rules, fiscal discipline

Since political economy factors are an important determinant of procyclicality of policies, measures to contain the misuse of fiscal policy discretion can be benefic...

Africa
			: Adjustment to the Challenges of Globalization

Africa : Adjustment to the Challenges of Globalization »

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 January 1999

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557758293.071

ISBN: 9781557758293

Keywords: banking, expenditure, trade liberalization, civil service, banking system

Sub-Saharan Africa needs much faster economic growth and more effective economic, financial, and social policies if it is to make up for lost ground and reduce the number of people living in abject poverty. Edited...

Back Matter

Back Matter »

Source: Africa : Adjustment to the Challenges of Globalization

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 January 1999

ISBN: 9781557758293

Keywords: banking, expenditure, trade liberalization, civil service, banking system

Sub-Saharan Africa needs much faster economic growth and more effective economic, financial, and social policies if it is to make up for lost ground and reduce the number of people living in abject poverty. Edited...

Front Matter

Front Matter »

Source: Africa : Adjustment to the Challenges of Globalization

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 January 1999

ISBN: 9781557758293

Keywords: banking, expenditure, trade liberalization, civil service, banking system

Sub-Saharan Africa needs much faster economic growth and more effective economic, financial, and social policies if it is to make up for lost ground and reduce the number of people living in abject poverty. Edited...

Aggregate Investment Expenditures on Tradable and Nontradable Goods

Aggregate Investment Expenditures on Tradable and Nontradable Goods »

Source: Aggregate Investment Expenditures on Tradable and Nontradable Goods

Volume/Issue: 2008/45

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Rudolfs Bems

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 2008

ISBN: 9781451869071

Keywords: tradable and nontradable goods, expenditure, expenditures, investment expenditures, input-output, expenditure share,

This paper shows that aggregate investment expenditure shares on tradable and nontradable goods are very similar across countries and regions. Furthermore, the two expenditure shares have remained close to constant...

Aging and Social Expenditure in the Major Industrial Countries, 1980-2025

Aging and Social Expenditure in the Major Industrial Countries, 1980-2025 »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Edgardo Ruggiero , Peter Heller , Menachem Katz , Robert Feldman , Richard Hemming , Peter Kohnert , Ziba Farhadian , Donogh McDonald , Ahsan Mansur , and Bernard Nivollet

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 September 1986

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9780939934683.084

ISBN: 9780939934683

Keywords: expenditure, pension, social expenditure, pensions, unemployment

Most of the seven major industrial countries are now experiencing significant changes in their demographic structure. A persistent pattern of declining fertility and improving life expectancy has created major segm...

Back Matter

Back Matter »

Source: Aging and Social Expenditure in the Major Industrial Countries, 1980-2025

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Edgardo Ruggiero , Peter Heller , Menachem Katz , Robert Feldman , Richard Hemming , Peter Kohnert , Ziba Farhadian , Donogh McDonald , Ahsan Mansur , and Bernard Nivollet

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 September 1986

ISBN: 9780939934683

Keywords: expenditure, pension, social expenditure, pensions, unemployment

Most of the seven major industrial countries are now experiencing significant changes in their demographic structure. A persistent pattern of declining fertility and improving life expectancy has created major segm...